The influence of woven geotextiles on ponding time and overland flow
J. Kořínek, O. Nekardová, P. Kovářhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4/2016-SWRCitation:Kořínek J., Nekardová O., Kovář P. (2016): The influence of woven geotextiles on ponding time and overland flow. Soil & Water Res., 11: 244-249.
Nowadays, both synthetic and natural geotextiles are used to mitigate water erosion processes on hillslopes. Jute and coir are most suitable materials for the production of woven geotextiles. They are used for a variety of purposes – from natural fibre composite building materials to a soil protective agent. They were tested under laboratory conditions, without soil. This enabled us to focus on the reaction of the woven geotextiles to simulated rainfall. ECC 700 (coir), ECC 400 (coir), and ECJ 500 (jute) were tested. The Norton Ladder Rainfall Simulator was selected for spraying. Each simulated rainfall event lasted 15 min. An artificial hillslope with a gradient of 7.2 degrees was used. Jute absorbed water more effectively than both types of coir, and ECC 400 was more effective than ECC 700. The measured values were entered into the KINFIL hydrological model, which confirmed a positive impact of jute on delaying the ponding time and on reducing the total discharge. In practice, it can be suggested that jute prevents drying of the soil better than coir, and thus promotes better vegetation growth. The results also demonstrated that jute material is suitable for erosion control of hillslope surface for a short time (the time of the grass cover reinforcement), because it has good adhesion and reduces the total overland flow in an effective manner.Keywords:
hillslope; jute and coir materials; KINFIL hydrological model; Norton Ladder Rainfall SimulatorReferences:
Álvarez-Mozos J., Abad E., Goñi M., Giménez R., Campo M.A., Díez J., Casalí J., Arive M., Diego I. (2014): Evaluation of erosion control geotextiles on steep slopes. Part 2: Influence on the establishment and growth of vegetation. CATENA, 121, 195-203 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2014.05.015Bhatia S., Rao G., Smith J. (2010): International Practices and Guidance: Natural-Fibre Rolled Erosion Control Products. Scour and Erosion, San Francisco: 231–240.Corbella Stefano, Stretch Derek D. (2012): Geotextile sand filled containers as coastal defence: South African experience. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 35, 120-130 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2012.09.004Defoirdt Nele, Biswas Subhankar, Vriese Linde De, Tran Le Quan Ngoc, Acker Joris Van, Ahsan Qumrul, Gorbatikh Larissa, Vuure Aart Van, Verpoest Ignaas (2010): Assessment of the tensile properties of coir, bamboo and jute fibre. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41, 588-595 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.01.005Fohrer Nicola, Berkenhagen Jörg, Hecker J.-Martin, Rudolph Andrea (1999): Changing soil and surface conditions during rainfall. CATENA, 37, 355-375 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0341-8162(99)00026-0JUTA (2013): JUTENON EC – Technical Data. Dvůr Králové nad Labem, JUTA, a.s. (in Czech)Kašpar M. (2011): Types of geotextiles and their function in building structures. Magazín GEOmail, GEOMAT. Available at: http://www.geomat.cz/chci-vedet-vic/dokumenty-ke-stazeni/ (accessed May 2014). (in Czech)Kořínek J., Kovář P. (2013): Evaluation of the hydraulic parameters of the KINFIL model for surface runoff modelling, case study Třebsín. Vodní hospodářství, 63: 231–234.Kovář P. (1992): Possibilities of design floods assessment using model KINFIL. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 40: 197–220.Kovář P., Hrádek F. (1994): Design flood determination on small catchments using the KINFIL model. In: Seuna P., Gustard A., Arnell N.W., Cole G.A. (eds): FRIEND: Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data. IAHS Publication No. 221, Wallingford, IHAS: 307–313.Kovář P., Vaššová D. (2011): The KINFIL Model Manual. Prague, CULS. (in Czech)Kovář P., Vaššová D., Hrabalíková M. (2011): Mitigation of surface runoff and erosion impacts on catchment by stone hedgerows. Soil and Water Research, 6: 153–164.Lang S.S. (2006): Slow, insidious soil erosion threatens human health and welfare as well as the environment, Cornell study asserts. Chronicle online, Cornell University. Available at: http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/march06/soil.erosion.threat.ssl.html (accessed Jan 2015).Langford R.L., Coleman M.J. (1996): Biodegradable erosion control blankets prove effective on Iowa wildlife refuge. In: Proc. 17th Int. Conf. Erosion Control Association, Seattle, Feb 27–Mar 1, 1996: 13–20.Lekha K.R (2004): Field instrumentation and monitoring of soil erosion in coir geotextile stabilised slopes—A case study. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 22, 399-413 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2003.12.003Meyer L.D., McCune D.L. (1958): Rainfall simulator for runoff plots. Agricultural Engineering, 39: 644–648.L. D. Meyer , W. C. Harmon (1979): Multiple-Intensity Rainfall Simulator for Erosion Research on Row Sideslopes. Transactions of the ASAE, 22, 0100-0103 https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.34973Mitchell D.J., Barton A.P., Fullen M.A., Hocking T.J., Zhi W.B., Yi Z. (): Field studies of the effects of jute geotextiles on runoff and erosion in Shropshire, UK. Soil Use and Management, 19, 182-184 https://doi.org/10.1079/SUM2002165Morgan R.P.C., Rickson R.J. (1995): Slope Stabilization and Erosion Control: A Bioengineering Approach. Cranfield, E&FN Spon.Neibling W.H., Foster Q.R., Nattermann R.A., Nowling J.D., Holbert P.V. (1981): Laboratory and field testing of a programmable plot size rainfall simulator. In: Erosion and Sediment Transport Measurement, Proceedings of the Florence Symposium, June 22–26, 1981. IAHS Publication No. 133, Wallingford, IHAS: 405–414.Oberhagemann Knut, Hossain Md. Makbul (2011): Geotextile bag revetments for large rivers in Bangladesh. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 29, 402-414 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2010.12.003Prasuhn V. (2012): On-farm Effects of Tillage and Crops on Soil Erosion Measured over 10 Years in Switzerland. Zurich, Research Station Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART.Rameš M. (2011): Ecotextiles as a natural solution for protecting surfaces against weeds and erosion. Magazín GEOmail, GEOMAT. Available at: http://www.geomat.cz/chci-vedet-vic/dokumenty-ke-stazeni/ (accessed May 2014). (in Czech)Rickson R.J. (1988): The use of geotextiles in soil erosion control: comparison of performance on two soils. In: Rimwanich S. (ed.): Proc.5th Int. Soil Conservation Conf. Land Conservation for Future Generations, Bangkok, Jan 18–29, 1988: 961–970.Saathoff Fokke, Oumeraci Hocine, Restall Simon (2007): Australian and German experiences on the use of geotextile containers. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 25, 251-263 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2007.02.009Sutherland R.A., Ziegler A.D. (1996): Geotextile effectiveness in reducing interrill runoff and sediment flux. In: Proc. 17th Int. Conf. Erosion Control Association, Seattle, Feb 27–Mar 1, 1996: 393–406.Xu Xianli, Zhang Keli, Kong Yaping, Chen Jiding, Yu Bofu (2006): Effectiveness of erosion control measures along the Qinghai–Tibet highway, Tibetan plateau, China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 11, 302-309 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2006.06.001Yu Yuzhen, Zhang Bingyin, Zhang Jian-Min (2005): Action mechanism of geotextile-reinforced cushion under breakwater on soft ground. Ocean Engineering, 32, 1679-1708 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2005.02.007