Humus substances and soil aggregates in the soils with different texture

https://doi.org/10.17221/31/2017-SWRCitation:Tobiašová E., Barančíková G., Gömöryová E., Dębska B., Banach-Szott M. (2018): Humus substances and soil aggregates in the soils with different texture. Soil & Water Res., 13: 44-50.
download PDF

Humus substances (HS) influence the incorporation of carbon into soil aggregates in many ways. In this study the influence of HS and their fractions in the soil on the proportions of carbon (total organic, labile, non-labile) in water-resistant macro-aggregates (WSA) and differences between the amount of carbon in WSA in coarse-grained (CGS) and fine-grained (FGS) soils with dependence on the proportions of HS in the soil were determined. The experiment included three soils (Haplic Chernozem, Haplic Luvisol, Eutric Cambisol), each of them with two different soil textures (CGS, FGS) from four ecosystems (forest, meadow, urban, and agro-ecosystem). In CGS, higher proportions (52 and 50%) of smaller (< 1 mm) dry-sieved macro-aggregates (DSA) and also WSA were determined, while in FGS, higher proportions (51 and 53%) of larger DSA (> 7 mm) and WSA (> 2 mm) were detected. A negative correlation was recorded between the content of organic carbon in the fractions of WSA and the amount of extracted humic acids (HA) in CGS, and fulvic acids (FA) in FGS. In CGS, the correlation between the carbon content in WSA and HA bound with Ca2+ and Mg2+, which forms humates (HA2), was negative. In FGS, a negative correlation was recorded between the carbon content in WSA and free aggressive FA (FA1a) and free FA and those, which are bound with monovalent cations and mobile R2O3 (FA1) in the soil. In the case of FA1a, a negative correlation was recorded in FGS and also in CGS, however this influence was more marked in CGS than in FGS (by about 21% higher correlation). In CGS, the influence of HA and FA in soil on the content of labile carbon in aggregates was stronger than in FGS. In CGS, a higher proportion of carbon in aggregates was detected in the case of lower stability of HS and HA and, on the contrary, in FGS, a higher content of carbon in aggregates was detected in the case of their higher stability.

References:
Baldock J.A, Skjemstad J.O (2000): Role of the soil matrix and minerals in protecting natural organic materials against biological attack. Organic Geochemistry, 31, 697-710  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0146-6380(00)00049-8
 
Bartlová J., Badalíková B., Pospíšilová L., Pokorný E., Šarapatka B. (2016): Water stability of soil aggregates in different systems of tillage. Soil and Water Research, 10, 147-154  https://doi.org/10.17221/132/2014-SWR
 
BATRA L., KUMAR A., MANNA M. C., CHHABRA R. (): MICROBIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL AMELIORATION OF ALKALINE SOIL BY GROWING KARNAL GRASS AND GYPSUM APPLICATION. Experimental Agriculture, 33, 389-397  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479797004067
 
Brady N.C. (1990): The Nature and Properties of Soils. New York, Macmillan Publishing Company.
 
Bronson Kevin F., Zobeck Ted M., Chua Teresita T., Acosta-Martinez Veronica, van Pelt R. Scott, Booker J. D. (2004): Carbon and Nitrogen Pools of Southern High Plains Cropland and Grassland Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 68, 1695-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2004.1695
 
Burke I. C., Yonker C. M., Parton W. J., Cole C. V., Schimel D. S., Flach K. (1989): Texture, Climate, and Cultivation Effects on Soil Organic Matter Content in U.S. Grassland Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 53, 800-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1989.03615995005300030029x
 
Cai Andong, Feng Wenting, Zhang Wenju, Xu Minggang (2016): Climate, soil texture, and soil types affect the contributions of fine-fraction-stabilized carbon to total soil organic carbon in different land uses across China. Journal of Environmental Management, 172, 2-9  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.02.009
 
Creamer Courtney A., Filley Timothy R., Boutton Thomas W. (2013): Long-term incubations of size and density separated soil fractions to inform soil organic carbon decay dynamics. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 57, 496-503  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.09.007
 
Dalal R.C., Bridge B.J. (1996): Aggregation and organic matter storage in sub-humid and semi-arid soils. In: Carter M.R., Stewart B.A. (eds): Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils, Advances in Soil Science. Boca Raton, CRC Lewis Publishers: 263–308.
 
Eusterhues Karin, Rumpel Cornelia, Kleber Markus, Kögel-Knabner Ingrid (2003): Stabilisation of soil organic matter by interactions with minerals as revealed by mineral dissolution and oxidative degradation. Organic Geochemistry, 34, 1591-1600  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2003.08.007
 
Hayes M.H.B., Swift R.S. (1990): Genesis, isolation, composition and structures of soil humic substances. In: de Boodt M.F., Hayes M.H.B., Herbillon A. (eds): Soil Colloids and their Associations in Aggregates. New York, London, Plenum Press: 245–305.
 
Helfrich Mirjam, Ludwig Bernard, Potthoff Martin, Flessa Heiner (2008): Effect of litter quality and soil fungi on macroaggregate dynamics and associated partitioning of litter carbon and nitrogen. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40, 1823-1835  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.03.006
 
IUSS Working Group WRB (2006): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103, Rome, FAO.
 
Jastrow J.D. (1996): Soil aggregate formation and the accrual of particulate and mineral-associated organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 28, 665-676  https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(95)00159-X
 
Jindaluang Wittaya, Kheoruenromne Irb, Suddhiprakarn Anchalee, Singh Bhupinder Pal, Singh Balwant (2013): Influence of soil texture and mineralogy on organic matter content and composition in physically separated fractions soils of Thailand. Geoderma, 195-196, 207-219  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.12.003
 
Karabcová H., Pospíšilová L., Fiala K., Škarpa P., Bjelková M. (2016): Effect of organic fertilizers on soil organic carbon and risk trace elements content in soil under permanent grassland. Soil and Water Research, 10, 228-235  https://doi.org/10.17221/5/2015-SWR
 
Kleber M., Sollins P., Sutton R. (2007): A conceptual model of organo-mineral interactions in soils: self-assembly of organic molecular fragments into zonal structures on mineral surfaces. Biogeochemistry, 85, 9-24  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9103-5
 
Kononova M.M. (1966): Soil Organic Matter. Its Nature, its Role in Soil Formation and in Soil Fertility. Oxford, Pergamon Press, Ltd.
 
Loginov W., Wisniewski W., Gonet S.S., Ciescinska B. (1987): Fractionation of organic carbon based on susceptibility to oxidation. Polish Journal of Soil Science, 20: 47–52.
 
Muneer M, Oades JM (1989): The role of Ca-organic interactions in soil aggregate stability .III. Mechanisms and models. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 27, 411-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9890411
 
Orlov D.S., Grišina L.A. (1981): Practical Work in the Chemistry of Humus. Moskva, IMU. (in Russian)
 
Perminova I.V., Hatfield K., Hertkorn N. (2005): Use of humic substances to remediate polluted environments: From theory to practice. In: Perminova I.V., Hatfield K., Hertkorn N. (eds): Proc. NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Zvenigorod, Sept 23–29, 2002. NATO Science Series: IV. Earth and Environmental Sciences. Springer.
 
Ponomareva V.V., Plotnikova T.A. (1975): Determination of Group and Fraction Composition of Humus According to I.V. Tiurin, the Modification of V.V. Ponomareva and T.A. Plotnikova. Agrochemical Methods of Soil Study. Moskva, Nauka. (in Russian)
 
Sarkar D., Haldar A. (2005): Physical and Chemical Methods in Soil Analysis. Delhi, New Age International, Ltd.
 
Sodhi G.P.S., Beri V., Benbi D.K. (2009): Soil aggregation and distribution of carbon and nitrogen in different fractions under long-term application of compost in rice–wheat system. Soil and Tillage Research, 103, 412-418  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2008.12.005
 
Spaccini R (2002): Increased soil organic carbon sequestration through hydrophobic protection by humic substances. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34, 1839-1851  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00197-9
 
Stevenson F.J. (1994): Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reactions. Extraction, Fractionation, and General Chemical Composition. New York, John Wiley & Sons. Inc.
 
Tan K.H. (2003): Humic Matter in Soil and Environment. Principles and Controversies. New York, Basel, Marcel Dekker, Inc.
 
TISDALL J. M., OADES J. M. (1982): Organic matter and water-stable aggregates in soils. Journal of Soil Science, 33, 141-163  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1982.tb01755.x
 
Tobiašová Erika (2011): The effect of organic matter on the structure of soils of different land uses. Soil and Tillage Research, 114, 183-192  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2011.05.003
 
Van Reeuwijk L.P. (2002): Procedures for Soil Analysis. Wageningen, ISRIC.
 
Vergnoux A., Guiliano M., Di Rocco R., Domeizel M., Théraulaz F., Doumenq P. (2011): Quantitative and mid-infrared changes of humic substances from burned soils. Environmental Research, 111, 205-214  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2010.03.005
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences