Losses of soluble forms of organic carbon in relation to different agro-technical treatment of meadows

https://doi.org/10.17221/46/2015-SWRCitation:Burzyńska I. (2016): Losses of soluble forms of organic carbon in relation to different agro-technical treatment of meadows. Soil & Water Res., 11: 228-234.
download PDF
Studies were performed to determine the loss of soluble forms of organic carbon in differently used meadows on mineral soil. In a long-term experiment two variants were distinguished: a productive meadow (N120-AN and N120-CN) and a non-productive one (Kp-AN, Kp-CN, Kz-AN, Kz-CN). Productive meadows were fertilized with 120 kg N/ha/year, 34.9 kg P/ha/year, and 149.4 kg K/ha/year and mown three times a year. Nitrogen fertilization was applied in a form of ammonium nitrate (AN) and calcium nitrate (CN). The only agro-technical measure applied to non-productive meadows was the regular cutting of vegetation and leaving it on the plots (variants:
Kp-AN and Kp-CN) or taking it away from the plots (variants: Kz-AN, Kz-CN). Significant positive Pearson’s linear correlations were found between pH (in CaCl2) of mineral soil and total organic carbon (TOC) content in the following variants: Kz-AN (r = 0.457**), N120-AN (r = 0.491**), and N120-CN (r = 0.424**) and in all meadows fertilized with AN (r = 0.243**). The obtained linear correlation coefficients between pH and TOC indicate that soil organic carbon may be lost as a result of progressive acidification of the soil. Dissolved organic carbon in the mineral meadow soil increased in the following order: Kp-CN > N120-CN > Kz-CN > N120-AN > Kp-AN > Kz-AN.
Bashkin Michael A., Binkley Dan (1998): CHANGES IN SOIL CARBON FOLLOWING AFFORESTATION IN HAWAII. Ecology, 79, 828-833  https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[0828:CISCFA]2.0.CO;2
Breja J.J. (1997): Soil changes following 18 years of protection from grazing in Arizona Chaparral. The Southwestern Naturalist, 42: 478–487.
Burzyńska I. (2004): The relationships between DOC content in the 0.01 mol CaCl2 soil extract and macro- and microelements in ground waters. Water-Environment-Rural Areas, 4: 525–535.
Burzyńska I. (2013): Migration of inorganic components and organic carbon to ground waters at different use of meadows on mineral soils. Water-Environment-Rural Areas, 35: 55–63.
Burzyńska I., Sapek B. (1997): Effect of liming and nitrogen fertilization of grassland soil on the content of total nitrogen and the C/N index. Polish Journal of Soil Science, 30: 69–75.
Clark J.M., Bottrell S.H., Evans C.D., Monteith D.T., Bartlett R., Rose R., Newton R.J., Chapman P.J. (2010): The importance of the relationship between scale and process in understanding long-term DOC dynamics. Science of The Total Environment, 408, 2768-2775  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.02.046
Dębska B., Gonet S. (2002): Effect of crop rotation, manure and nitrogen fertilizers on dissolved organic carbon content in albic luvisol. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 1: 209–216.
Fenner Nathalie, Freeman Chris (2011): Drought-induced carbon loss in peatlands. Nature Geoscience, 4, 895-900  https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1323
Gonet S. (2007): Resource protection of soil organic matter. In: Gonet S., Markiewicz M. (eds): The Organic Matter Role in the Environment. Wroclaw, Polish Society of Humic Substances: 7–50.
Goudling K.W., Murphy D.V., Macdonald A., Stockdale E.A., Gaunt J.L., Blake L., Ayaga G., Brookers P. (2000): The role of soil organic matter and manures in sustainable nutrient cycling. In: Rees R.M., Ball B.C., Campbell C.D., Watson C.A. (eds): Sustainable Management of Soil Organic Matter. London, CAB: 221–232.
Gupta V.S., Germida J.J. (1988): Distribution of microbial biomass and its activity in different soil aggregate size classes as affected by cultivation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 20: 777–786.
Haynes R.J. (2005): Labile organic matter fractions as central components of the indicator of agricultural soils: an overview. Advances in Agronomy, 85: 221–268.
Haynes R.J., Bare M.H. (1996): Aggregation and organic matter storage in meso-thermal, humid soils. In: Carter M.R., Stewart B.A. (eds): Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils. Boca Raton, CRC Lewis Publishers: 213–262.
Houba V. J. G., Novozamsky I., Lexmond Th. M., van der Lee J. J. (1990): Applicability of 0.01 M CaCl 2 as a single extraction solution for the assessment of the nutrient status of soils and other diagnostic purposes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 21, 2281-2290  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629009368380
Jimenez J.J., Lal R. (2006): Mechanisms of C sequestration in soils of Latin America. Critical Reviews in Plants Sciences, 25: 335–365.
Kalbitz K., Solinger S., Park J.-H., Michalzik B., Matzner E. (2000): CONTROLS ON THE DYNAMICS OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN SOILS: A REVIEW. Soil Science, 165, 277-304  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-200004000-00001
Lal R. (2000): Organic carbon and severity of global warming. Education Papers, 6: 22–36.
LARSEN SØREN, ANDERSEN TOM, HESSEN DAG O. (2011): Climate change predicted to cause severe increase of organic carbon in lakes. Global Change Biology, 17, 1186-1192  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02257.x
Lugato Emanuele, Bampa Francesca, Panagos Panos, Montanarella Luca, Jones Arwyn (2014): Potential carbon sequestration of European arable soils estimated by modelling a comprehensive set of management practices. Global Change Biology, , n/a-n/a  https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12551
Lugo Ariel E., Sanchez Mary Jeane, Brown Sandra (1986): Land use and organic carbon content of some subtropical soils. Plant and Soil, 96, 185-196  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374763
Neff Jason C., Asner Gregory P. (2001): Dissolved Organic Carbon in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Synthesis and a Model. Ecosystems, 4, 29-48  https://doi.org/10.1007/s100210000058
Ritson J.P., Graham N.J.D., Templeton M.R., Clark J.M., Gough R., Freeman C. (2014): The impact of climate change on the treatability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in upland water supplies: A UK perspective. Science of The Total Environment, 473-474, 714-730  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.095
Sapek B., Burzyńska I. (1996): Effects of liming on organic carbon content in the mineral soil of a permanent grassland. Polish Journal of Soil Science, 29: 113–120.
Sapek A., Sapek B. (1997): Methods of Chemical Analysis of Organic Soils. Instruction Materials No. 115. Falenty, Institute of Land Reclamation and Grassland Farming (IMUZ).
Scheffer F., Schachtschabel P. (1984): Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde. Stuttgart. Ferdinand Enke Verlag: 41–42.
Schlesinger William H. (1990): Evidence from chronosequence studies for a low carbon-storage potential of soils. Nature, 348, 232-234  https://doi.org/10.1038/348232a0
Schaumann Gabriele E. (2000): Effect of CaCl2 on the kinetics of dissolved organic matter release from a sandy soil?. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 163, 523-529  https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-2624(200010)163:5<523::AID-JPLN523>3.0.CO;2-J
Schilis R.E. (ed.) (2008): ED Review of Existing Information on the Interrelations between Soil and Climate Change (CLIMSOIL) – Final Report. Contract No. 70307/2007/486157. Brussels, European Commission.
Shi Y., Baumann F., Ma Y., Song C., Kühn P., Scholten T., He J.-S. (2012): Organic and inorganic carbon in the topsoil of the Mongolian and Tibetan grasslands: pattern, control and implications. Biogeosciences, 9, 2287-2299  https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-2287-2012
Skalar Methods (2001): Metod Analysis of Dissolved Organic Carbon for Samples of Water and Soil Extract. Breda, Skalar: 1–4.
Veldkamp E. (1994): Organic Carbon Turnover in Three Tropical Soils under Pasture after Deforestation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 58, 175-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1994.03615995005800010025x
Weismeier M., Hübner R.R., Kögel-Knabner I. (2015): Stagnation crop yields: An overlooked risk for the carbon balance of agricultural soils ? Science of the Total Environment, 536: 1045–1051.
Zsolany A. (1996): Dissolved humus in soil waters. In: Piccolo I. (ed.): Humic Substances in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Amsterdam, Elsevier: 171–223.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences