Evaluation of wheat stubble management practices in terms of the fuel consumption and field capacity

https://doi.org/10.17221/77/2013-RAECitation:Gürsoy S., Kolay B., Avşar Ö., Sessiz A. (2015): Evaluation of wheat stubble management practices in terms of the fuel consumption and field capacity. Res. Agr. Eng., 61: 116-121.
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Five wheat stubble management practices i.e. chopping the stubble by the chopper mounted on combine during harvest and transmitting the straw to trailer (SCDF), chopping the stubble by the chopper mounted on combine during harvest and spreading the straw to field surface (SCDS), chopping the stubble on field surface after harvest by chopper mounted on combine and transmitting the straw to trailer (SCAF), leaving the stubble on field surface (SLS) and removing the stubble left on field surface by baling (SSB) and the cutting height of combine header (10 and 20 cm) were evaluated in terms of fuel consumption and field capacity. The result of the studies showed that the cutting height of header was increased from 10 to 20 cm, the field capacity increased from 1.195 to 1.365 ha/h and the fuel consumption decreased from 54.472 to 38.859 l/ha. While the highest field capacity was determined in SLS (1.846 ha/h), SCAF and SSB treatments had the lowest field capacity (0.954 and 0.891 ha/h, respectively). Chopping the stubble by chopper mounted on combine and transmitting straw to trailer during harvest increased the fuel consumption of combine by 3.6 times.
References:
Anderson G. (2009): The impact of tillage practices and crop residue (stubble) retention in the cropping system of Western Australia. Western Australian Agriculture Authority, Bulletin No. 4786.
 
Celik A. (2006): Design and operating characteristics of a push type cutter bar mower. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48: 23–27.
 
Chen Y., Tessier S., Cavers C., Xu X., Monero F. (2005): A survey of crop residue burning practices in Manitoba. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 21: 317−323.
 
Devendra C. (2007): Small farm systems to feed hungry Asia. Outlook on Agriculture, 36, 7-20  https://doi.org/10.5367/000000007780223641
 
C. L. Douglas , Jr. , P. E. Rasmussen , R. R. Allmaras (1989): Cutting Height, Yield, Level, and Equipment Modification Effects on Residue Distribution by Combines. Transactions of the ASAE, 32, 1258-1262  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.31142
 
ERENSTEIN OLAF (2010): VILLAGE SURVEYS FOR TECHNOLOGY UPTAKE MONITORING: CASE OF TILLAGE DYNAMICS IN THE TRANS-GANGETIC PLAINS. Experimental Agriculture, 46, 277-292  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479710000049
 
Erenstein Olaf (2011): Cropping systems and crop residue management in the Trans-Gangetic Plains: Issues and challenges for conservation agriculture from village surveys. Agricultural Systems, 104, 54-62  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2010.09.005
 
Ismail Z.E., Ibrahim M.M., Embaby S.A. (2009): Economic evaluation and selection of farm machinery. Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 26: 746–757.
 
Kehayov D., Vezirov C., Atanasov A. (2004): Some technical aspects of cut height in wheat harvest. Agronomy Research, 2: 181–186.
 
Listner G., Axmann M. (1993): Harvesting grain with less straw. Landtechnik, 48: 115–118.
 
Rao P.P., Birthal P.S. (2008): Livestock in Mixed Farming Systems in South Asia. New Delhi & Patancheru, NCAP/ICRISAT.
 
Sağlam C., Kaplan F., Polat R. (2010): A study on the chopping and mixing of cotton stalks with soil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 4764–4775.
 
Smith Lowrey A. (1993): Energy requirements for selected crop production implements. Soil and Tillage Research, 25, 281-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(93)90028-N
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2009): Optimization of fuel consumption during the harvest of wheat. TEKA – Komisji motoryzacji i energetyki rolnictwa politechniki lubelskiej wschodnioukrainskiego narodowego uniwersytetu im. wołodymyra dala w ługańsku – OL PAN, 9: 298–303
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2010): Impact of wheat stubble height on combine technological parameters. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 8: 464–468.
 
Anderson G. (2009): The impact of tillage practices and crop residue (stubble) retention in the cropping system of Western Australia. Western Australian Agriculture Authority, Bulletin No. 4786.
 
Celik A. (2006): Design and operating characteristics of a push type cutter bar mower. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48: 23–27.
 
Chen Y., Tessier S., Cavers C., Xu X., Monero F. (2005): A survey of crop residue burning practices in Manitoba. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 21: 317−323.
 
Devendra C. (2007): Small farm systems to feed hungry Asia. Outlook on Agriculture, 36, 7-20  https://doi.org/10.5367/000000007780223641
 
C. L. Douglas , Jr. , P. E. Rasmussen , R. R. Allmaras (1989): Cutting Height, Yield, Level, and Equipment Modification Effects on Residue Distribution by Combines. Transactions of the ASAE, 32, 1258-1262  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.31142
 
ERENSTEIN OLAF (2010): VILLAGE SURVEYS FOR TECHNOLOGY UPTAKE MONITORING: CASE OF TILLAGE DYNAMICS IN THE TRANS-GANGETIC PLAINS. Experimental Agriculture, 46, 277-292  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479710000049
 
Erenstein Olaf (2011): Cropping systems and crop residue management in the Trans-Gangetic Plains: Issues and challenges for conservation agriculture from village surveys. Agricultural Systems, 104, 54-62  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2010.09.005
 
Ismail Z.E., Ibrahim M.M., Embaby S.A. (2009): Economic evaluation and selection of farm machinery. Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 26: 746–757.
 
Kehayov D., Vezirov C., Atanasov A. (2004): Some technical aspects of cut height in wheat harvest. Agronomy Research, 2: 181–186.
 
Listner G., Axmann M. (1993): Harvesting grain with less straw. Landtechnik, 48: 115–118.
 
Rao P.P., Birthal P.S. (2008): Livestock in Mixed Farming Systems in South Asia. New Delhi & Patancheru, NCAP/ICRISAT.
 
Sağlam C., Kaplan F., Polat R. (2010): A study on the chopping and mixing of cotton stalks with soil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 4764–4775.
 
Smith Lowrey A. (1993): Energy requirements for selected crop production implements. Soil and Tillage Research, 25, 281-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(93)90028-N
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2009): Optimization of fuel consumption during the harvest of wheat. TEKA – Komisji motoryzacji i energetyki rolnictwa politechniki lubelskiej wschodnioukrainskiego narodowego uniwersytetu im. wołodymyra dala w ługańsku – OL PAN, 9: 298–303
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2010): Impact of wheat stubble height on combine technological parameters. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 8: 464–468.
 
Anderson G. (2009): The impact of tillage practices and crop residue (stubble) retention in the cropping system of Western Australia. Western Australian Agriculture Authority, Bulletin No. 4786.
 
Celik A. (2006): Design and operating characteristics of a push type cutter bar mower. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48: 23–27.
 
Chen Y., Tessier S., Cavers C., Xu X., Monero F. (2005): A survey of crop residue burning practices in Manitoba. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 21: 317−323.
 
Devendra C. (2007): Small farm systems to feed hungry Asia. Outlook on Agriculture, 36, 7-20  https://doi.org/10.5367/000000007780223641
 
C. L. Douglas , Jr. , P. E. Rasmussen , R. R. Allmaras (1989): Cutting Height, Yield, Level, and Equipment Modification Effects on Residue Distribution by Combines. Transactions of the ASAE, 32, 1258-1262  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.31142
 
ERENSTEIN OLAF (2010): VILLAGE SURVEYS FOR TECHNOLOGY UPTAKE MONITORING: CASE OF TILLAGE DYNAMICS IN THE TRANS-GANGETIC PLAINS. Experimental Agriculture, 46, 277-292  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479710000049
 
Erenstein Olaf (2011): Cropping systems and crop residue management in the Trans-Gangetic Plains: Issues and challenges for conservation agriculture from village surveys. Agricultural Systems, 104, 54-62  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2010.09.005
 
Ismail Z.E., Ibrahim M.M., Embaby S.A. (2009): Economic evaluation and selection of farm machinery. Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 26: 746–757.
 
Kehayov D., Vezirov C., Atanasov A. (2004): Some technical aspects of cut height in wheat harvest. Agronomy Research, 2: 181–186.
 
Listner G., Axmann M. (1993): Harvesting grain with less straw. Landtechnik, 48: 115–118.
 
Rao P.P., Birthal P.S. (2008): Livestock in Mixed Farming Systems in South Asia. New Delhi & Patancheru, NCAP/ICRISAT.
 
Sağlam C., Kaplan F., Polat R. (2010): A study on the chopping and mixing of cotton stalks with soil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 4764–4775.
 
Smith Lowrey A. (1993): Energy requirements for selected crop production implements. Soil and Tillage Research, 25, 281-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(93)90028-N
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2009): Optimization of fuel consumption during the harvest of wheat. TEKA – Komisji motoryzacji i energetyki rolnictwa politechniki lubelskiej wschodnioukrainskiego narodowego uniwersytetu im. wołodymyra dala w ługańsku – OL PAN, 9: 298–303
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2010): Impact of wheat stubble height on combine technological parameters. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 8: 464–468.
 
Anderson G. (2009): The impact of tillage practices and crop residue (stubble) retention in the cropping system of Western Australia. Western Australian Agriculture Authority, Bulletin No. 4786.
 
Celik A. (2006): Design and operating characteristics of a push type cutter bar mower. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48: 23–27.
 
Chen Y., Tessier S., Cavers C., Xu X., Monero F. (2005): A survey of crop residue burning practices in Manitoba. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 21: 317−323.
 
Devendra C. (2007): Small farm systems to feed hungry Asia. Outlook on Agriculture, 36, 7-20  https://doi.org/10.5367/000000007780223641
 
C. L. Douglas , Jr. , P. E. Rasmussen , R. R. Allmaras (1989): Cutting Height, Yield, Level, and Equipment Modification Effects on Residue Distribution by Combines. Transactions of the ASAE, 32, 1258-1262  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.31142
 
ERENSTEIN OLAF (2010): VILLAGE SURVEYS FOR TECHNOLOGY UPTAKE MONITORING: CASE OF TILLAGE DYNAMICS IN THE TRANS-GANGETIC PLAINS. Experimental Agriculture, 46, 277-292  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479710000049
 
Erenstein Olaf (2011): Cropping systems and crop residue management in the Trans-Gangetic Plains: Issues and challenges for conservation agriculture from village surveys. Agricultural Systems, 104, 54-62  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2010.09.005
 
Ismail Z.E., Ibrahim M.M., Embaby S.A. (2009): Economic evaluation and selection of farm machinery. Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 26: 746–757.
 
Kehayov D., Vezirov C., Atanasov A. (2004): Some technical aspects of cut height in wheat harvest. Agronomy Research, 2: 181–186.
 
Listner G., Axmann M. (1993): Harvesting grain with less straw. Landtechnik, 48: 115–118.
 
Rao P.P., Birthal P.S. (2008): Livestock in Mixed Farming Systems in South Asia. New Delhi & Patancheru, NCAP/ICRISAT.
 
Sağlam C., Kaplan F., Polat R. (2010): A study on the chopping and mixing of cotton stalks with soil. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 4764–4775.
 
Smith Lowrey A. (1993): Energy requirements for selected crop production implements. Soil and Tillage Research, 25, 281-299  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(93)90028-N
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2009): Optimization of fuel consumption during the harvest of wheat. TEKA – Komisji motoryzacji i energetyki rolnictwa politechniki lubelskiej wschodnioukrainskiego narodowego uniwersytetu im. wołodymyra dala w ługańsku – OL PAN, 9: 298–303
 
Špokas L., Steponavičius D. (2010): Impact of wheat stubble height on combine technological parameters. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 8: 464–468.
 
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