Kinetics of non-exchangeable potassium release in selected soil orders of southern Iran

https://doi.org/10.17221/138/2017-SWRCitation:Zareian G., Farpoor M.H., Hejazi-Mehrizi M., Jafari A. (2018): Kinetics of non-exchangeable potassium release in selected soil orders of southern Iran. Soil & Water Res., 13: 200-207.
download PDF

Non-exchangeable K release can greatly influence soil K fertility. This study was carried out to study the release of non-exchangeable K from 22 surface and subsurface soils of southern Iran using successive extraction with 10 mmol/l of CaCl2 and oxalic acid in a period of 2−1368 h at 25 ± 1°C. Alfisols, Aridisols, Entisols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, and Histosols were among the studied soil orders. Illite, smectite, chlorite, vermiculite, kaolinite and palygorskite clay minerals were identified. The amount of non-exchangeable K varied from 95 to 506 mg/kg. Results showed that CaCl2 and oxalic acid released 60 and 55% of non-exchangeable K from soils, respectively. The discontinuity in slope was found when the cumulative amount of released K was plotted versus time, supporting the multi-reactive nature of K exchange sites. The cumulative K release in soils ranged from 87 to 300 mg/kg for CaCl2 and 78 to 300 mg/kg for oxalic acid which was well described by simplified Elovich and power function equations. The b constant of simplified Elovich as an index of non-exchangeable K release rate was in the range of 10 to 36 mg/kg for CaCl2 and 11 to 36 mg/kg for oxalic acid. The highest b constant was measured in Inceptisols and Alfisols, while the lowest values were found in Entisols and Histosols. In conclusion, the K release pattern was similar for both extractants and affected by clay content and type, and soil depth.

References:
Ajiboye G.A., Ogunwale J.A. (2008): Potassium distribution in the sand, silt and clay separates of soils developed over Talc at Ejibia, Kogi State, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4: 709–716.
 
Chapman H.D. (1965): Cation exchange capacity. In: Black C.A. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 891–901.
 
Gee G.W., Bauder J.W. (1986): Particle-size analysis. In: Page A.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 383–411.
 
HOSSEINPUR A.R., MOTAGHIAN H.R. (2013): Application of Kinetic Models in Describing Soil Potassium Release Characteristics and Their Correlations with Potassium Extracted by Chemical Methods. Pedosphere, 23, 482-492 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(13)60041-7
 
Hosseinpur A.R., Motaghian H.R., Salehi M.H. (2012):   Potassium release kinetics and its correlation with pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) plant indices. Plant, Soil and Environment, 58, 328-333 https://doi.org/10.17221/70/2012-PSE
 
Jackson M.L. (1975): Soil Chemical Analysis: Advanced Course. Madison, Department of Soil, College of Agriculture, University of Wisconsin.
 
Jalali M. (2006): Kinetics of non-exchangeable potassium release and availability in some calcareous soils of western Iran. Geoderma, 135, 63-71 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.11.006
 
Jalali Mohsen, Khanlari Zahra Varasteh (2013): Kinetics of Potassium Release from Calcareous Soils Under Different Land Use. Arid Land Research and Management, 28, 1-13 https://doi.org/10.1080/15324982.2013.799615
 
Johns W.D., Grim R.E., Bradley W.F. (1954): Quantitative estimations of clay minerals by diffraction methods. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 24: 242–251.
 
KITTRICK J. A., HOPE E. W. (1963): A PROCEDURE FOR THE PARTICLE-SIZE SEPARATION OF SOILS FOR X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS. Soil Science, 96, 319-325 https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196311000-00006
 
Loeppert R.H., Suarez D.L. (1996): Carbonate and gypsum. In: Sparks D.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 437–474.
 
Martin H. W., Sparks D. L. (1983): Kinetics of Nonexchangeable Potassium Release from Two Coastal Plain Soils1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 47, 883- https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1983.03615995004700050008x
 
Mc Lean E.O., Watson M.E. (1985). Soil measurements of plant-available potassium. In: Munson R.D. (ed.): Potassium in Agriculture. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 277–308.
 
Najafi-Ghiri M., Abtahi A., Jaberian F., Owliaie H.R. (2010): Relationship between soil potassium forms and mineralogy in highly calcareous soils of southern Iran. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4: 434–441.
 
Ghiri Mahdi Najafi, Abtahi Ali, Hashemi Soheila Sadat, Jaberian Fatemeh (2012): Potassium release from sand, silt and clay fractions in calcareous soils of southern Iran. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 58, 1439-1454 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2011.591384
 
Nelson D.W., Sommers L. (1982): Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Sparks D.L. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy: 539–579.
 
Pratt P.F. (1965): Potassium. In: Black C.A. (ed.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Madison, American Society of Agronomy 1022–1030.
 
Rengel Zed, Damon Paul M. (2008): Crops and genotypes differ in efficiency of potassium uptake and use. Physiologia Plantarum, 133, 624-636 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01079.x
 
Simonsson Magnus, Andersson Stefan, Andrist-Rangel Ylva, Hillier Stephen, Mattsson Lennart, Öborn Ingrid (2007): Potassium release and fixation as a function of fertilizer application rate and soil parent material. Geoderma, 140, 188-198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2007.04.002
 
Simonsson Magnus, Hillier Stephen, Öborn Ingrid (2009): Changes in clay minerals and potassium fixation capacity as a result of release and fixation of potassium in long-term field experiments. Geoderma, 151, 109-120 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.03.018
 
Sparks D.L., Huang P.M. (1985). Physical chemistry of soil potassium. Potassium in Agriculture, 16: 201–276.
 
Srinivasarao Ch., Rupa T. R., Subba Rao A., Ramesh G., Bansal S. K. (2006): Release Kinetics of Nonexchangeable Potassium by Different Extractants from Soils of Varying Mineralogy and Depth. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 37, 473-491 https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620500449351
 
TU Shu-Xin, GUO Zhi-Fen, SUN Jin-He (2007): Effect of Oxalic Acid on Potassium Release from Typical Chinese Soils and Minerals. Pedosphere, 17, 457-466 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(07)60055-1
 
Wang Huo-Yan, Shen Qin-Hua, Zhou Jian-Min, Wang Jing, Du Chang-Wen, Chen Xiao-Qin (2011): Plants use alternative strategies to utilize nonexchangeable potassium in minerals. Plant and Soil, 343, 209-220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-011-0726-x
 
Wani Mushtaq A. (2012): Oxalic Acid Effect on Potassium Release from Typical Rice Soils of Kashmir. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 43, 1136-1148 https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2012.662562
 
download PDF

© 2018 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences