Changes in selected wine physical properties during the short-time storage 

https://doi.org/10.17221/7/2015-RAECitation:Hlaváč P., Božiková M., Hlaváčová Z., Kardjilova K. (2016): Changes in selected wine physical properties during the short-time storage . Res. Agr. Eng., 62: 147-153.
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This article is focused on the effect of temperature and short-term storage on the physical properties of wine made in Slovakia. All measurements were performed during temperature manipulation in the temperature interval approximately from 0°C to 30°C. Two series of rheologic and thermal parameters measurements and one of electric parameter were done. First measurement was done at the beginning of storage and then the same sample was measured after a short storage. Temperature relations of rheologic parameters and electric conductivity were characterized by exponential functions, which is in good agreement with the Arrhenius equation. In case of thermal parameters linear relations were obtained. The graphical dependency of wine density on temperature was described by decreasing polynomial function. The temperature dependencies of dynamic and kinematic viscosity have a decreasing character. The fluidity, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, and electrical conductivity increased with the temperature. It was found out that short-term storage had a small effect on measured properties but longer storage could have a more significant influence on selected properties.  
References:
Božiková M. (2003): Thermophysical parameters of corn and wheat flour. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 49: 157–160.
 
Božiková M., Hlaváč P. (2010): Selected Physical Properties of Agricultural and Food Products. Nitra, SUA in Nitra.
 
Colombié Sophie, Malherbe Sophie, Sablayrolles Jean-Marie (2007): Modeling of heat transfer in tanks during wine-making fermentation. Food Control, 18, 953-960  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2006.05.016
 
Černý Robert, Toman Jan (1997): A difference method for determining the thermal conductivity of porous materials in a wide temperature range. High Temperatures-High Pressures, 29, 51-57  https://doi.org/10.1068/htec56
 
Figura L.O., Teixeira A.A. (2007): Food Physics, Physical properties – Measurement and Applications. New York, Springer.
 
Garcı́a A., Torres J.L., De Blas M., De Francisco A., Illanes R. (2004): Dielectric Characteristics of Grape Juice and Wine. Biosystems Engineering, 88, 343-349  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2004.04.008
 
Havlíček Miroslav, Severa Libor, Křivánek Ivo (): On the influence of temperature and chemical properties on viscosity of Moravian wines. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 55, 59-64  https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun200755010059
 
Johnson H. (1989): Vintage: The story of wine. New York, Simon & Schuster.
 
Johnson C. (2010): The wine wheel goes round and round. Available at www.cookingwithsin.com/2010/07/26/the-wine-wheel-goes-round-round
 
Kumbár V., Dostál P. (2014): Temperature dependence density and kinematic viscosity of petrol, bioethanol and their blends. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51: 175–179.
 
Labudová G., Vozárová V. (2002): Hot wire and hot plate apparatuses for the measurement of the thermophysical properties. Transactions of the TSTU, 8: 85–96.
 
López A., Ibarz A., Pagán J., Vilavella M. (1989): Rheology of wine musts during fermentation. Journal of Food Engineering, 10, 155-161  https://doi.org/10.1016/0260-8774(89)90033-2
 
MANZOCCO LARA, MALTINI ENRICO, LERICI CARLO R. (1998): CHANGES OF SOME THERMAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN MODEL SYSTEMS SIMULATING AN ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 22, 1-12  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4549.1998.tb00800.x
 
Munson B.R., Young D.F., Okiishi T.H. (1994): Fundamentals of fluid mechanics. New York, John Wilie & Sons.
 
Paxman Rosemary, Stinson Jake, Dejardin Anna, McKendry Rachel A., Hoogenboom Bart W. (2012): Using Micromechanical Resonators to Measure Rheological Properties and Alcohol Content of Model Solutions and Commercial Beverages. Sensors, 12, 6497-6507  https://doi.org/10.3390/s120506497
 
F. Tanaka , K. Morita , P. Mallikarjunan , Y.–C. Hung , G. O. I. Ezeike (2002): ANALYSIS OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF RICE VINEGAR AND SAKE. Transactions of the ASAE, 45, -  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.8847
 
Wechsler A.E. (1992): The probe method for measurement of thermal conductivity. Compendium of Thermophysical Property Measurement Methods, Vol. 2 Recommended Measurement Techniques and Practices. New York, London, Plenum Press.
 
Božiková M. (2003): Thermophysical parameters of corn and wheat flour. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 49: 157–160.
 
Božiková M., Hlaváč P. (2010): Selected Physical Properties of Agricultural and Food Products. Nitra, SUA in Nitra.
 
Colombié Sophie, Malherbe Sophie, Sablayrolles Jean-Marie (2007): Modeling of heat transfer in tanks during wine-making fermentation. Food Control, 18, 953-960  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2006.05.016
 
Černý Robert, Toman Jan (1997): A difference method for determining the thermal conductivity of porous materials in a wide temperature range. High Temperatures-High Pressures, 29, 51-57  https://doi.org/10.1068/htec56
 
Figura L.O., Teixeira A.A. (2007): Food Physics, Physical properties – Measurement and Applications. New York, Springer.
 
Garcı́a A., Torres J.L., De Blas M., De Francisco A., Illanes R. (2004): Dielectric Characteristics of Grape Juice and Wine. Biosystems Engineering, 88, 343-349  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2004.04.008
 
Havlíček Miroslav, Severa Libor, Křivánek Ivo (): On the influence of temperature and chemical properties on viscosity of Moravian wines. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 55, 59-64  https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun200755010059
 
Johnson H. (1989): Vintage: The story of wine. New York, Simon & Schuster.
 
Johnson C. (2010): The wine wheel goes round and round. Available at www.cookingwithsin.com/2010/07/26/the-wine-wheel-goes-round-round
 
Kumbár V., Dostál P. (2014): Temperature dependence density and kinematic viscosity of petrol, bioethanol and their blends. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51: 175–179.
 
Labudová G., Vozárová V. (2002): Hot wire and hot plate apparatuses for the measurement of the thermophysical properties. Transactions of the TSTU, 8: 85–96.
 
López A., Ibarz A., Pagán J., Vilavella M. (1989): Rheology of wine musts during fermentation. Journal of Food Engineering, 10, 155-161  https://doi.org/10.1016/0260-8774(89)90033-2
 
MANZOCCO LARA, MALTINI ENRICO, LERICI CARLO R. (1998): CHANGES OF SOME THERMAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN MODEL SYSTEMS SIMULATING AN ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION. Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 22, 1-12  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4549.1998.tb00800.x
 
Munson B.R., Young D.F., Okiishi T.H. (1994): Fundamentals of fluid mechanics. New York, John Wilie & Sons.
 
Paxman Rosemary, Stinson Jake, Dejardin Anna, McKendry Rachel A., Hoogenboom Bart W. (2012): Using Micromechanical Resonators to Measure Rheological Properties and Alcohol Content of Model Solutions and Commercial Beverages. Sensors, 12, 6497-6507  https://doi.org/10.3390/s120506497
 
F. Tanaka , K. Morita , P. Mallikarjunan , Y.–C. Hung , G. O. I. Ezeike (2002): ANALYSIS OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF RICE VINEGAR AND SAKE. Transactions of the ASAE, 45, -  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.8847
 
Wechsler A.E. (1992): The probe method for measurement of thermal conductivity. Compendium of Thermophysical Property Measurement Methods, Vol. 2 Recommended Measurement Techniques and Practices. New York, London, Plenum Press.
 
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