Heating and emission properties of waste biomass in burner furnace

https://doi.org/10.17221/75/2015-RAECitation:Malaťák J., Bradna J. (2017): Heating and emission properties of waste biomass in burner furnace. Res. Agr. Eng., 63: 16-22.
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Utilization of waste suitable as a fuel for small combustion devices is a very important issue. Therefore, this article analyzes selected waste materials from agriculture and maintenance of municipal vegetation. The pellet samples from composting had very high ash content (22.39 and 36.85% wt.), which resulted in low values of net calorific value (12.66 and 10.24 MJ/kg),
but also in bad properties of these samples in high concentration of harmful emission. Other problematic fuel samples were pellets from maintenance of city vegetation and reed canary grass, for which high concentration of carbon monoxide was measured during combustion process. The device used for these experiments is based on burner furnace. Combustion conditions could be improved by more uniform fuel supply to the burner and better control of combustion air. Boiler with advanced combustion control can reach better results during combustion process. Results in this article are valid for tested materials combusted in simple pellet burner with limited ability to control combustion process.
References:
Díaz-Ramírez Maryori, Sebastián Fernando, Royo Javier, Rezeau Adeline (2014): Influencing factors on NOX emission level during grate conversion of three pelletized energy crops. Applied Energy, 115, 360-373 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.11.011
 
Eskilsson David, Rönnbäck Marie, Samuelsson Jessica, Tullin Claes (2004): Optimisation of efficiency and emissions in pellet burners. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, 541-546 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.09.008
 
Johansson L.S., Tullin C., Leckner B., Sjövall P. (2003): Particle emissions from biomass combustion in small combustors. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 435-446 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00036-9
 
Houshfar Ehsan, Skreiberg Øyvind, Løvås Terese, Todorović Dušan, Sørum Lars (2011): Effect of Excess Air Ratio and Temperature on NOx Emission from Grate Combustion of Biomass in the Staged Air Combustion Scenario. Energy & Fuels, 25, 4643-4654 https://doi.org/10.1021/ef200714d
 
Liu Hao, Chaney Joel, Li Jinxing, Sun Chenggong (2013): Control of NOx emissions of a domestic/small-scale biomass pellet boiler by air staging. Fuel, 103, 792-798 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.10.028
 
Malaták J., Bradna J. (2014): Use of waste material mixtures for energy purposes in small combustion devices. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60: 50-59.
 
Müller Miroslav, Horníčková Š., Hrabě P., Mařík J. (): Analysis of physical, mechanical and chemical properties of seeds and kernels of Jatropha curcas. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 61, 99-105 https://doi.org/10.17221/10/2014-RAE
 
Obernberger Ingwald, Thek Gerold (2004): Physical characterisation and chemical composition of densified biomass fuels with regard to their combustion behaviour. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, 653-669 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.07.006
 
Olsson Maria, Kjällstrand Jennica, Petersson Göran (2003): Specific chimney emissions and biofuel characteristics of softwood pellets for residential heating in Sweden. Biomass and Bioenergy, 24, 51-57 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00083-1
 
Strehler A (2000): Technologies of wood combustion. Ecological Engineering, 16, 25-40 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-8574(00)00049-5
 
Vierle O, Launhardt T, Strehler A, Dumler-Gradl R, Thoma H, Schreiner M (1999): Investigation of organic pollutants from house heating systems using biogenic fuels and correlations with other exhaust gas components. Analytica Chimica Acta, 393, 131-140 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(99)00188-9
 
Wei Wen, Zhang Wei, Hu Dan, Ou Langbo, Tong Yindong, Shen Guofeng, Shen Huizhong, Wang Xuejun (2012): Emissions of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from uncompressed and pelletized biomass fuel burning in typical household stoves in China. Atmospheric Environment, 56, 136-142 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.060
 
Žandeckis A., Kirsanovs V., Dzikevičs M., Blumberga D. (2013): Experimental study on the optimisation of staged air supply in the retort pellet burner. Agronomy Research, 11: 381–390.
 
Díaz-Ramírez Maryori, Sebastián Fernando, Royo Javier, Rezeau Adeline (2014): Influencing factors on NOX emission level during grate conversion of three pelletized energy crops. Applied Energy, 115, 360-373 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.11.011
 
Eskilsson David, Rönnbäck Marie, Samuelsson Jessica, Tullin Claes (2004): Optimisation of efficiency and emissions in pellet burners. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, 541-546 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.09.008
 
Johansson L.S., Tullin C., Leckner B., Sjövall P. (2003): Particle emissions from biomass combustion in small combustors. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 435-446 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00036-9
 
Houshfar Ehsan, Skreiberg Øyvind, Løvås Terese, Todorović Dušan, Sørum Lars (2011): Effect of Excess Air Ratio and Temperature on NOx Emission from Grate Combustion of Biomass in the Staged Air Combustion Scenario. Energy & Fuels, 25, 4643-4654 https://doi.org/10.1021/ef200714d
 
Liu Hao, Chaney Joel, Li Jinxing, Sun Chenggong (2013): Control of NOx emissions of a domestic/small-scale biomass pellet boiler by air staging. Fuel, 103, 792-798 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.10.028
 
Malaták J., Bradna J. (2014): Use of waste material mixtures for energy purposes in small combustion devices. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60: 50-59.
 
Müller Miroslav, Horníčková Š., Hrabě P., Mařík J. (): Analysis of physical, mechanical and chemical properties of seeds and kernels of Jatropha curcas. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 61, 99-105 https://doi.org/10.17221/10/2014-RAE
 
Obernberger Ingwald, Thek Gerold (2004): Physical characterisation and chemical composition of densified biomass fuels with regard to their combustion behaviour. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, 653-669 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.07.006
 
Olsson Maria, Kjällstrand Jennica, Petersson Göran (2003): Specific chimney emissions and biofuel characteristics of softwood pellets for residential heating in Sweden. Biomass and Bioenergy, 24, 51-57 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00083-1
 
Strehler A (2000): Technologies of wood combustion. Ecological Engineering, 16, 25-40 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-8574(00)00049-5
 
Vierle O, Launhardt T, Strehler A, Dumler-Gradl R, Thoma H, Schreiner M (1999): Investigation of organic pollutants from house heating systems using biogenic fuels and correlations with other exhaust gas components. Analytica Chimica Acta, 393, 131-140 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(99)00188-9
 
Wei Wen, Zhang Wei, Hu Dan, Ou Langbo, Tong Yindong, Shen Guofeng, Shen Huizhong, Wang Xuejun (2012): Emissions of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from uncompressed and pelletized biomass fuel burning in typical household stoves in China. Atmospheric Environment, 56, 136-142 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.060
 
Žandeckis A., Kirsanovs V., Dzikevičs M., Blumberga D. (2013): Experimental study on the optimisation of staged air supply in the retort pellet burner. Agronomy Research, 11: 381–390.
 
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