Soil pollution status of urban soils in St. Petersburg city, North-west of Russia

https://doi.org/10.17221/95/2020-SWRCitation:

Polyakov V., Kozlov A., Suleymanov A., Abakumov E. (2021): Soil pollution status of urban soils in St. Petersburg city, North-west of Russia. Soil & Water Res., 16: 164173.

supplementary materialdownload PDF

The intensive urbanisation of terrestrial environments and industrial activity have an effect on the accumulation of risky metals in the soil and increase the toxicological risk to the terrestrial ecosystems and human health. Ninety-six topsoil samples from of St. Petersburg Russia as the source of the content of seven key risky metals (As, Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cu, Hg) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been investigated. To identify the spatial distribution of the risky metals and PAHs, GIS technologies have been used. Based on the data obtained, interactive maps of urban soil pollution were made. The spatial distribution of seven metals and their metalloids greatly varied from the local anthropic inputs. The results indicate that the highest concentrations of copper, mercury and lead were found in the urban environment. The most polluted areas were located in the city centre and the areas adjacent to industrial zones. The topsoil in this area represents an environmental pollution risk with regards to the elements Cu > Pb > As > Zn > Ni > Hg > Cd. The contents of the risk-type elements in the industrial area were higher than those in other land-use types in the north of city, indicating a considerable risk of metal migration and accumulation to the Neva River, the Gulf of Finland and the groundwater.

References:
Abakumov E.V., Maksimova E.U. (2012): The problem of Alluvial soils of the gulf of Finland. Collected Materials of the First Scientific Conference of SPSU, 1: 9–12.
 
Abakumov E.V., Tomashunas V.M., Lodygin E.D. (2015): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in insular and coastal soils of the Russian Arctic. Eurasian Soil Science, 48: 1300–1305. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229315120029
 
Abakumov E., Shamilishviliy Gl., Yurtaev A. (2017): Soil polychemical contamination on Beliy Island as key background and reference plot for Yamal region. Polish Polar Research, 38: 313–32. https://doi.org/10.1515/popore-2017-0020
 
Abakumov E.V., Pavlova T.A., Dinkelaker N.V., Lemyakina A.U. (2019): Sanitary assessment of the soil cover of the campus of Saint-Petersburg State University. Hygiene and Sanitation, 1: 22–27. https://doi.org/10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-1-22-27
 
Abdel-Shafy H.I., Mansour M.S.M. (2016): A review on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Source, environmental impact, effect on human health and remediation. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 25: 107–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpe.2015.03.011
 
Adama M., Esena R., Fosu-Mensah B. (2016): Heavy metal contamination of soils around a hospital waste incinerator bottom ash dumps site. Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2016: 8926453. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8926453
 
Bi X., Feng X., Yang Y., Qiu G., Li G., Li F., Liu T., Fu Z., Jin Z. (2006): Environmental contamination of heavy metals from zinc smelting areas in Hezhang County, western Guizhou, China. Environment International, 32: 882–890.
 
Bogdanov N.A. (2014): Diagnostics of territories by integral indicators of chemical pollution of soils and soils. Hygiene and Sanitation, 1: 92–97.
 
Cappuyns V., Swennen R. (2007): Classification of alluvial soils according to their potential environmental risk: a case study for Belgian catchments. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 9: 319–328. https://doi.org/10.1039/b616959g
 
Chasovskaya V.V. (2007): Soil Formation on Alluvial Soils in Urban Ecosystems. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Saint-Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg State University.
 
Chen T.-B., Zheng Y.-M., Lei M., Huang Z.-C., Wu H.-T., Chen H., Fan K.-K., Yu K., Wu X., Tian Q.-Z. (2005): Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface soils of urban parks in Beijing, China. Chemosphere, 60: 542–551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.12.072
 
Chernova O.V., Beketskaya O.V. (2011): Permissible and background concentrations of pollutants in environmental regulation (heavy metals and other chemical elements). Eurasian Soil Science, 9: 1102–1113. https://doi.org/10.1134/S106422931109002X
 
Chukov S.N., Lodygin E.D., Gabov D.N., Beznosikov V.A. (2006): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the soils of St. Petersburg. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University, 3: 119–129.
 
Cui Y., Zhu Y.-G., Zhai R., Huang Y., Qiu Y., Liang J. (2005): Exposure to metal mixtures and human health impacts in a contaminated area in Nanning, China. Environment International, 31: 784–790. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2005.05.025
 
Dong R., Jia Z., Li S. (2018): Risk assessment and sources identification of soil heavy metals in a typical county of Chongqing Municipality, Southwest China. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 113: 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2017.10.021
 
Dymov A.A., Kaverin D.A., Gabov D.N. (2013): Properties of soil and soil-like bodies, Vorkuta. Eurasian Soil Science, 2: 240–248. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229313020038
 
Fernandez-Luqueno F., López-Valdez F., Gamero-Melo P., Luna-Suárez S., Aguilera-González E.N., Martínez A.I., García-Guillermo M., Hernández-Martínez G., Herrera-Mendoza R., Álvarez-Garza M.A. (2013): Heavy metal pollution in drinking water – a global risk for human health: A review. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology,7: 567–584.
 
Gabov D.N., Beznosikov V.A., Kondratenko B.M., Bushnev D.A. (2004): Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils. Eurasian Soil Science, 11: 1305–1312.
 
Gabov D.N., Beznosikov V.A., Kondratenko B.M. (2007): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in podzolic and peaty-podzolic-gley soils of background landscapes. Eurasian Soil Science, 3: 282–291.
 
Gennadiev A.N., Kozin I.S., Shurubor E.I., Teplitskaya T.A. (1990): The dynamics of soil pollution with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the identification of the state of soil ecosystems. Eurasian Soil Science, 10: 75–85.
 
Gennadiev A.N., Pikovsky Y.I., Alekseeva T.A., Chernyansky S.S., Kovach R.G. (2004): Forms and factors of accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils with industrial pollution (Moscow region). Eurasian Soil Science, 7: 804–818.
 
Hou D., O’Connor D., Nathanail P., Tian L., Ma Y. (2017): Integrated GIS and multivariate statistical analysis for regional scale assessment of heavy metal soil contamination: A critical review. Environmental Pollution, 231: 1188–1200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.07.021
 
Hu H., Jin Q., Kavan P.A. (2014): Study of heavy metal pollution in china: Current status, pollution-control policies and countermeasures. Sustainability, 6: 5820–5838. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6095820
 
Huot H., Simonnot M.-O., Marion P., Yvon J., De Donato P., Morel J.-L. (2013): Characteristics and potential pedogenetic processes of a Technosol developing on iron industry deposits. Journal of Soils Sediments, 13: 555–568. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-012-0513-1
 
Ji X., Abakumov E., Polyakov V. (2019): Assessments of pollution status and human health risk of heavy metals in permafrost-affected soils and lichens: A case-study in Yamal Peninsula, Russia Arctic. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 25: 2142–2159. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1490887
 
Kapelkina L.P. (1994): Ecological Bases of the Recultivation of Man-made and Urbanized Landscapes in the Forest Zone. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Moscow, Moscow State Forest University.
 
Kapelkina L.P. (2010): Pollutants in soils of megacities. Problems and paradoxes of rationing. Ecology of Urban Areas, 3: 13–19.
 
Khan S., Cao Q., Zheng Y.M. (2008): Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. Environmental Pollution, 152: 686–692. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.06.056
 
Kogut M.B., Schulz E., Galaktionov A.Yu., Titova N.A. (2006): The content and composition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in granulodensimetric fractions of soils in Moscow parks. Eurasian Soil Science, 10: 1182–1189.
 
Kryatov I.A., Tonkopy N.I., Ushakova O.V., Vodyanova M.A. (2012): Modern problems of development of hygienic Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) for soil pollution. Gigiena i Sanitaria, 5: 69–72.
 
Lado L.R., Hengl T., Reuter H.I. (2008): Heavy metals in European soils: A geostatistical analysis of the FOREGS Geochemical database. Geoderma, 148: 189–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.020
 
Li T., Xu C., Pan G., Qin Y., Tang H. (2014): The summarized study of heavy metal pollution in the city soil. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 587–589: 842–848.
 
Liu Y., Xiao T., Baveye P.C., Zhu J., Ning Z., Li H. (2015): Potential health risk in areas with high naturally-occurring cadmium background in southwestern China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 112: 122–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.10.022
 
Lodygin E.D., Chukov S.N., Beznosikov V.A., Gabov D.N. (2008): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the soils of Vasilyevsky Island (St. Petersburg). Eurasian Soil Science, 12: 1494–1500.
 
Mamat Z., Yimit H., Ji R.Z.A., Eziz M. (2014): Source identification and hazardous risk delineation of heavy metal contamination in Yanqi basin, northwest China. Science of the Total Environment, 493: 1098–1111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.087
 
Mulder V.L., De Bruin S., Schaepman M.E., Mayr T.R. (2011): The use of remote sensing in soil and terrain mapping ‒ A review. Geoderma, 162: 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.12.018
 
Qing X., Yutong Z., Shenggao L. (2015): Assessment of heavy metal pollution and human health risk in urban soils of steel industrial city (Anshan), Liaoning, Northeast China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 120: 377–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.06.019
 
Shamilishvily G., Abakumov E., Gabov D. (2018): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in urban soils of an Eastern European megalopolis: Distribution, source identification and cancer risk evaluation. Solid Earth, 9: 1–19. https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-669-2018
 
Suleymanov R., Urazgildin R., Amineva K., Suleymanov A., Abakumov E. (2018): Ecogeochemical assessment of soil cover of the Ufa City, Bashkortostan. In: Vasenev V., Dovletyarova E., Chen Z., Valentini R. (eds.): Megacities 2050: Environmental Consequences of Urbanization: Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Landscape Architecture to Support City Sustainable Development, Moscow, May 23–26, 2016: 57–61.
 
Suleymanov A.R., Suleymanov R.R., Abakumov E.V., Nigmatullin A.F., Khamidullin R.A. (2020): Soil-ecological assessment of the M.I. Kalinin park Ufa City, Russia. In: Vasenev V., Dovletyarova E., Cheng Z., Valentini R., Calfapietra C. (eds.): Green Technologies and Infrastructure to Enhance Urban Ecosystem Services: Proc. Smart and Sustainable Cities Conf. 2018, Moscow, May 23–26, 2018: 18–28.
 
Sun C., Liu J., Wang Y., Sun L., Yu H. (2013): Multivariate and geostatistical analyses of the spatial distribution and sources of heavy metals in agricultural soil in Dehui, Northeast China. Chemosphere, 92: 517–523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.063
 
Ufimtseva M.D., Terekhina N.V., Abakumov E.V. (2011): Physico-chemical characteristics of urban soils of the Central district of St. Petersburg. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University, 4: 85–97.
 
Vodyanitsky Y.N. (1998): Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soils. Soil Institute. Moscow, V.V. Dokuchaeva Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences.
 
Vodyanitsky Y.N. (2010): Formulas for estimating total soil contamination with heavy metals and metalloids. Eurasian Soil Science, 10: 1276–1280.
 
Vodyanitsky Y.N., Yakovlev A.S. (2011): Assessment of soil contamination by the content of heavy metals in the soil profile. Eurasian Soil Science, 44: 297–303. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229311010169
 
Vodyanitsky Y.N., Ladonin D.V., Savichev A.T. (2012): Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals. City, MSU.
 
Wei B., Yang L. (2010): A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China, Microchemical Journal, 94: 99–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2009.09.014
 
Zhang S., Liu Y., Yang Y., Ni X., Arif M., Charles W., Li C. (2020): Trace elements in soils of a typical industrial district in Ningxia, Northwest China: Pollution, source, and risk evaluation. Sustainability, 12: 1868. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051868
 
supplementary materialdownload PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti