Research of a contact impact of a root crop with a screw auger

https://doi.org/10.17221/75/2017-RAECitation:Baranovsky V., Truchanska O., Pankiv M., Bandura V. (2020): Research of a contact impact of a root crop with a screw auger. Res. Agr. Eng., 66: 33-42.
download PDF

The purpose of this research is the further development of the methodology and methods of optimising the parameters of root pile  combined cleaners of a root crop harvesting machine. We have conducted theoretical and experimental studies of the combined  cleaning system’s functioning process. By executing the analysis, we found the motion of the fodder beet through the working surfaces of the feeding conveyor and the auger installed above it. We have got an analytical and empirical process model for the fodder beet’s oblique sub-hit on the auger turn. It characterises the dependence of the total rate of the sub-hit coefficient of the technological  interaction of the roots and the depth of the root damage, which depend on the main parameters of the combined cleaning system. We found out the rational limits of the basic structural and kinematic parameters of the combined cleaning system by the provided minimum fodder beet damage. It is theoretically justified that the minimum damage to roots of the beet roots will be at a contact angle of zero (γ ≅ 0) or close to it. This condition is protected with the following combinations of parameters: a screw diameter of D = 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 m and a screw speed of n = 99, 72, 50 rpm, respectively.

References:
Baranovsky V.M., Voytyuk D.G., Vyhovsky A.J. (2001): Experimental studies on fodder beet damage by pendulum copra. Agricultural Machines, 8: 5–10.
 
Baranovsky V.M., Solomka V.O., Onishchenko V.B. (2002): On the question of damage of root crops by cleaning working bodies. Bulletin TNTU, 7: 90–94.
 
Baranovsky V.M., Pidhursky M.I., Pankiv M.R., Pankiv V.R. (2012): Root heap cleaner. Ukraine Patent 72184. A 01D 33/08. 2012.
 
Baranovsky V.M., Potapenko M.V. (2017): Theoretical analysis of the technological feed of lifter root crops. INMATEH, Agricultural Engineering, 51: 103–110.
 
Baranovsky V., Dubchak N., Pankiv M. (2017): Experimental research of stripping the leaves from root crops. Acta Technologica Agriculturae, 20: 29–38. https://doi.org/10.1515/ata-2017-0014
 
Bulgakov V., Korenko N. (2007): Mathematical model of sugar beet vibratory digging up. Acta Technologica Agriculturae, 10: 61–65.
 
Bulgakov V.M., Chernovol M.I., Sviren N. A. (2009) Theory of Beet-Lifting Machines: Monograph. Kirovograd, COD: 256.
 
Dubchak N.A., Baranovsky V.M., Onishchenko V.B. (2010): The results of experimental studies of root sub-hit. Scientific Herald NUBaP. Series “Technology in Agribusiness and Energy”, 144: 185–192.
 
Dubchak N. (2013): The resultant speed of the process of root crops contact interaction. Bulletin TNTU, 69: 154–161.
 
Hevko R.B., Dzyura V.O., Romanovsky R.M. (2014): Mathematical model of the pneumatic-screw conveyor screw mechanism operation. INMATEH Agricultural Engineering, 44: 103–110.
 
State Standard 2258-93. Beet Harvesting Machinery 1993. Kyiv: 18.
 
Storozhuk I.M., Pankiv V.R. (2015): Research results of harvesting haulm remnants of root crops. INMATEH Agricultural Engineering, 46: 101–108.
 
Pogorely L.V., Tatyanko M.V. (2004): Beet Harvesters: History, Design, Theory, Forecast. Kyiv, Phoenix: 232.
 
Pogorily M.L. (2000): Technological improvements and technical aspects of sugar beet harvesting equipment. APC Technology, 1: 14–18.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti