Soil structure after 18 years of long-term different tillage systems and fertilisation in Haplic Luvisol

https://doi.org/10.17221/38/2017-SWRCitation:Šimanský V., Lukáč M. (2018): Soil structure after 18 years of long-term different tillage systems and fertilisation in Haplic Luvisol. Soil & Water Res., 13: 140-149.
download PDF

Soil structure is a key determinant of many soil environmental processes and is essential for supporting terrestrial ecosystem productivity. Management of arable soils plays a significant role in forming and maintaining their structure. Between 1994 and 2011, we studied the influence of soil tillage and fertilisation regimes on the stability of soil structure of loamy Haplic Luvisol in a replicated long-term field experiment in the Dolná Malanta locality (Slovakia). Soil samples were repeatedly collected from plots exposed to the following treatments: conventional tillage (CT) and minimum tillage (MT) combined with conventional (NPK) and crop residue-enhanced fertilisation (CR+NPK). MT resulted in an increase of critical soil organic matter content (St) by 7% in comparison with CT. Addition of crop residues and NPK fertilisers significantly increased St values (by 7%) in comparison with NPK-only treatments. Soil tillage and fertilisation did not have any significant impact on other parameters of soil structure such as dry sieving mean weight diameters (MWD), mean weight diameter of water-stable aggregates (MWDWSA), vulnerability coefficient (Kv), stability index of water-stable aggregates (Sw), index of crusting (Ic), contents of water-stable macro- (WSAma) and micro-aggregates (WSAmi). Ic was correlated with organic matter content in all combinations of treatments. Surprisingly, humus quality did not interact with soil management practices to affect soil structure parameters. Higher sums of base cations, CEC and base saturation (Bs) were linked to higher Sw values, however higher values of hydrolytic acidity (Ha) resulted in lower aggregate stability in CT treatments. Higher content of K+ was responsible for higher values of MWDWSA and MWD in CT. In MT, contents of Ca2+, Mg2+ and Na+ were significantly correlated with contents of WSAmi and WSAma. Higher contents of Na+ negatively affected St values and positive correlations were detected between Ca2+, Mg2+ and Na+ and Ic in NPK treatments.

References:
Baldock JA, Aoyama M, Oades JM, Susant o, Grant CD (1994): Structural amelioration of a South Australian red-brown earth using calcium and organic amendments. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 32, 571-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9940571
 
Ball B.C., Munkholm L.J. (2015): Visual Soil Evaluation: Realising Potential Crop Production with Minimum Environmental Impact. Wallingford, CABI.
 
Bartlová J., Badalíková B., Pospíšilová L., Pokorný E., Šarapatka B. (2016): Water stability of soil aggregates in different systems of tillage. Soil and Water Research, 10, 147-154  https://doi.org/10.17221/132/2014-SWR
 
Beare M. H., Hendrix P. F., Cabrera M. L., Coleman D. C. (1994): Aggregate-Protected and Unprotected Organic Matter Pools in Conventional- and No-Tillage Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 58, 787-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1994.03615995005800030021x
 
Bielek P. (2014): Compendium to Practically Oriented Soil Science. Nitra, SUA. (in Slovak)
 
Blanco-Canqui Humberto, Lal Rattan (2004): Mechanisms of Carbon Sequestration in Soil Aggregates. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 23, 481-504  https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680490886842
 
Boix-Fayos C, Calvo-Cases A, Imeson A.C, Soriano-Soto M.D (2001): Influence of soil properties on the aggregation of some Mediterranean soils and the use of aggregate size and stability as land degradation indicators. CATENA, 44, 47-67  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0341-8162(00)00176-4
 
Bronick C.J., Lal R. (2005): Soil structure and management: a review. Geoderma, 124, 3-22  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.03.005
 
Choudhury S.G., Srivastava S., Singh R., Chaudhari S.K., Sharma D.K., Singh S.K., Sarkar D. (2014): Tillage and residue management effects on soil aggregation, organic carbon dynamics and yield attribute in rice–wheat cropping system under reclaimed sodic soil. Soil & Tillage Research, 136: 76–83.
 
Dimoyiannis D. G., Tsadilas C. D., Valmis S. (2008): Factors affecting aggregate instability of Greek agricultural soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 29, 1239-1251  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629809370023
 
Dziadowiec H., Gonet S.S. (1999): Methodical Guide-book for Soil Organic Matter Studies. Warszawa, Polish Society of Soil Science. (in Polish)
 
GOLDBERG SABINE, KAPOOR B. S., RHOADES J. D. (1990): EFFECT OF ALUMINUM AND IRON OXIDES AND ORGANIC MATTER ON FLOCCULATION AND DISPERSION OF ARID ZONE SOILS. Soil Science, 150, 588-593  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199009000-00004
 
Haynes R.J., Naidu R. (1998): Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51: 123–137. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009738307837
 
Hrivňáková K., Makovníková J., Barančíková G., Bezák P., Bezáková Z., Dodok R., Grečo V., Chlpík J., Kobza J., Lištjak M., Mališ J., Píš V., Schlosserová J., Slávik O., Styk J., Širáň M. (2011): Uniform Methods of Soil Analyses. Bratislava, VÚPOP. (in Slovak)
 
Igwe C.A, Akamigbo F.O.R, Mbagwu J.S.C (1999): Chemical and mineralogical properties of soils in southeastern Nigeria in relation to aggregate stability. Geoderma, 92, 111-123  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(99)00029-4
 
Itami Katsuhiko, Kyuma Kazutake (1995): Dispersion behavior of soils from reclaimed lands with poor soil physical properties and their characteristics with special reference to clay mineralogy. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 41, 45-54  https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1995.10419557
 
Kodešová Radka, Němeček Karel, Žigová Anna, Nikodem Antonín, Fér Miroslav (2015): Using dye tracer for visualizing roots impact on soil structure and soil porous system. Biologia, 70, -  https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0166
 
Lal R., Shukla M.K. (2004): Principles of Soil Physics. New York, Marcel Dekker.
 
Marchuk Alla, Rengasamy Pichu, McNeill Ann, Kumar Anupama (2012): Nature of the clay - cation bond affects soil structure as verified by X-ray computed tomography. Soil Research, 50, 638-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR12276
 
Neira José, Ortiz Mauricio, Morales Luis, Acevedo Edmundo (2015): Oxygen diffusion in soils: Understanding the factors and processes needed for modeling. Chilean journal of agricultural research, 75, 35-44  https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392015000300005
 
Nelson P. N., Baldock . A., Oades J. M., Churchman G. J., Clarke P. (1999): Dispersed clay and organic matter in soil: their nature and associations. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 37, 289-  https://doi.org/10.1071/S98076
 
RW Neugschwandtner, Liebhard P., H-P Kaul, Wagentristl H. (2014): Soil chemical properties as affected by tillage and crop rotation in a long-term field experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60, 57-62  https://doi.org/10.17221/879/2013-PSE
 
Oades J. M. (1984): Soil organic matter and structural stability: mechanisms and implications for management. Plant and Soil, 76, 319-337  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02205590
 
Pieri C. (1991): Fertility of Soils: A Future for Farming in the West African Savannah. Berlin, Springer-Verlag.
 
Rajkai Kálmán, Tóth Brigitta, Barna Gyöngyi, Hernádi Hilda, Kocsis Mihály, Makó András (2015): Particle-size and organic matter effects on structure and water retention of soils. Biologia, 70, -  https://doi.org/10.1515/biolog-2015-0176
 
Schacht Karsten, Marschner Bernd (2015): Treated wastewater irrigation effects on soil hydraulic conductivity and aggregate stability of loamy soils in Israel. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 63, -  https://doi.org/10.1515/johh-2015-0010
 
Šimanský V., Tobiašová E. (2012): Organic matter and chemical properties in Haplic Luvisol as affected by tillage and fertilizers intensity. Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica, 15: 52–56.
 
Šimanský V., Polláková N., Jonczak J. (2016a): Is better minimum than standard mouldboard ploughing tillage from viewpoint of the pore-size distribution and soil water retention characteristic changes? Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova, 167: 17–26.
 
Šimanský V., Polláková N., Jonczak J., Jankowski M. (2016b): Which soil tillage is better in terms of the soil organic matter and soil structure changes? Journal of Central European Agriculure, 17: 391–401.
 
Tormena Cassio A., Karlen Douglas L., Logsdon Sally, Cherubin Maurício R. (2016): Visual Soil Structure Effects of Tillage and Corn Stover Harvest in Iowa. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 80, 720-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2015.12.0425
 
Vadjunina A.F., Korchagina Z.A. (1986): Methods of Study of Soil Physical Properties. Moscow, Agropromizdat. (in Russian)
 
Valla M., Kozák J., Ondráček V. (2000): Vulnerability of aggregates separated from selected anthorsols developed on reclaimed dumpsites. Rostlinná Výroba, 46: 563–568.
 
WRB (2014): World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014. International Soil Classification System for Naming Soils and Creating Legends for Soil Maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106, F Rome, AO.
 
Wang Y., Zhang J.H., Zhang Z.H. (2015): Influences of intensive tillage on water-stable aggregate distribution on a steep hillslope. Soil & Tillage Research, 151: 82–92.
 
Whalen Joann K., Chang Chi (2002): Macroaggregate Characteristics in Cultivated Soils after 25 Annual Manure Applications. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66, 1637-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.1637
 
Yilmaz E., Sönmez M. (2017): The role of organic/bio–fertilizer amendment on aggregate stability and organic carbon content in different aggregate scales. Soil & Tillage Research, 168: 118–124.
 
Zhang X.C, Norton L.D (2002): Effect of exchangeable Mg on saturated hydraulic conductivity, disaggregation and clay dispersion of disturbed soils. Journal of Hydrology, 260, 194-205  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00612-6
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences