Evaluation of field performance of BEST aeolian sediment catcher in sandy-loam soil of arid zone of Turkey

https://doi.org/10.17221/55/2016-SWRCitation:Başaran M., Uzun O., Erpul G. (2017): Evaluation of field performance of BEST aeolian sediment catcher in sandy-loam soil of arid zone of Turkey. Soil & Water Res., 12: 96-105.
download PDF
Field measurement of wind erosion is still a great challenge for researchers. In this study, field performance of a newly designed sediment trap BEST (Basaran and Erpul Sediment Trap) was evaluated for the first time and compared with the commonly used Modified Wilson and Cook (MWAC) traps. Experiments were carried out at the Karapinar Research Station of Konya Soil and Water Resources Institute over the 50 × 50 m tilled sandy loam plot. Three wind erosion events occurred during the experiments. A small amount of sediment was trapped by the MWAC traps only at 0.20 m in all three events, and there were not sufficient sediment measurements at the catch heights to obtain vertical mass flux profiles. On the other hand, BEST was able to catch sufficient amount of sediment at each trap height to calculate soil losses from the experimental fields. Besides, an analysis for particle size characteristics by electron microscopy imagery indicated that almost all of the sediment particles trapped by BEST at any height above 0.60 m were smaller than 100 mm. Hereby, during three erosive wind events a better performance of BEST than of MWAC at comparable catch heights was verified.   
References:
Abali İ., Taysun A., Doğan O., Önmez O., Çanga M. (1986): Wind Erosion Formation and Guide to Actions to be Taken in the Middle Anatolian Region. General Directorate of Rural Services Publication No. 54, Guide No. 9, Ankara: 7–14. (in Turkish)
 
Basaran M., Erpul G., Uzun O., Gabriels D. (2011): Comparative efficiency testing for a newly designed cyclone type sediment trap for wind erosion measurements. Geomorphology, 130, 343-351  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.04.016
 
Burri K., Gromke C., Graf F. (2013): MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI PROTECT THE SOIL FROM WIND EROSION: A WIND TUNNEL STUDY. Land Degradation & Development, 24, 385-392  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.1136
 
Cornelis Wim M., Gabriels Donald (2003): A simple low-cost sand catcher for wind-tunnel simulations. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 28, 1033-1041  https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1023
 
Fryrear D.W. (1986): A field dust sampler. Journal of Soil Water Conservation, 41: 117–120.
 
Goossens D (): Wind tunnel and field calibration of six aeolian dust samplers. Atmospheric Environment, 34, 1043-1057  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00376-3
 
Goossens Dirk, Offer Zvi, London Gary (2000): Wind tunnel and field calibration of five aeolian sand traps. Geomorphology, 35, 233-252  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(00)00041-6
 
Kuntze H., Beinhauer R., Tetzlaff G. (1990): Quantification of Soil Erosion by Wind. [Final Report of the BMFT Project No. 0339058 A, B, C.] Hannover, Institute of Meteorology and Climatology, University of Hannover. (in German)
 
Lozano F.J., Soriano M., Martínez S., Asensio C. (2012): The Influence of blowing soil trapped by shrubs on fertility in Tabernas district (SE Spain). Land Degradation and Development, 24: 422–429.
 
Mendez Mariano J., Funk Roger, Buschiazzo Daniel E. (2011): Field wind erosion measurements with Big Spring Number Eight (BSNE) and Modified Wilson and Cook (MWAC) samplers. Geomorphology, 129, 43-48  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.01.011
 
Nickling W.G., McKenna-Neuman C. (2009): Aeolian sediment transport. In: Parson A.J., Abrahams A.D. (eds): Geomorphology of Desert Environments. 2nd Ed. Berlin, Springer: 517–555.
 
Poortinga Ate, van Minnen Jan, Keijsers Joep, Riksen Michel, Goossens Dirk, Seeger Manuel, Magar Vanesa (2013): Measuring Fast-Temporal Sediment Fluxes with an Analogue Acoustic Sensor: A Wind Tunnel Study. PLoS ONE, 8, e74007-  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074007
 
Soil Survey Staff (2006): Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 10th Ed. Washington, D.C., USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service.
 
Sterk G. (1993): Sahelian Wind Erosion Research Project. Report III. Description and Calibration of Sediment Samplers. Wageningen, Erosion and Soil and Water Conservation Group, Wageningen Agricultural University.
 
Wang X., Wang G., Lang L., Hua T., Wang H. (2013): AEOLIAN TRANSPORT AND SANDY DESERTIFICATION IN SEMIARID CHINA: A WIND TUNNEL APPROACH. Land Degradation & Development, 24, 605-612  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2249
 
Wilson S.J., Cooke R.U. (1980): Wind erosion. In: Kirkby M.J., Morgan. R.P.C. (eds): Soil Erosion. Chichester, John Wiley and Sons: 217–252.
 
Youssef Feras, Erpul Gunay, Bogman Pieter, Cornelis Wim M., Gabriels Donald (2008): Determination of efficiency of Vaseline slide and Wilson and Cooke sediment traps by wind tunnel experiments. Environmental Geology, 55, 741-750  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-007-1027-9
 
Youssef F., Visser S., Karssenberg D., Stroosnijder L., Erpul G. (2009): The use of event basis locally obtained wind erosion model parameters and model validity investigation. In: 1st National Drought and Desertification Symp., Konya, June 16–18, 2009.
 
Youssef F., Visser S., Karssenberg D., Erpul G. (2010): The spatial variation in wind-blown sediment transport in small scales in Karapınar – Turkey. In: Int. Soil Science Congress, Samsun, May 26–28, 2010.
 
Zhang K., Qu J., Han Q., Xie S., Kai K., Niu Q., An Z. (2014): WIND TUNNEL SIMULATION OF WINDBLOWN SAND ALONG CHINA'S QINGHAI-TIBET RAILWAY. Land Degradation & Development, 25, 244-250  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2137
 
Zobeck Ted M., Sterk Geert, Funk Roger, Rajot Jean Louis, Stout John E., Van Pelt R. Scott (2003): Measurement and data analysis methods for field-scale wind erosion studies and model validation. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 28, 1163-1188  https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1033
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences