Analysis of production parameters of single-lap bonds adhesive bonded with composites based on aluminium filler 

https://doi.org/10.17221/82/2015-RAECitation:Müller M. (2017): Analysis of production parameters of single-lap bonds adhesive bonded with composites based on aluminium filler . Res. Agr. Eng., 63: 36-44.
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In the area of bonding of sheets of metals, mainly in construction of transport and agricultural machines, single-lap bonds are used. In manufacturing corporations focused on bonding of the metal sheets the technologies such as riveting, welding and adhesive bonding are particularly used. These methods are frequently combined. The aim of the research was the evaluation of lap length of alloy AlCu4Mg adhesively bonded using two component epoxy adhesive, which is commonly used in construction of machines and its modification based in addition of filler in form of aluminium microparticles. The secondary aim of the research was to ascertain the influence of microparticle volume of aluminium filler on mechanical properties of polymer particle composite. Strength of adhesively bonded joint depends on the thickness of the bonded material. Strength of the adhesively bonded joint is dependent on the lapping length of adhesively bonded material. The highest values of strength of adhesively bonded joint were reached with the coefficient of the proportional length 0.27 ± 0.01. The assumption about negative effect of filler on tensile strength during the experiments was not confirmed. 
References:
Beneš P. (2012): Tradiční nářadí v nové podobě. Mechanizace zemědělství, 7: 10–12.
 
Bockenheimer C., Valeske B., Possart W. (2002): Network structure in epoxy aluminium bonds after mechanical treatment. International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives, 22: 349–356.
 
Borsellino C., Di Bella G., Ruisi V.F. (2009): Adhesive joining of aluminium AA6082: The effects of resin and surface treatment. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 36-44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2008.01.002
 
Cho J., Joshi M.S., Sun C.T. (2006): Effect of inclusion size on mechanical properties of polymeric composites with micro and nano particles. Composites Science and Technology, 66, 1941-1952 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.12.028
 
Ebnesajjad S., Landrock A.H. (2014): Adhesives Technology Handbook. William Andrew.
 
Eitner Ulrich, Rendler Li Carlos (2014): The Mechanical Theory behind the Peel Test. Energy Procedia, 55, 331-335 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.08.096
 
Fu Shao-Yun, Feng Xi-Qiao, Lauke Bernd, Mai Yiu-Wing (2008): Effects of particle size, particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate–polymer composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 39, 933-961 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2008.01.002
 
Galusek Dušan, Sedláček Jaroslav, Riedel Ralf (2007): Al2O3–SiC composites prepared by warm pressing and sintering of an organosilicon polymer-coated alumina powder. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27, 2385-2392 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.09.007
 
Herák D., Müller M., Dajbych O., Simanjuntak S. (2009): Bearing capacity and corrosion weight losses of the bonded metal joints in the conditions of Indonesia, North Sumatra province. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 55: 94–100.
 
Hricova Julia (2013): Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: The Effect of Metalworking Fluid in High Speed Machining <sup></sup>. Key Engineering Materials, 581, 89-94 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.581.89
 
Jäckel M., Scheibner W. (1991): Boundary layer induced modification of thermal and mechanical properties of epoxy resin composites. Cryogenics, 31, 269-272 https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-2275(91)90091-A
 
Kahraman Ramazan, Sunar Mehmet, Yilbas Bekir (2008): Influence of adhesive thickness and filler content on the mechanical performance of aluminum single-lap joints bonded with aluminum powder filled epoxy adhesive. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 205, 183-189 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.11.121
 
Kejval J., Müller M. (2013): Mechanical properties of multi-component polymeric composite with particles of Al2O3/SiC. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44, 237-242 https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2013.440407
 
Kim Ho Sung, Khamis Mohammad Azhar (2001): Fracture and impact behaviours of hollow micro-sphere/epoxy resin composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 32, 1311-1317 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(01)00098-7
 
Lang T.P., Mallick P.K. (1999): The effect of recessing on the stresses in adhesively bonded single-lap joints. International Journal of adhesion & Adhesive, 19: 257–271.
 
Loctite (1998): Der Loctite. Worldwide Design Handbook. München, Loctite European Group.
 
Messler R.W. (2004): Joining of materials and structures from pragmatic process to enabling technology. Burlington, Elsevier.
 
Müller M. (2013a): Research of liquid contaminants influence on adhesive bond strength applied in agricultural machine construction. Agronomy Research, 11: 147–154.
 
Müller M. (2013b): Research of renovation possibility of machine tools damage by adhesive bonding technology. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 504–509.
 
Müller M., Herák D. (2010): Dimensioning of the bonded lap joint. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 56: 59–68.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2012): Degradation medium of agrokomplex – adhesive bonded joints interaction. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 58: 83–91.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2013a): Assessment of bonding quality for several commercially available adhesives. Agronomy Research, 11: 155–162.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2013b): Comparison of variables influence on adhesive bonds strength calculations. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 205–210.
 
Müller M., Herák D., Valášek P. (2013): Degradation limits of bonding technology depending on destinations Europe, Indonesia. Tehnicki Vjesnik – Technical Gazzete, 20: 571–575.
 
Novák M. (2012): Surfaces with high precision of roughness after grinding. Manufacturing technology, 12: 66–70.
 
Olia M., Rossettos J.N. (1996): Analysis of adhesively bonded joints with gaps subjected to bending. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 33, 2681-2693 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(95)00168-9
 
Pereira A.M., Ferreira J.M., Antunes F.V., Bártolo P.J. (2010): Analysis of manufacturing parameters on the shear strength of aluminium adhesive single-lap joints. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 210, 610-617 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2009.11.006
 
Tamai Y., Aratani K. (1972): Experimental study of the relation between contact angle and surface roughness. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 76, 3267-3271 https://doi.org/10.1021/j100666a026
 
Valášek P. (2014): Mechanical properties of epoxy resins filled with waste rubber powder. Manufacturing Technology, 14: 632–637.
 
Valášek P. (2015): Polymeric microparticles composites with waste EPDM rubber powder. Agronomy Research, 13: 723–731.
 
Valášek Petr, Müller Miroslav (): Properties of Adhesives Used for Connecting in Automotive Industry. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63, 463-470 https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563020463
 
Beneš P. (2012): Tradiční nářadí v nové podobě. Mechanizace zemědělství, 7: 10–12.
 
Bockenheimer C., Valeske B., Possart W. (2002): Network structure in epoxy aluminium bonds after mechanical treatment. International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives, 22: 349–356.
 
Borsellino C., Di Bella G., Ruisi V.F. (2009): Adhesive joining of aluminium AA6082: The effects of resin and surface treatment. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 29, 36-44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2008.01.002
 
Cho J., Joshi M.S., Sun C.T. (2006): Effect of inclusion size on mechanical properties of polymeric composites with micro and nano particles. Composites Science and Technology, 66, 1941-1952 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.12.028
 
Ebnesajjad S., Landrock A.H. (2014): Adhesives Technology Handbook. William Andrew.
 
Eitner Ulrich, Rendler Li Carlos (2014): The Mechanical Theory behind the Peel Test. Energy Procedia, 55, 331-335 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.08.096
 
Fu Shao-Yun, Feng Xi-Qiao, Lauke Bernd, Mai Yiu-Wing (2008): Effects of particle size, particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate–polymer composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 39, 933-961 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2008.01.002
 
Galusek Dušan, Sedláček Jaroslav, Riedel Ralf (2007): Al2O3–SiC composites prepared by warm pressing and sintering of an organosilicon polymer-coated alumina powder. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27, 2385-2392 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.09.007
 
Herák D., Müller M., Dajbych O., Simanjuntak S. (2009): Bearing capacity and corrosion weight losses of the bonded metal joints in the conditions of Indonesia, North Sumatra province. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 55: 94–100.
 
Hricova Julia (2013): Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: The Effect of Metalworking Fluid in High Speed Machining <sup></sup>. Key Engineering Materials, 581, 89-94 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.581.89
 
Jäckel M., Scheibner W. (1991): Boundary layer induced modification of thermal and mechanical properties of epoxy resin composites. Cryogenics, 31, 269-272 https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-2275(91)90091-A
 
Kahraman Ramazan, Sunar Mehmet, Yilbas Bekir (2008): Influence of adhesive thickness and filler content on the mechanical performance of aluminum single-lap joints bonded with aluminum powder filled epoxy adhesive. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 205, 183-189 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.11.121
 
Kejval J., Müller M. (2013): Mechanical properties of multi-component polymeric composite with particles of Al2O3/SiC. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44, 237-242 https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2013.440407
 
Kim Ho Sung, Khamis Mohammad Azhar (2001): Fracture and impact behaviours of hollow micro-sphere/epoxy resin composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 32, 1311-1317 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(01)00098-7
 
Lang T.P., Mallick P.K. (1999): The effect of recessing on the stresses in adhesively bonded single-lap joints. International Journal of adhesion & Adhesive, 19: 257–271.
 
Loctite (1998): Der Loctite. Worldwide Design Handbook. München, Loctite European Group.
 
Messler R.W. (2004): Joining of materials and structures from pragmatic process to enabling technology. Burlington, Elsevier.
 
Müller M. (2013a): Research of liquid contaminants influence on adhesive bond strength applied in agricultural machine construction. Agronomy Research, 11: 147–154.
 
Müller M. (2013b): Research of renovation possibility of machine tools damage by adhesive bonding technology. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 504–509.
 
Müller M., Herák D. (2010): Dimensioning of the bonded lap joint. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 56: 59–68.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2012): Degradation medium of agrokomplex – adhesive bonded joints interaction. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 58: 83–91.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2013a): Assessment of bonding quality for several commercially available adhesives. Agronomy Research, 11: 155–162.
 
Müller M., Valášek P. (2013b): Comparison of variables influence on adhesive bonds strength calculations. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 205–210.
 
Müller M., Herák D., Valášek P. (2013): Degradation limits of bonding technology depending on destinations Europe, Indonesia. Tehnicki Vjesnik – Technical Gazzete, 20: 571–575.
 
Novák M. (2012): Surfaces with high precision of roughness after grinding. Manufacturing technology, 12: 66–70.
 
Olia M., Rossettos J.N. (1996): Analysis of adhesively bonded joints with gaps subjected to bending. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 33, 2681-2693 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(95)00168-9
 
Pereira A.M., Ferreira J.M., Antunes F.V., Bártolo P.J. (2010): Analysis of manufacturing parameters on the shear strength of aluminium adhesive single-lap joints. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 210, 610-617 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2009.11.006
 
Tamai Y., Aratani K. (1972): Experimental study of the relation between contact angle and surface roughness. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 76, 3267-3271 https://doi.org/10.1021/j100666a026
 
Valášek P. (2014): Mechanical properties of epoxy resins filled with waste rubber powder. Manufacturing Technology, 14: 632–637.
 
Valášek P. (2015): Polymeric microparticles composites with waste EPDM rubber powder. Agronomy Research, 13: 723–731.
 
Valášek Petr, Müller Miroslav (): Properties of Adhesives Used for Connecting in Automotive Industry. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63, 463-470 https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201563020463
 
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