Quality of the seed placing in seeding of sugar beet
J. Páltik, L. Nozdrovický, P. Findura, J. Magahttps://doi.org/10.17221/4899-RAECitation:Páltik J., Nozdrovický L., Findura P., Maga J. (2005): Quality of the seed placing in seeding of sugar beet. Res. Agr. Eng., 51: 33-38.
Evaluation of the quality of the sugar beet seeding in field condition is considered. Field experiments were conducted with the set of single seed drills (precision drills) in accordance with the international standard ISO 7256/1. The variability of plant spacing in the row and seeding depth were evaluated. The attention has been payed also to the soil condition and to properties of seeding material, which has been used. For the measuring of seeding depth the inductive and ultrasound sensor were used. According to the results obtained significant differences were observed among the precision drills, which were involved in field experiments. The variability of emerged plants was evaluated by standard deviation (δ) and best results were reached with precision drill Monopill S (δ = 17.8 mm) and the worst results precision drill Magicsem 4000 (δ = 44.0 mm). In general, precision drills with internal filling of gathering openings (Monopill S, Meca 2000 and others) allowed to obtain higher work quality when machine was moved at optimal forward speed and not at minimal forward speed. As far as seeding depth variability concerns, all tested precision drills caused the decreasing of the seeding depth by 10–15%, when increased forward speed was used. For all tested precision drills the lowest seeding depth variability was observed at the forward speed of 1.65–1.73 m/s (standard deviation δ = 5.08–7.69 mm).Keywords:
sugar beet; seeding; precision drills; plant spacing; seeding depth