The impact of the conservation tillage “maize into grass cover” on reducing the soil loss due to erosionázková E., Kincl D., Kabelka D., Vopravil J., Nerušil P., Menšík L., Barták V. (2020): The impact of the conservation tillage “maize into grass cover” on reducing the soil loss due to erosion. Soil & Water Res., 15: 158-165.
download PDF

Maize (Zea mays L.) belongs among the most important agriculture crops all over the world. The conventional way of cultivating maize with wide row spacing does not have a soil conservation effect and significantly contributes to water erosion and surface run-off. In our research, we tested the soil conservation technology (strip-till into grass cover) which took place in 2016 and 2017 in the location of Central Bohemia. The impact of a strip-till system of maize into grass cover on reducing the soil loss due to erosion was verified on the area of 21 m2 using a rainfall simulator. During the research, 70 measurements were realised. The strip-till was compared to fallow land, conventional cultivation and no-till methods. Profound differences were found in the soil loss between the treatments. There was a decrease in the soil loss of about 98% in the strip-till compared to the conventional cultivation. Moreover, the surface run-off was reduced by 79%. The ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) models of the log-transformed soil loss on the surface run-off and treatment were highly significant (P < 10–15). The measurement results clearly demonstrate the positive effect of the strip-till into the grass on the surface run-off and soil loss. This positive soil conservation effect was observed even in springtime, as well as the rest of the season. Using a grass cover for establishing the maize significantly contributes to the soil conservation on the land threatened by erosion and offers farmers a suitable way of farming when growing maize. Strip-tilling is a technology that has great potential in sustainable farming.

Bosch D.D., Potter T.L., Truman C.C., Bednarz C.W., Strickland T.C. (2005): Surface runoff and lateral subsurface flow as a response to conservation tillage and soil-water conditions. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 48: 2137–2144.
Brant V., Bečka D., Cihlář P., Fuksa P., Hakl J., Holec J., Chyba J., Jursík M., Kobzová D., Krček V., Koulík M., Kusá H., Novotný I., Pivec J., Prokinová E., Růžek P., Smutný V., Škeříková M., Zábranský P. (2016): Strip Tillage. Prague, Profi Press. (in Czech)
Brant V., Kroulík M., Pivec J., Zábranský P., Hakl J., Holec J., Kvíz Z., Procházka L. (2017): Splash erosion in maize crops under conservation management in combination with shallow strip-tillage before sowing. Soil and Water Research, 12: 106–116.
Cerdan O., Le Bissonnais Y., Couturier A. (2002): Modelling interill erosion in small cultivated catchments. Hydrological Processes, 16: 3215–3226.
Davidová T., Dostál T., David V., Strauss P. (2015): Determining the protective effect of agricultural crops on the soil erosion process using a field rainfall simulator. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61: 109–115.
deMendiburu F. (2017): Agricolae: Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. R Package Version 1.2-8. Available at
Fernández F.G., Sorensen B.A., Villamil M.B. (2015): A comparison of soil properties after five years of no-till and strip-till. Agronomy Journal, 107: 1339–1346.
Fox J., Weisberg S. (2011): An R Companion to Applied Regression. 2nd Ed. Thousand Oaks, Sage.
Janeček M. (2005): Protection of Agricultural Land from Erosion. Prague, Czech University of Life Sciences.
Janeček M., Dostál T., Kozlovsky-Dufková J., Dumbrov-ský M., Hůla J., Kadlec V., Kovář P., Krása T., Kubátová E., Kobzová D., Kudrnáčová M., Novotný I., Podhrázská J., Pražan J., Procházková E., Středová I., Toman F., Vopravil J., Vlasák J. (2012): Erosion Control in the Czech Republic – Handbook. Prague, Czech University of Life Sciences. (in Czech)
Kovář P., Vaššová D., Janeček M. (2012): Surface runoff simulation to mitigate the impact of soil erosion, case study of Třebsín (Czech Republic). Soil and Water Research, 3: 85–96.
Lassu T., Seeger M., Peters P., Keesstra S.D. (2015): The Wageningen rainfall simulator: Set-up and calibration of an indoor nozzle-type rainfall simulator for soil erosion studies. Land Degradation & Development, 26: 604–612.
Ma W., Li Z., Ding K., Huang J., Nie X., Zeng G., Wang S., Liu G. (2014): Effect of soil erosion on dissolved organic carbon redistribution in subtropical red soil under rainfall simulation. Geomorphology, 226: 217–225.
McGregor K.C., Mutchler C.K. (1992): Soil loss from conservation tillage for sorghum. Transactions of ASAE, 35: 1841–1845.
Morgan R.P.C. (2005): Soil Erosion and Conservation. 3rd Ed. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.
Morrison J.E. (2002): Strip tillage for “no–till” row crop production. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 18: 277–284.
Novara A., Gristina L., Saladino S.S., Santoro A., Cerdà A. (2011): Soil erosion assessment on tillage and alternative soil managements in a Sicilian vineyard. Soil and Tillage Research, 117: 140–147.
Prasuhn V. (2012): On-farm effects of tillage and crops on soil erosion measured over 10 years in Switzerland. Soil and Tillage Research, 120: 137–146.
Prosdocimi M., Burguet M., Di Prima S., Sofia G., Terol E., Comino J.R., Cerdà A., Tarolli P. (2017): Rainfall simulation and Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry for the analysis of soil water erosion in Mediterranean vineyards. Science of the Total Environment, 574: 204–215.
R Core Team (2017): A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at
Randall G., Hill P. (2000): Fall strip-tillage systems. In: Reeder R. (ed.): Conservation Tillage Systems and Management. Ames, Midwest Plan Service: 193–199.
Rüttimann M., Schaub D., Prasuhn V., Rüegg W. (1995): Measurement of run-off and soil erosion on regularly cultivated fields in Switzerland – some critical considerations. Catena, 25: 127–139.
Ryken N., Nest T.V., Al-Barri B., Blake W., Taylor A., Bodé S., Ruysschaert G., Boeckx P., Verdoodt A. (2018): Soil erosion rates under different tillage practices in central Belgium: New perspectives from a combined approach of rainfall simulations and 7Be measurements. Soil and Tillage Research, 179: 29–37.
Šarapatka B., Bednář M. (2015): Assessment of potential soil degradation on agricultural land in the Czech Republic. Journal of Environmental Quality, 44: 154–161.
Sundermeier A., Reeder R.C., Hayes W. (2006): Fall Strip Tillage Systems: An Introduction. Ohio State University. Available at
Vogel E., Deumlich D., Kaupenjohann M. (2016): Bioenergy maize and soil erosion – risk assessment and erosion control concepts. Geoderma, 261: 80–92.
Vyn T.J., Raimbult B.A. (1993): Long-term effect of five tillage systems on corn response and soil structure. Agronomy Journal, 85: 1074–1079.
Wendt R.C., Burwell R.E. (1985): Runoff and soil losses for conventional, reduced, and no-till corn. Soil Water Conservation, 40: 450–454.
Wischmeier W.H., Smith D.D. (1965): Predicting Rainfall Erosion Losses from Cropland East of the Rocky Mountains. Agriculture Handbook, Washington, D.C., USDA.
Wischmeier W.H., Smith D.D. (1978): Predicting Rainfall Erosion Losses – a Guide to Conservation Planning. Agriculture Handbook, Washington, D.C., USDA.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti