Land use changes and sediment yield on a hilly watershed in Central-East Argentina M.I., Gaspari F.J., Kruse E.E. (2015): Land use changes and sediment yield on a hilly watershed in Central-East Argentina. Soil & Water Res., 10: 189-197.
download PDF
Watershed management strategies need suitable techniques to be available in order to quantify sediment yield, among other relevant issues. The aim of this work was to estimate the sediment yield on a hilly watershed, for two different land use scenarios (years 1966 and 2011) and rainfall events (106 mm and 65.5 mm). The Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation was used to estimate the sediment yield produced by a single rainfall on the watershed of the Belisario Creek, placed south-west of the Buenos Aires province, Argentina. The information was processed using the Geographic Information System Idrisi Taiga®. Modelling the 45-year distant land use scenarios allowed to estimate the high level of degradation that is currently taking place on the watershed. Also, we detected different responses through different areas of the watershed; the same rainfall event in the 2011 land use scenario compared to the 1966 scenario showed a 400% increment in sediment yield in the upper sub-watersheds, together with an almost 100% increment near the sink. Here we propose the urgent need to elaborate a sustainable plan for the watershed of the Belisario Creek, in order to establish action criteria that could help improve natural resources management. The methodology used could be also applied to neighbouring watersheds with similar characteristics in the region.
ABE Takaaki, MIZUGAKI Shigeru, TOYABE Toshihito, MARUYAMA Masahiro, MURAKAMI Yasuhiro, ISHIYA Takashi (2012): High Range Turbidity Monitoring in the Mu and Saru River Basins: All-year Monitoring of Hydrology and Suspended Sediment Transport in 2010. International Journal of Erosion Control Engineering, 5, 70-79
Delgado M.I. (2010): Soil loss modelization in the hilly lands of the Southwest of the Buenos Aires Province. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias UNCuyo, 42: 1–14. (in Spanish, abstract in English)
Delgado M.I. (2012): Hydrologic Behavior on Hilly Environments. Case of Study: Watershed of the Belisario Creek. Province of Buenos Aires. [PhD. Thesis.] Rosario, National University of Rosario, School of Exact Sciences, Engineering and Surveying. (in Spanish, abstract in English)
Delgado M.I., Gaspari F.J. (2010): Geospatial morphometric characterization. Case of study: Belisario Creek, Argentina. Tecnociencia Chihuahua, 4: 154–163. (in Spanish, abstract in English)
Delgado M.I., Gaspari F.J., Senisterra G.E. (2013): Trend of spatio-temporal change for superficial runoff in a hilly watershed. Argentina. Tecnociencia Chihuahua, 7: 99–109. (in Spanish, abstract in English)
Erskine Wayne D, Mahmoudzadeh A, Myers C (2002): Land use effects on sediment yields and soil loss rates in small basins of Triassic sandstone near Sydney, NSW, Australia. CATENA, 49, 271-287
IGM (1979): Topographic Sheet No. 3963-6-1. Buenos Aires, Military Geographic Institute. (in Spanish)
KIM Suk Woo, LEE Jin Ho, CHUN Kun Woo (2008): Recent increases in sediment disasters in response to climate change and land use, and the role of watershed management strategies in Korea. International Journal of Erosion Control Engineering, 1, 44-53
Knight S.S., Locke M.A, Smith S. Jr. (2013): Effects of agricultural conservation practices on oxbow lake watersheds in the Mississippi River alluvial plain. Soil and Water Research, 8: 113–123.
Alejandro Loydi, Distel Roberto A., Zalba Sergio M. (2010): Large Herbivore Grazing and Non-Native Plant Invasions in Montane Grasslands of Central Argentina. Natural Areas Journal, 30, 148-155
Marucci Patricia L., Olivera Nelda L., Brugnoni Lorena I., Sica Maria G., Cubitto Maria Amelia (2011): The occurrence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in bathing water of the Sierra de la Ventana region, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 175, 1-8
Newcombe Charles P., Jensen Jorgen O.T. (1996): Channel Suspended Sediment and Fisheries: A Synthesis for Quantitative Assessment of Risk and Impact. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 16, 693-727<0693:CSSAFA>2.3.CO;2
Noor H., Mirnia S.K., Raiesi M.-B. (2012): Prediction of sediment associated organic matter loss in a Hyrcanian watershed, Iran. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2: 101–104.
Park Ji-Hyung, Inam Edu, Abdullah Mohd Harun, Agustiyani Dwi, Duan Lei, Hoang Thi Thuong, Kim Kyoung-Woong, Kim Sang Don, Nguyen My Hoa, Pekthong Trai, Sao Vibol, Sarjiya Antonius, Savathvong Sianouvong, Sthiannopkao Suthipong, Keith Syers J., Wirojanagud Wanpen (2011): Implications of rainfall variability for seasonality and climate-induced risks concerning surface water quality in East Asia. Journal of Hydrology, 400, 323-332
Pinto S.A.F., García G.J., Lombardi F., Dematte J.A.M. (2004): Geoprocessing techniques in the study of the soil erosion potential on agricultural lands. Revista de Teledetección, 22: 5–12.
Quattrocchio Mirta E., Borromei Ana M., Deschamps Cecilia M., Grill Silvia C., Zavala Carlos A. (2008): Landscape evolution and climate changes in the Late Pleistocene–Holocene, southern Pampa (Argentina): Evidence from palynology, mammals and sedimentology. Quaternary International, 181, 123-138
Rodrigues Capítulo Alberto, Gómez Nora, Giorgi Adonis, Feijoó Claudia (2010): Global changes in pampean lowland streams (Argentina): implications for biodiversity and functioning. Hydrobiologia, 657, 53-70
Rosewell C.J. (1993): Soiloss. A Program to Assist in the Selection of Management Practices to Reduce Erosion. Technical Handbook No. 11, 2nd Ed. Sydney, Soil Conservation Service of New South Wales.
Sadeghi S.H. (2004): Application of MUSLE in prediction of sediment yield in Iranian conditions. In: ISCO 2004, 13th Int. Soil Conservation Organization Conference, Conserving Soil and Water for Society: Sharing Solution, Brisbane, July 4–8, 2004, Paper No. 998: 1–4.
Sadeghi S.H., Mizuyama T., Ghaderi Vangah B. (2007): Conformity of MUSLE estimates and erosion plot data for storm-wise sediment yield estimation. Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 18: 117–128.
SCS USDA (1972): Section 4: Hydrology. National Engineering Handbook, Washington, D.C., Soil Conservation Service.
Smith S. J., Williams J. R., Menzel R. G., Coleman G. A. (1984): Prediction of Sediment Yield from Southern Plains Grasslands with the Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation. Journal of Range Management, 37, 295-
Tramblay Yves, Ouarda Taha B.M.J., St-Hilaire André, Poulin Jimmy (2010): Regional estimation of extreme suspended sediment concentrations using watershed characteristics. Journal of Hydrology, 380, 305-317
Wijitkosum S. (2012): Impacts of land use changes on soil erosion in Pa Deng sub-district, adjacent area of Kaeng Krachan National Park, Thailand. Soil and Water Research, 7: 10–17.
Williams J.R. (1975): Sediment-yield prediction with Universal Equation using runoff energy factor. In: Present and Prospective Technology for Predicting Sediment Yield and Sources. ARS-S40, Washington D.C., USDA: 244–252.
Williams J.R. (1981): Testing the Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation. In: Proc. Workshop Estimating Erosion and Sediment Yield on Rangelands. ARM-W-26, Tuscon, USDA: 157–164.
Wischmeier W.H., Smith D.D. (1960): A universal soil-loss equation to guide conservation farm planning. In: Proc. 7th Int. Congress Soil Science Society, 1: 418–425.
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences