Patellar luxation and concomitant cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs – A review

https://doi.org/10.17221/111/2021-VETMEDCitation:

Candela Andrade M, Slunsky P, Klass LG, Brunnberg L (2022): Patellar luxation and concomitant cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs – A review. Vet Med-Czech 67, 163–178.

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A patellar luxation and concomitant cranial cruciate ligament rupture is a common pathology in dogs. Diagnosis is based on clinical evidence of a patellar luxation and stifle joint instability. However, diagnostic imaging is required to assess the number of skeletal deformities and signs of instability. Surgical options include both soft tissue and osseous techniques, although, in most cases, a combination of multiple procedures is necessary to correct the patellar luxation and restore the stifle joint stability. Complication rates are generally low, but can include reluxation and implant-associated complications. This article describes the patellar luxation and cranial cruciate ligament rupture signs in dogs, including the clinical presentation and diagnosis, and discusses current treatment options.

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