Biosorption of Cr(VI) from natural groundwater and the effect of DOC-rich treated water on Cr dissolving from contaminated soil
H. Šillerová, A. Vaněk, V. Chrastný, M. Komárekhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3/2015-SWRCitation:Šillerová H., Vaněk A., Chrastný V., Komárek M. (2015): Biosorption of Cr(VI) from natural groundwater and the effect of DOC-rich treated water on Cr dissolving from contaminated soil. Soil & Water Res., 10: 236-243.
Brewers draff and grape waste were used as efficient biosorbents for removing Cr(VI) from contaminated groundwater. Additionally, the interactions between the dissolved organic carbon-rich (DOC-rich) treated water and a soil contaminated with Cr(III) was further studied. The breakthrough curves obtained from column (dynamic) adsorption experiments showed higher adsorption efficiency of grape waste compared to brewers draff. The adsorption efficiency was 36.8–40.4% for brewers draff and 56.6–68.3% for grape waste, depending on the initial pH. The detected saturation time was approximately three times higher than in our previous study, where a model solution of Cr(VI) was used. The natural groundwater showed to be rich in dissolved organic matter after the treatment. The consequent interaction of the treated water with the soil led to a partial dissolution of Cr from the contaminated soil (corresponding to < 1% of total soil Cr) in the case of brewers draff, but also to adsorption of the residual Cr from the treated water to the soil in the case of grape waste. The obtained data demonstrated that Cr(III), when abundant in soils, could be potentially mobilized by the DOC-rich solution. On the other hand, the risk associated with this secondary Cr mobilization and its subsequent migration in soils (or sediments) seems to be very low or even negligible.Keywords:adsorption; biosorbents; chromium; dissolved organic carbon; soilReferences:
Albadarin Ahmad B., Al-Muhtaseb Ala’a H., Al-laqtah Nasir A., Walker Gavin M., Allen Stephen J., Ahmad Mohammad N.M. (2011): Biosorption of toxic chromium from aqueous phase by lignin: mechanism, effect of other metal ions and salts. Chemical Engineering Journal, 169, 20-30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.02.044Calero M., Hernáinz F., Blázquez G., Tenorio G., Martín-Lara M.A. (2009): Study of Cr (III) biosorption in a fixed-bed column. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171, 886-893 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.082Choppala G., Bolan N., Park J.H. (2013): Chapter two – Chromium contamination and its risk management in complex environmental settings. Advances in Agronomy, 120: 129–172.Dupont Laurent, Bouanda Jamila, Dumonceau Jacques, Aplincourt Michel (2005): Biosorption of Cu(II) and Zn(II) onto a lignocellulosic substrate extracted from wheat bran. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 2, 165-168 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-004-0095-2Fiol N., Villaescusa I., Mart�nez M., Miralles N., Poch J., Serarols J. (2003): Biosorption of Cr(VI) using low cost sorbents. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 1, 135-139 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-003-0027-6Gao Hui, Liu Yunguo, Zeng Guangming, Xu Weihua, Li Ting, Xia Wenbin (2008): Characterization of Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions by a surplus agricultural waste—Rice straw. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150, 446-452 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.04.126Gupta V. K., Carrott P. J.M., Ribeiro Carrott M. M.L., Suhas (2009): Low-Cost Adsorbents: Growing Approach to Wastewater Treatment—a Review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 39, 783-842 https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380801977610Han Xu, Wong Yuk Shan, Wong Ming Hung, Tam Nora Fung Yee (2008): Effects of anion species and concentration on the removal of Cr(VI) by a microalgal isolate, Chlorella miniata. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 158, 615-620 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.02.024Kapoor A (): Fungal biosorption -- an alternative treatment option for heavy metal bearing wastewaters: a review. Bioresource Technology, 53, 195-206 https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-8524(95)00072-1Kotaś J., Stasicka Z. (2000): Chromium occurrence in the environment and methods of its speciation. Environmental Pollution, 107, 263-283 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00168-2Leita Liviana, Margon Alja, Pastrello Arnold, Arčon Iztok, Contin Marco, Mosetti Davide (2009): Soil humic acids may favour the persistence of hexavalent chromium in soil. Environmental Pollution, 157, 1862-1866 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.01.020Li Qin, Qian Yan, Cui Hao, Zhang Qiu, Tang Rong, Zhai Jianping (2011): Preparation of poly(aniline-1,8-diaminonaphthalene) and its application as adsorbent for selective removal of Cr(VI) ions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 173, 715-721 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.08.035López-García Marta, Lodeiro Pablo, Barriada José L., Herrero Roberto, Sastre de Vicente Manuel E. (2010): Reduction of Cr (VI) levels in solution using bracken fern biomass: Batch and column studies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 165, 517-523 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.09.058Losi M.E., Amrhein C., Frankenberger W.T. Jr. (1994): Environmental biochemistry of chromium. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 136: 91–121.Miretzky P., Cirelli A. Fernandez (2010): Cr(VI) and Cr(III) removal from aqueous solution by raw and modified lignocellulosic materials: A review. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180, 1-19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.060Mohan Dinesh, Pittman Jr. Charles U. (2006): Activated carbons and low cost adsorbents for remediation of tri- and hexavalent chromium from water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137, 762-811 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.06.060Pujol David, Liu Chang, Fiol Nuria, Olivella M. Àngels, Gominho Jorge, Villaescusa Isabel, Pereira Helena (2013): Chemical characterization of different granulometric fractions of grape stalks waste. Industrial Crops and Products, 50, 494-500 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.07.051Saputro Sulistyo, Yoshimura Kazuhisa, Matsuoka Shiro, Takehara Kô, Narsito , Aizawa Jun, Tennichi Yoshika (2014): Speciation of dissolved chromium and the mechanisms controlling its concentration in natural water. Chemical Geology, 364, 33-41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.11.024Šillerová Hana, Komárek Michael, Chrastný Vladislav, Novák Martin, Vaněk Aleš, Drábek Ondřej (2013): Brewers draff as a new low-cost sorbent for chromium (VI): Comparison with other biosorbents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 396, 227-233 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2013.01.029Šillerová Hana, Chrastný Vladislav, Čadková Eva, Komárek Michael (2014): Isotope fractionation and spectroscopic analysis as an evidence of Cr(VI) reduction during biosorption. Chemosphere, 95, 402-407 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.09.054Sreenivas K.M., Inarkar M.B., Gokhale S.V., Lele S.S. (2014): Re-utilization of ash gourd (Benincasa hispida) peel waste for chromium (VI) biosorption: Equilibrium and column studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2, 455-462 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2014.01.017US EPA (1996): Region III Risk Based Concentration Table. Available at http://www.epa.gov/reg3hwmd/risk/human/rb-concentration_table/Generic_Tables/docs/indair_sl_table_01run_MAY2013.pdf (accessed Mar 5, 2014).US EPA (2014): Toxic and Priority Pollutants List Appendix A to Part 423—126. Available at http://water.epa.gov/scitech/methods/cwa/pollutants.cfm (accessed Apr 12, 2014).Vaněk Aleš, Chrastný Vladislav, Komárek Michael, Galušková Ivana, Drahota Petr, Grygar Tomáš, Tejnecký Václav, Drábek Ondřej (2010): Thallium dynamics in contrasting light sandy soils—Soil vulnerability assessment to anthropogenic contamination. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 173, 717-723 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.144Vassilev Stanislav V., Baxter David, Andersen Lars K., Vassileva Christina G., Morgan Trevor J. (2012): An overview of the organic and inorganic phase composition of biomass. Fuel, 94, 1-33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.09.030Vinodhini V., Das Nilanjana (2010): Packed bed column studies on Cr (VI) removal from tannery wastewater by neem sawdust. Desalination, 264, 9-14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.06.073Yang Lei, Chen J. Paul (2008): Biosorption of hexavalent chromium onto raw and chemically modified Sargassum sp.. Bioresource Technology, 99, 297-307 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.12.021