Evaluation of the coefficient of uniformity and non-uniformity of irrigation for wide-range irrigators in various field conditions

https://doi.org/10.17221/8/2017-RAECitation:Jobbágy J., Krištof K. (2018): Evaluation of the coefficient of uniformity and non-uniformity of irrigation for wide-range irrigators in various field conditions. Res. Agr. Eng., 64: 55-62.
download PDF

The aim of this paper is to address an issue of work quality of irrigation machines with eight parameters that were selected and defined as input variables. The objective of the study was to determine possibilities of different evaluation methods for a wide range of irrigation machines and their versatility. All input conditions that could affect the results were recorded and analysed. The results were statistically analysed by a linear model (ANOVA). The results confirm that there are no statistically significant differences in used evaluation methods (p > 0.05) when the effect of locality was not considered. When the effect of locality was considered, statistically significant differences were observed (p < 0.05). When considering the coefficient of non-uniformity, statistically significant differences were not observed, however in case of considering different irrigation machines, statistically significant differences were observed. The obtained results indicate that the evaluation of irrigation uniformity is possible to carry out with other methods; however, the specific field conditions are not interchangeable as a parameter.


Abd El-Wahed M. H., Medici M., Lorenzini G. (2016): Sprinkler irrigation uniformity: Impact on the crop yield and water use efficiency. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 25, 117-125  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1810232816010112
ASAE (1991): Desing and Instalation of Micro Irrigation Systems, ASAE Engineering Practice ASAE.EP, USA.
ASAE (1998): S436.1. Test procedure for determining the uniformity of water distribution of center pivot and lateral move irrigation machines equipped with spray or sprinkler nozzles. St. Joseph, ASAE.
Ayars J.E., Phene C.J., Hutmacher R.B., Davis K.R., Schoneman R.A., Vail S.S., Mead R.M. (1999): Subsurface drip irrigation of row crops: a review of 15 years of research at the Water Management Research Laboratory. Agricultural Water Management, 42, 1-27  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(99)00025-6
Berbel J., Mateos L. (2014): Does investment in irrigation technology necessarily generate rebound effects? A simulation analysis based on an agro-economic model. Agricultural Systems, 128, 25-34  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2014.04.002
Burt C. M., Clemmens A. J., Strelkoff T. S., Solomon K. H., Bliesner R. D., Hardy L. A., Howell T. A., Eisenhauer D. E. (1997): Irrigation Performance Measures: Efficiency and Uniformity. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 123, 423-442  https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(1997)123:6(423)
Castellanos M.T., Cartagena M.C., Requejo M.I., Arce A., Cabello M.J., Ribas F., Tarquis A.M. (2016): Agronomic concepts in water footprint assessment: A case of study in a fertirrigated melon crop under semiarid conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 170, 81-90  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.01.014
Dechmi F., Playán E., Faci J.M., Tejero M. (2003a): Analysis of an irrigation district in northeastern Spain I. Characterisation and water use assessment. Agricultural Water Management, 61: 75–92.
Dechmi F., Playán E., Faci J.M., Tejero M., Bercero A. (2003b): Analysis of an irrigation district in northeastern Spain II. Irrigation evaluation, simulation and scheduling. Agricultural Water Management, 61: 93–109.
Menezes Paulo L. de, Azevedo Carlos A. V. de, Eyng Eduardo, Dantas Neto José, Lima Vera L. A. de (2015): Artificial neural network model for simulation of water distribution in sprinkle irrigation. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 19, 817-822  https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v19n9p817-822
ElWahed Mohamed, Sabagh Ayman, Saneoka Hirofoumi, Abdelkhalek Abdelaziz, Barutçular Celaleddin (2015): Sprinkler irrigation uniformity and crop water productivity of barley in arid region. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 27, 770-  https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2015-05-209
González Perea R., Camacho Poyato E., Montesinos P., Rodríguez Díaz J. A. (2014): Critical points: interactions between on-farm irrigation systems and water distribution network. Irrigation Science, 32, 255-265  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-014-0428-2
Huang Ting-Lin, Li Yu-Xian, Zhang Hui (2008): Theoretical analysis on non-uniformity of water distribution and influence of construction parameters on settling efficiency. Water Science & Technology, 58, 1007-  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2008.458
Jackson Robert B., Carpenter Stephen R., Dahm Clifford N., McKnight Diane M., Naiman Robert J., Postel Sandra L., Running Steven W. (2001): WATER IN A CHANGING WORLD. Ecological Applications, 11, 1027-1045  https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011[1027:WIACW]2.0.CO;2
Jobbágy J., Simoník J., Findura P. (2011): Evaluation of efficiency of precision irrigation for potatoes &nbsp;. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 57, S14-S23  https://doi.org/10.17221/47/2010-RAE
Jobbágy Ján, Holbay Alexander, Tomášik Lukáš (2013): DESIGN AND TESTING OF DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE LONGITUDINAL UNIFORMITY OF REEL HOSE IRRIGATION MACHINE. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 14, 1317-1325  https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/14.4.1350
Jobbágy J., Findura P., Janík F. (2014): Effect of irrigation machines on soil compaction. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60, S1-S8  https://doi.org/10.17221/26/2013-RAE
Keller J., Bliesner R.D. (1990): Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation. AVI Book. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
D. C. Kincaid , K. H. Solomon , J. C. Oliphant (1996): Drop Size Distributions for Irrigation Sprinklers. Transactions of the ASAE, 39, 839-845  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.27568
Li Jiusheng (1998): Modeling crop yield as affected by uniformity of sprinkler irrigation system. Agricultural Water Management, 38, 135-146  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(98)00055-9
Li Yongchong, Bai Geng, Yan Haijun (2015): Development and validation of a modified model to simulate the sprinkler water distribution. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 111, 38-47  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2014.12.003
Li Jiusheng, Rao Minjie (2000): Sprinkler water distributions as affected by winter wheat canopy. Irrigation Science, 20, 29-35  https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00006715
Li Jiusheng, Rao Minjie (2003): Field evaluation of crop yield as affected by nonuniformity of sprinkler-applied water and fertilizers. Agricultural Water Management, 59, 1-13  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(02)00123-3
LÜ Guo-hua, SONG Ji-qing, BAI Wen-bo, WU Yong-feng, LIU Yuan, KANG Yao-hu (2015): Effects of different irrigation methods on micro-environments and root distribution in winter wheat fields. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 14, 1658-1672  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(14)60927-8
Lovarelli Daniela, Bacenetti Jacopo, Fiala Marco (2016): Water Footprint of crop productions: A review. Science of The Total Environment, 548-549, 236-251  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.022
Maroufpoor E., Faryabi A., Ghamarnia H., Moshrefi G.Y. (2010): Evaluation of Uniformity Coefficients for Sprinkler Irrigation Systems under Different Field Conditions in Kurdistan Province (Northwest of Iran). Soil & Water Research, 5: 139–145.
Mueller Nathaniel D., Gerber James S., Johnston Matt, Ray Deepak K., Ramankutty Navin, Foley Jonathan A. (2012): Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature, 490, 254-257  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11420
Oehler T. (1932): Die Wasserverteilung bei natürlichen und künstlicher Regen. Heft 30 der BKTL-Schriften „Die Feldberegnung“, Berlin. (in German)
Oehler T. (1933): Die Gleichmässigkeit der Wasserverteilung durch Drehstrahlregner. Die Feld. Beregnung, Heft 38 der RKTL – Schriften, Berlin, 1933 (in German).
Okenka I., Simoník J., Látečka M. (2000): Modelling of the process of mechanized sprinkling irrigation. Vesci Akademii agrarnych navuk Belarusi, 2: 62–64.
Rajan Nithya, Maas Stephan, Kellison Rick, Dollar Monty, Cui Song, Sharma Sumit, Attia Ahmed (2015): Emitter Uniformity and Application Efficiency for Centre- Pivot Irrigation Systems. Irrigation and Drainage, 64, 353-361  https://doi.org/10.1002/ird.1878
Rezende R., Gonçalves A.C.A., Frizzone J.A., Folegatti M.V., Muniz J.A. (2000): NON-UNIFORMITY CONVENTIONAL SPRINKLER IRRIGATION EFFECTS ON BEAN YIELD. Acta Horticulturae, , 853-865  https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.537.102
Ken Solomon (1979): Variability of Sprinkler Coefficient of Uniformity Test Results. Transactions of the ASAE, 22, 1078-1080  https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.35159
Statistical Analysis System (SAS) (2003): SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Version 8.02, SAS Institute, Inc., Cary.
Staebner F.E. (1931): Test of Spray Irrigation Equipment. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington: 1–29.
Stoate C., Báldi A., Beja P., Boatman N.D., Herzon I., van Doorn A., de Snoo G.R., Rakosy L., Ramwell C. (2009): Ecological impacts of early 21st century agricultural change in Europe – A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 22-46  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.07.005
Temizel K.E. (2016): Mapping of some soil properties due to precision irrigation in agriculture. Agronomy Research, 14: 959–966.
. Ramazan Topak, . Sinan Suheri, . Nizamettin Ciftci, . Bilal Acar (2005): Performance Evaluation of Sprinkler Irrigation in a Semi-arid Area. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8, 97-103  https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2005.97.103
Tomášik L., Jobbágy J. (2013): Optimization of Irrigation Spray Distribution in the Term of its Uniformity. AGRIS online Papers in Economics and Informatics, 5: 103–109.
Voight D. (1962): Die Beurteilung der Wasserverteilung bei Drehstrahlregnern. Deutsche Agrartechnik, 12: 264–266.
Wilcox J.C. Swailes G.E. (1947): Uniformity of water distribution by some under tree orchard sprinkler. Journal of Scientific Agriculture, 27: 565–583.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti