Using magnetic susceptibility mapping for assessing soil degradation due to water erosion

https://doi.org/10.17221/233/2015-SWRCitation:Jakšík O., Kodešová R., Kapička A., Klement A., Fér M., Nikodem A. (2016): Using magnetic susceptibility mapping for assessing soil degradation due to water erosion. Soil & Water Res., 11: 105-113.
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This study focused on developing a method for estimating topsoil organic carbon content from measured mass-specific magnetic susceptibility in Chernozems heavily affected by water erosion. The study was performed on a 100 ha area, whereby 202 soil samples were taken. A set of soil samples was divided into 3 subsets: A (32 samples), B (67 samples), and C (103 samples). The mass-specific magnetic susceptibility using low (χlf) and high (χhf) frequency, and organic carbon content were measured at all soil samples. The contents of iron and manganese, extracted with a dithionite-citrate solution (Fed, Mnd) and ammonium oxalate (Feo, Mno), were quantified in A and B samples. Models for predicting organic carbon content from magnetic susceptibilities were designed as follows: (1) subset A was used as the training set for calibration, and subsets B and C were used as the test sets for model validation, either separately (subset B only), or together (merged subsets B and C); (2) merged subsets A and B were used as the training set and subset C was used as the test set. Results showed very close correlations between organic carbon content and all measured soil properties. Obtained models relating organic carbon content to mass-specific magnetic susceptibility successfully predicted soil organic carbon contents.
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