The effect of a pulsed low-frequency magnetic field on the seed germination and the growth of seedlings of strawberry garden under different conditions of processing and functioning of the apparatus magnetic-pulse processing of plants (MPP) developed by us has been established experimentally. The research has shown that the value of the germination energy of seeds treated with a pulsed magnetic field varied from 29 to 47 percent, of germination from 34 to 48 percent. The highest value of their germination corresponds to an irradiation frequency of 16 Hz and an exposure time of 360 seconds with an induction value in the treatment zone of 5 mT. The maximum increment in the germination of irradiated seeds was 14 percent compared to the control sample. The positive effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields on linear dimensions of germs has been revealed. The increase in the biometric parameters of strawberry shoots affected their weight, compared to the control it increased by 33.3 percent.
physical impact; presowing seed irradiation; electromagnetic field; horticulture
AUDUS L. J. (1960): Magnetotropism: A New Plant-Growth Response. Nature, 185, 132-134 https://doi.org/10.1038/185132a0
Avdeeva V.N. (2008): Application of electrophysical methods in the process of predetermined processing of wheat seeds. Stavropol’.
Carbonell M.V., Martinez E., Florez M. (1998): Biological effects of stationary magnetic field in thistle. Zemes ukio inzinerija, 30: 71–80.
Chao L., Walker D.R. (1967): Effect of magnetic field on germination on apple, apricot and peach seed. HortSci, 2: 152–153.
Donetskikh V.I., Upadyshev M.T., Petrova A.D., Metlitskaya K.D., Selivanov V.G. (2017): Application of AMIS-8 apparatus to combat viruses when preparing planting stock of fruit crops. Machinery and Equipment for Rural Area, 11: 16–23.
Esitken A., Turan M. (2004): Alternating magnetic field effects on yield and plant nutrient element composition of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv. Camarosa). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, 54: 135–139.
Galland Paul, Pazur Alexander (2005): Magnetoreception in plants. Journal of Plant Research, 118, 371-389 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-005-0246-y
Khort D. O., Filippov P. A., Kutyrev A. I. (2017): Model-based analysis of construction design of technological adapter for magnetic-pulse processing of plants in horticulture. Agricultural machinery and technologies, , 29-34 https://doi.org/10.22314/2073-7599-2017-3-29-34
Ljubimov V.V. (1997): Biotropism of Natural and Artificially Created Electromagnetic Fields. Moscow, Izmiran.
Reinke J. (1876): Untersuchungen der Wachstrum. Botan. Ztg. 34, 129. In: Barnothy M.F. (ed.): Biological Effect on Magnetic Fields. Plenum Press: 183–195.
Tolomei G. (1893): Anzione del magnetismo sulla germinazione. Malpighia. Biological Effect on Magnetics Fields. Springer.