Object-oriented Fuzzy Analysis of Remote Sensing Data for Bare Soil Brightness Mapping

https://doi.org/10.17221/6509-SWRCitation:Lukáš Brodský and Luboš B. (2006): Object-oriented Fuzzy Analysis of Remote Sensing Data for Bare Soil Brightness Mapping. Soil & Water Res., 1: 79-84.
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Remote sensing data have an important advantage; the data provide spatially exhaustive sampling of the area of interest instead of having samples of tiny fractions. Vegetation cover is, however, one of the application constraints in soil science. Areas of bare soil can be mapped. These spatially dense data require proper techniques to map identified patterns. The objective of this study was mapping of spatial patterns of bare soil colour brightness in a Landsat 7 satellite image in the study area of Central Bohemia using object-oriented fuzzy analysis. A soil map (1:200 000) was used to associate soil types with the soil brightness in the image. Several approaches to determine membership functions (MF) of the fuzzy rule base were tested. These included a simple manual approach, k-means clustering, a method based on the sample histogram, and one using the probability density function. The method that generally provided the best results for mapping the soil brightness was based on the probability density function with KIA = 0.813. The resulting classification map was finally compared with an existing soil map showing 72.0% agreement of the mapped area. The disagreement of 28.0% was mainly in the areas of Chernozems (69.3%).
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