Relating extent of colluvial soils to topographic derivatives and soil variables in a Luvisol sub-catchment, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic

https://doi.org/10.17221/57/2013-SWRCitation:Zádorová T., Žížala D., Penížek V., Čejková Š. (2014): Relating extent of colluvial soils to topographic derivatives and soil variables in a Luvisol sub-catchment, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Soil & Water Res., 9: 47-57.
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Colluvial soils, resulting from accelerated soil erosion, represent a significant part of the soil cover pattern in agricultural landscapes. Their specific terrain position makes it possible to map them using geostatistics and digital terrain modelling. A study of the relationship between colluvial soil extent and terrain and soil variables was performed at a morphologically diverse study site in a Luvisol soil region in Central Bohemia. Assessment of the specificity of the colluviation process with regard to profile characteristics of Luvisols was another goal of the study. A detailed field survey, statistical analyses, and detailed digital elevation model processing were the main methods utilized in the study. Statistical analysis showed a strong relationship between the occurrence of colluvial soil, various topographic derivatives, and soil organic carbon content. A multiple range test proved that four topographic derivatives significantly distinguish colluvial soil from other soil units and can be then used for colluvial soil delineation. Topographic wetness index was evaluated as the most appropriate terrain predictor. Soil organic carbon content was significantly correlated with five topographic derivatives, most strongly with topographic wetness index (TWI) and plan curvature. Redistribution of the soil material at the study site is intensive but not as significant as in loess regions covered by Chernozem. Soil mass transport is limited mainly to the A horizon; an argic horizon is truncated only at the steepest parts of the slope.
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