Septate gallbladder in a dog with cholecystitis: A case report and literature review

Choi GC, Ko JY, Ong SM, Sur JH, Kang MH (2020): Septate gallbladder in a dog with cholecystitis: A case report and literature review. Vet Med-Czech 65, 451–456.

download PDF

A 5-year-old, Yorkshire terrier was presented due to the acute onset of vomiting and diarrhoea. The imaging studies showed an abnormally separated gallbladder with a thickened wall, a tortuous common bile duct that contained hyperechoic materials. A cholecystectomy was performed because of the failure of the conservative management. The gallbladder was partially divided by a septum and communicated with the cystic duct. Histologically, the dog was diagnosed as having cholecystitis and choledochitis. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first clinical description of a symptomatic septate gallbladder in a dog. Although congenital gallbladder abnormalities are rare in animals, a septate gallbladder can predispose to an inflammatory biliary disease due to the abnormal bile flow.

Allan GS, Dixon RT. Cholecystography in the dog: The choice of contrast media and optimum dose rates. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 1975 May;16(3):98-104.
Boyden EA. The accessory gall-bladder – An embryological and comparative study of aberrant biliary vesicles occurring in man and the domestic mammals. Amer J Anat. 1926 Nov;38(2):177-231.
Causey MW, Miller S, Fernelius CA, Burgess JR, Brown TA, Newton C. Gall bladder duplication: Evaluation, treatment, and classification. J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Feb;45(2): 443-6.
Center SA. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tree. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009 May;39(3):543-98.
Ergin I, Senel OO, Sen Y, Bumin A. Bilobed gallbladder in a cat. Revue Méd Vét. 2013 Oct;164(10):453-6.
Harrison JL, Turek BJ, Brown DC, Bradley C, Callahan Clark J. Cholangitis and cholangiohepatitis in dogs: A descriptive study of 54 cases based on histopathologic diagnosis (2004–2014). J Vet Intern Med. 2018 Jan;32(1):172-80.
Karaca T, Yoldas O, Bilgin BC, Bilgin S, Evcik E, Ozen S. Diagnosis and treatment of multiseptate gallbladder with recurrent abdominal pain. Case Rep Med. 2011;2011:162853.
Kim D, Park S, Kim C, Yoon S, Choi J. Ultrasound-guided transhepatic computed tomography cholecystography in beagle dogs. J Vet Sci. 2019 Jul;20(4):e37.
Lawrence YA, Ruaux CG, Nemanic S, Milovancev M. Characterization, treatment, and outcome of bacterial cholecystitis and bactibilia in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2015 May 1;246(9):982-9.
Mahato NK. Septate gallbladder: Gross and histological perspectives in an uncommon occurrence. Int J Anat Var. 2010 May;3(1):70-2.
Mircean M, Giurgiu G, Scurtu I, Popovici C, Kiss T. Observations regarding the comparative value of ultrasonography and laboratory diagnosis of hepatobiliary diseases in dogs. Bulletin UASVM Veterinary Medicine. 2008;65(2):20-5.
Moentk J, Biller DS. Bilobed gallbladder in a cat: Ultrasonographic appearance. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 1993 Sep;34(5):354-6.
Moores AL, Gregory SP. Duplex gall bladder associated with choledocholithiasis, cholecystitis, gall bladder rupture and septic peritonitis in a cat. J Small Anim Pract. 2007 Jul;48(7):404-9.
Otte CM, Penning LC, Rothuizen J. Feline biliary tree and gallbladder disease: Aetiology, diagnosis and treatment. J Feline Med Surg. 2017 May;19(5):514-28.
Peters LM, Glanemann B, Garden OA, Szladovits B. Cytological findings of 140 bile samples from dogs and cats and associated clinical pathological data. J Vet Intern Med. 2016 Jan-Feb;30(1):123-31.
Tamborini A, Jahns H, McAllister H, Kent A, Harris B, Procoli F, Allenspach K, Hall EJ, Day MJ, Watson PJ, O’Neill EJ. Bacterial cholangitis, cholecystitis, or both in dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2016 Jul;30(4):1046-55.
Woods KS, Brisson BA, Defarges AM, Oblak ML. Congenital duplex gallbladder and biliary mucocele associated with partial hepatic cholestasis and cholelithiasis in a cat. Can Vet J. 2012 Mar;53(3):269-73.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti