Determination of the effects of tillage on the productivity of a sandy loam soil using soil productivity models

Bako T., Mamai E.A., Istifanus A.B. (2021): Determination of the effects of tillage on the productivity of a sandy loam soil using soil productivity models. Res. Agr. Eng., 67: 108–115. 

download PDF

Based on the hypothesis that soil properties and productivity components should be affected by different tillage methods, field and laboratory experiments were conducted to study the effects of zero tillage (ZT), one pass of disc plough tillage (P), one pass of disc plough plus one pass of disc harrow tillage (PH) and one pass of disc plough plus two passes of disc harrow tillage (PHH) on the distribution of the bulk density, available water capacity, pH, organic matter, available phosphorus, iron oxide and aluminium oxide at different soil depths, and their effects on the soil productivity. The available water capacity, pH, organic matter and available phosphorus were found to increase with the degree of tillage, while the bulk density, iron oxide and aluminium oxide were found to decrease with the degree of tillage. The results show that the soil productivity index was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected by the tillage methods and found to increase with the degree of tillage.

Aduayi E.A., Chude V.O., Olayiwola S.O. (2002): Fertilizer Use and Management. Practices for Crops in Nigeria. Ibadan, Bobma Publishers, U.I.
Agber P.I (2011): Testing the Effectiveness of Soil Productivity. Assessment Models in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. [PhD Thesis]. Makurdi, University of Agriculture – Unpublished.
Alam M.K., Islam M.M., Salahin N., Hasanuzzaman M. (2014): Effect of tillage practices on soil properties and crop productivity in wheat-mung bean-rice cropping aystem under aubtropical climatic conditions. The Scientific World Journal, 2014: 437283.
Blevins R.L., Frye W.W. (1993): Conservation tillage an ecological approach to soil management. Advanced Agronomy, 51: 33–78.
Campbell D.J., Henshall J.K. (1991): Bulk density. In: Smith K.A., Mullins C.E. (eds): Physical Methods of Soil Analysis. New York, Marcel Dekker: 329–366.
Chatterjee A., Lal R. (2009): On farm assessment of tillage impact on soil carbon and associated soil wuality parameters. Soil Tillage Research, 104: 270–277.
Fernando D. (2002): A Framework to Make Decisions in Soil Conservation for Tropical Moun-tains. 17th World Congress of Soil Sci. (WCSS) Thailand Symp. No. 38. Bangkok, Thailand, Aug 14–21, 2002: 1720.
Frank K., Beegle D., Denning J. (1998): Phosphorus. In: Brown J.R. (ed.): Recommended Chem-ical Soil Test Procedures for the North Central Region. North Central Regional Research Publi-cation No. 221 (revised). Columbia, University of Missouri, Agricultural Experiment Station: 21–26.
Gee G.W., Or D. (2002): Particle-size analysis. In: Dane J.H., Topp G.C. (eds.): Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 4. Physical Methods. Book Series No. 5. Madison, Soil Science Society of America: 255–293.
Gholami A., Asgari H.R., Saeidifar Z. (2014): Short-term effect of different tillage systems on soil salinity, density and nutrients in irrigated wheat. International Journal of Advanced Biolog-ical and Biomedical Research, 2: 1513–1524.
Hinkelmann K., Kempthorne O. (1994): Design and Analysis of Experiments, Vol I. Introduction to Experimental Design. New York, John Wiley and Sons.
Ibitoye A.A. (2006). Laboratory Manual on Basic Soil Analysis. 2nd Ed. Akure, Foladaye Publish-ing Company.
Kiniry L.M., Scrivener C.L., Keener M.E. (1983): A Soil Productivity Index Based upon Predict-ed Water Depletion and Root Growth. Research Bulletin 1051. Columbia, Colombia University of Missouri.
Lindstorm M.J., Schumacher T.E., Jones A.J., Gantzer C. (1992): Productivity index and model comparison for selected soils in North Central United States. Journal of Soil and Water Conser-vation, 47: 491–494.
Luder R.M.H., Qin R., Richner W., Stamp P. Streit B., Noulas C. (2019): Effect of tillage sys-tems on spatial variation in soil chemical properties and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) per-formance in small fields. Agronomy, 9: 1–17.
Nelson D.W., Sommers, L.E. (1996): Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Sparks D.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods. 2nd Ed. SSSA Book Series No. 5. Madison, ASA and SSSA: 961–1010.
Nta S.A., Lucas E.B., Ogunjimi L.A.O (2017): Effect of tillage on soil physico-chemical proper-ties in South-Western Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 4: 20–24.
Nwite J.N., Obi M.E. (2008): Quantifying the productivity of selected soils in Nsukka and Aba-kaliki, south eastern Nigeria using productivity index. Agro-Science, 7: 170–178.
Ogunsola O.A., Omochi J.A., Udo E.J. (1989): Free oxides status and distribution in soils overly-ing limestones areas in Nigeria. Soil Science, 147: 245–251.
Ozubor C.C., Anoliefo G.O. (1999): Inhibition of germination and oxygen consumption of Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin by nigerian crude oil. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, 2: 39–42.
Parfitt R.L., Childs C.W. (1988): Estimation of forms of Fe and Al: A review and analysis of contrasting soils by dissolution and moessbauer Methods. Australian Journal of Soil Re-search, 26: 121–144.
Pierce F.J., Larson W.E., Dowdy R.H., Graham W.A.P. (1983): Productivity of soils. Assessing long term changes due to erosion. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 38: 39–44.
Rashidi M., Keshavarzpour F. (2008): Effect of different tillage methods on soil physical proper-ties and crop yield of melon (Cucumis melo). ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 3: 41–46.
Singh B.T., Nandini D.K., Bijen K.Y., Bishworjit N., Nongdren K.S.L., Herojit S.A. (2013): Characterization and evaluation for crop suitability in lateritic soils. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 4628–4636.
Zeliha B.B., Ismail C. (2017): Tillage effects on some soil physical properties in a semi-arid medi-terranean region of Turkey. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 58: 217–222.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti