Survey of soil water distribution in a vineyard and implications for subsurface drip irrigation control R., Loiskandl W., Kammerer G., Himmelbauer M.L. (2016): Survey of soil water distribution in a vineyard and implications for subsurface drip irrigation control  . Soil & Water Res., 11: 250-258.
download PDF
Controlling a subsurface drip irrigation system based on soil water monitoring is a very efficient way to supply grapevines with water for optimal thriving and high vintage quality. However, finding an adequate location for sensor installation is a great challenge due to the well-known spatio-temporal variability of soil moisture and possible measurement uncertainties. The variations depend on soil structure, soil hydraulic properties, or plant water uptake, for instance. Subsequently, these factors are influenced by management practices such as soil cultivation or cover cropping. The main objective of this study was to gain experience in order to give recommendations for soil water monitoring in a vineyard in accordance to local management practices. Soil moisture was surveyed across a study plot in a vineyard. A gouge auger was used to obtain soil samples from both sides of two vine rows for determining gravimetric water content. Volumetric soil water content was measured near the vine rows by inserting a portable soil water probe into pre-installed access tubes. Soil water variability was investigated under rain-fed conditions, and before and after a subsurface drip irrigation event. Differences were considered between inter-rows that were frequently tilled and those with permanent crop cover. In the first of two study years the variability of soil water content was small as the soil characteristics were relatively homogeneous across the plot and the atmospheric conditions were rather wet. In the second year the deviations were greater due to the more dynamic outer conditions. The alternating cultivation of every second inter-row had a substantial effect on soil water distribution in both years. Representative monitoring across the entire plot should thus consider all inter-rows with distinct cultivation. However, a more efficient procedure is recommended as a basis for irrigation control, considering the uncertainties caused by spatial variability.
Allen R.G., Pereira L.S., Raes D., Smith M. (1998): Crop Evapotranspiration: Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 56, Rome, FAO.
Ayars J.E., Phene C.J., Hutmacher R.B., Davis K.R., Schoneman R.A., Vail S.S., Mead R.M. (1999): Subsurface drip irrigation of row crops: a review of 15 years of research at the Water Management Research Laboratory. Agricultural Water Management, 42, 1-27
C. R. Camp (1998): SUBSURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION: A REVIEW. Transactions of the ASAE, 41, 1353-1367
Celette Florian, Gaudin Rémi, Gary Christian (2008): Spatial and temporal changes to the water regime of a Mediterranean vineyard due to the adoption of cover cropping. European Journal of Agronomy, 29, 153-162
Dabach Sharon, Shani Uri, Lazarovitch Naftali (2015): Optimal tensiometer placement for high-frequency subsurface drip irrigation management in heterogeneous soils. Agricultural Water Management, 152, 91-98
De la Hera M.L., Romero P., Gomez-Plaza E., Martinez A. (2007): Is partial root-zone drying an effective irrigation technique to improve water use efficiency and fruit quality in field-grown wine grapes under semiarid conditions? Agricultural Water Management, 87: 261–274.
Evett Steven R., Tolk Judy A., Howell Terry A. (2006): Soil Profile Water Content Determination. Vadose Zone Journal, 5, 894-
Evett Steven R., Schwartz Robert C., Tolk Judy A., Howell Terry A. (2009): Soil Profile Water Content Determination: Spatiotemporal Variability of Electromagnetic and Neutron Probe Sensors in Access Tubes. Vadose Zone Journal, 8, 926-
Evett Steven R., Schwartz Robert C., Casanova Joaquin J., Heng Lee K. (2012): Soil water sensing for water balance, ET and WUE. Agricultural Water Management, 104, 1-9
Intrigliolo D.S., Castel J.R. (2008): Effects of irrigation on the performance of grapevine cv. Tempranillo in Requena, Spain. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 59: 30–38.
Intrigliolo D.S., Castel J.R. (2009): Response of Vitis vinifera cv. ‘Tempranillo’ to partial rootzone drying in the field: Water relations, growth, yield and fruit and wine quality. Agricultural Water Management, 96, 282-292
Jury W.A., Gardner W.R., Gardner W.H. (1991): Soil Physics. 5th Ed. New York, John Wiley & Sons.
Kammerer Gerhard, Nolz Reinhard, Rodny Marek, Loiskandl Willibald (2014): Performance of Hydra Probe and MPS-1 Soil Water Sensors in Topsoil Tested in Lab and Field. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 06, 1207-1219
Medrano Hipólito, Tomás Magdalena, Martorell Sebastiá, Escalona José-Mariano, Pou Alicia, Fuentes Sigfredo, Flexas Jaume, Bota Josefina (2015): Improving water use efficiency of vineyards in semi-arid regions. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 35, 499-517
Monteiro Ana, Lopes Carlos M. (2007): Influence of cover crop on water use and performance of vineyard in Mediterranean Portugal. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 121, 336-342
Nolz R., Cepuder P. (2011): Weather data as basis for calculating reference evapotranspiration on an irrigation trial plot within a vineyard. In: Stredova H., Roznovsky J., Litschmann T. (eds): Int. Conf. Microclimate and Mesoclimate of Landscape Structures and Anthropogenic Environment, Skalní Mlýn, Feb 2–4, 2011: 1–6.
Pachepsky Ya. A., Guber A. K., Jacques D. (2005): TEMPORAL PERSISTENCE IN VERTICAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF SOIL MOISTURE CONTENTS. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 69, 347-
R Development Core Team (2008): R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at
Razali N.M., Wah Y.B. (2011): Power comparisons of Shapiro-Wilk, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Lilliefors and Anderson-Darling tests. Journal of Statistical Modeling and Analytics, 2: 21–33.
Ruiz-Sanchez M. C., Domingo R., Castel J. R. (2010): Review. Deficit irrigation in fruit trees and vines in Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8, 5-
Sentek (2001): Calibration of Sentek Soil Moisture Sensors. Manual. Stepney, Sentek Pty, Ltd.
Sentek (2009): Diviner 2000 User Guide version 1.5. Manual. Sentek Pty, Ltd.
Starr G.C. (2005): Assessing temporal stability and spatial variability of soil water patterns with implications for precision water management. Agricultural Water Management, 72, 223-243
Van Leeuwen C., Trégoat O., Choné X., Bois B., Pernet D., Gaudillère J.P. (2009): Vine water status is a key factor in grape ripening and vintage quality for red Bordeaux wine. How can it be assessed for vineyard management purposes? Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 43: 121–134.
Vereecken H., Huisman J. A., Bogena H., Vanderborght J., Vrugt J. A., Hopmans J. W. (2008): On the value of soil moisture measurements in vadose zone hydrology: A review. Water Resources Research, 44, n/a-n/a
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences