Effects of soil cover and protective measures on reducing runoff and soil loss under artificial rainfall

https://doi.org/10.17221/137/2014-SWRCitation:Zhang Y., Feng M.M., Yang J.Y., Zhao T.N., Wu H.L., Shi C.Q., Shen Y. (2015): Effects of soil cover and protective measures on reducing runoff and soil loss under artificial rainfall. Soil & Water Res., 10: 198-205.
download PDF
The hazards from wind, sand, and soil erosion caused by human activities, such as residue slopes in abandoned urban mines, have resulted in a vicious circle of environmental degradation. Selecting the optimal protective engineering method in mountainous areas has become a major difficulty in recent years, and the primary goal of our research is to accelerate the process of ecosystem reconstruction to maintain water and soil quality. In this study, cover soil of 10, 20, and 30 cm in depth was spread on the 30° accumulation slopes composed of loose residue from the Huangyuan Quarry, Beijing, and combined with two protection measures: eco-bags and bamboo fences. Runoff and soil loss from the aboveground, soil and residue layers were measured under rainfall intensities of 30, 60 and 120 mm/h generated with a rainfall simulator. The results indicated that both eco-bags and bamboo fences decreased runoff and soil loss. Bamboo fences were better at intercepting water under low runoff, whereas soil loss was more strongly reduced by eco-bags. The analysis also demonstrated that the depth of soil cover had an effect on runoff and soil loss. These findings will enrich the understanding of the effects of human activities on surface mines and provide a scientific basis for the ecological restoration of mines using engineering methods.
Andrews-Speed Philip, Yang Minying, Shen Lei, Cao Shelley (2003): The regulation of China’s township and village coal mines: a study of complexity and ineffectiveness. Journal of Cleaner Production, 11, 185-196  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-6526(02)00038-0
BALACCO Gabriella (2013): The interrill erosion for a sandy loam soil. International Journal of Sediment Research, 28, 329-337  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6279(13)60043-8
Bauer K. (2013): Are preventive and coping measures enough to avoid loss and damage from flooding in Udayapur District, Nepal? International Journal of Global Warming, 5: 433–451.
Beven Keith, Germann Peter (1982): Macropores and water flow in soils. Water Resources Research, 18, 1311-1325  https://doi.org/10.1029/WR018i005p01311
Bhebhe D., Kunguma O., Jordaan A., Majonga H. (2013): A case study of the perceived socio-environmental problems caused by illegal gold mining in Gwanda district, Zimbabwe. Disaster Advances, 6: 70–76.
Bradford J. M., Ferris J. E., Remley P. A. (1987): Interrill Soil Erosion Processes: I. Effect of Surface Sealing on Infiltration, Runoff, and Soil Splash Detachment1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 51, 1566-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1987.03615995005100060029x
Dai ZhiHui, Feng Xinbin, Zhang Chao, Shang Lihai, Qiu Guangle (2013): Assessment of mercury erosion by surface water in Wanshan mercury mining area. Environmental Research, 125, 2-11  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2013.03.014
Duque J.F.Martı́n, Pedraza J, Dı́ez A, Sanz M.A, Carrasco R.M (1998): A geomorphological design for the rehabilitation of an abandoned sand quarry in central Spain. Landscape and Urban Planning, 42, 1-14  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(98)00070-X
Hancock G.R. (2004): The use of landscape evolution models in mining rehabilitation design. Environmental Geology, 46, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-1030-3
Hawke R.M., Price A.G., Bryan R.B. (2006): The effect of initial soil water content and rainfall intensity on near-surface soil hydrologic conductivity: A laboratory investigation. CATENA, 65, 237-246  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2005.11.013
HE Jijun, CAI Qiangguo, LI Guoqiang, WANG Zhongke (2010): Integrated erosion control measures and environmental effects in rocky mountainous areas in northern China. International Journal of Sediment Research, 25, 294-303  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6279(10)60046-7
HSU Chung-li, DAI Shin-yi, CHIANG Shiu-wen, CHAN Chai-yin (2010): Erosion control for mudstone soil with ventilation and watertight resin. International Journal of Sediment Research, 25, 194-201  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6279(10)60038-8
Liu Q.J., Shi Z.H., Yu X.X., Zhang H.Y. (2014): Influence of microtopography, ridge geometry and rainfall intensity on soil erosion induced by contouring failure. Soil and Tillage Research, 136, 1-8  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.09.006
Luo Han, Zhao Tingning, Dong Mei, Gao Jun, Peng Xianfeng, Guo Yu, Wang Zhiming, Liang Chao (2013): Field studies on the effects of three geotextiles on runoff and erosion of road slope in Beijing, China. CATENA, 109, 150-156  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2013.04.004
Mbonimpa M, Aubertin M, Aachib M, Bussière B (2003): Diffusion and consumption of oxygen in unsaturated cover materials. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 40, 916-932  https://doi.org/10.1139/t03-040
O'Kane M, Wilson G W, Barbour S L (1998): Instrumentation and monitoring of an engineered soil cover system for mine waste rock. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 35, 828-846  https://doi.org/10.1139/t98-051
Ferreira da Silva Eduardo, Freire Ávila Paula, Salgueiro Ana Rita, Candeias Carla, Garcia Pereira Henrique (2013): Quantitative–spatial assessment of soil contamination in S. Francisco de Assis due to mining activity of the Panasqueira mine (Portugal). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 7534-7549  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1495-2
Song Qing, Yanful Ernest K. (2010): Effect of channelling on water balance, oxygen diffusion and oxidation rate in mine waste rock with an inclined multilayer soil cover. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 114, 43-63  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2010.03.001
Swanson D A, Barbour S L, Wilson G W, O'Kane M (2003): Soil–atmosphere modelling of an engineered soil cover for acid generating mine waste in a humid, alpine climate. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 40, 276-292  https://doi.org/10.1139/t02-116
Teo James A., Ray Chittaranjan, El-Swaify Samir A. (2006): Screening of polymers on selected Hawaii soils for erosion reduction and particle settling. Hydrological Processes, 20, 109-125  https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.5906
Tong Liyuan, Liu Lian, Yu Qiu (2014): Highway construction across heavily mined ground and steep topography in southern China. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 73, 43-60  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-013-0503-6
Walter M. T., Kim J.-S., Steenhuis T. S., Parlange J.-Y., Heilig A., Braddock R. D., Selker J. S., Boll J. (2000): Funneled flow mechanisms in a sloping layered soil: Laboratory investigation. Water Resources Research, 36, 841-849  https://doi.org/10.1029/1999WR900328
Wang An Hui, He Hong Sheng (2012): The Application of Three Dimensional Drainage Flexible and Ecological Reinforced Construction in High-Speed Railway Station Roadbed. Advanced Materials Research, 594-597, 2025-2029  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.594-597.2025
Wang Q., Gu Z.Y., Zhou L.B. (2011): Discussing on the projection of ecological restoration of acid mine waste rock of Shuilong mountain Dexing copper mine. China Mining Magazine, 20: 64–66. (in Chinese)
Woyshner Mark R., Yanful Ernest K. (1995): Modelling and field measurements of water percolation through an experimental soil cover on mine tailings. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 32, 601-609  https://doi.org/10.1139/t95-062
Zhang Y., Zhao T.N., Shi C.Q., Wu H.L., Li D.X. (2013a): Dynamic research on vegetation recovering in abandoned mine slopes in Beijing mountainous areas. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 27: 61−66. (in Chinese)
Zhang Y., Zhao T.N., Shi C.Q., Wu H.L., Li D.X., Sun Y.K. (2013b): Evaluation of vegetation and soil characteristics during slope vegetation recovery procedure. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 29: 124–131. (in Chinese)
Zhang Yan, Yang Jian-ying, Wu Hai-long, Shi Chang-qing, Zhang Cheng-liang, Li Dan-xiong, Feng Ming-ming (2014): Dynamic changes in soil and vegetation during varying ecological-recovery conditions of abandoned mines in Beijing. Ecological Engineering, 73, 676-683  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.09.113
Zhiguo Zhang, Naiqi Shen, Yingshuang Wang, Yongcheng Li, Yanyan Song, Tao He (2011): Geological Environment Problems and Countermeasures of Shijiaying Mine in Weste|rn Beijing. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 11, 1245-1252  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2011.12.187
Duo Zheng, Jiyuan Zhou, Jinliang Yang, Zhenxue Zhu (2012): Applied Research on the Eco-Bags Structure for the Riverside collapse Slope in Seasonal Frozen Soil Zone. Procedia Engineering, 28, 855-859  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.823
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti