Concurrent occurrence of a bovine viral diarrhoea virus type-1 (BVDV-1) infection and Trueperella pyogenes bronchopneumonia in a calf

Eroksuz Y, Abayli H, Yerlikaya Z, Incili CA, Karabulut B, Eroksuz H (2021): Concurrent occurrence of a bovine viral diarrhoea virus type-1 (BVDV-1) infection and Trueperella pyogenes bronchopneumonia in a calf. Vet Med-Czech 66, 167–171.

download PDF

The concurrent occurrence of a bovine viral diarrhoea virus type-1 infection and necrotising-suppurative bronchopneumonia due to Trueperella pyogenes was diagnosed in a 4-month-old male calf. The pulmonary lesions were characterised by necro-suppurative bronchopneumonia with intralesional gram-positive microorganisms. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis (MALDI-TOF MS) also indicated the presence of BVDV type-1 and Trueperella pyogenes agents, respectively. A positive immunoreaction to the BVDV was present in the vascular walls in the lungs, hepatocytes, lymphoid cells in the spleen and lymph nodes, and neurons in the brain. With this case study, the two infections were, to the best of our knowledge, reported concurrently for the first time. It can be assumed that a subclinical BVDV infection might contribute to the occurrence of Trueperella pyogenes infections in calves.

Caswett JL, Williams KJ. Respiratory system. In: Maxie MG, editor. Jubb, Kennedy, and Palmer’s pathology of domestic animals. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. p. 372-8.
Fulton RW, Purdy CW, Confer AW, Saliki JT, Loan RW, Briggs RE, Burge LJ. Bovine viral diarrhea viral infections in feeder calves with respiratory disease: Interactions with Pasteurella spp., parainfluenza-3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus. Can J Vet Res. 2000 Jul;64(3):151-9.
Jeffrey M, Hogg RA. Concurrent bovine virus diarrhoea virus and Campylobacter fetus infection in an aborted bovine fetus. Vet Rec. 1988 Jan 23;122(4):89-90.
Jensen J, Schultz RD. Effect of infection by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in vitro on interleukin-1 activity of bovine monocytes. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1991 Sep;29(3-4):251-65.
Hsu SM, Raine L, Fanger H. The use of antiavidin antibody and avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex in immunoperoxidase technics. Am J Clin Pathol. 1981 Jun;75(6):816-21.
Letellier C, Kerkhofs P, Wellemans G, Vanopdenbosch E. Detection and genotyping of bovine diarrhea virus by reverse transcription-polymerase chain amplification of the 5’ untranslated region. Vet Microbiol. 1999 Jan;64(2-3):155-67.
Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW, Constable PD. Veterinary medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and goats. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. p. 722-72.
Ribeiro MG, Risseti RM, Bolanos CA, Caffaro KA, de Morais AC, Lara GH, Zamprogna TO, Paes AC, Listoni FJ, Franco MM. Trueperella pyogenes multispecies infections in domestic animals: A retrospective study of 144 cases (2002 to 2012). Vet Q. 2015 Jun;35(2):82-7.
Rzewuska M, Kwiecien E, Chrobak-Chmiel D, Kizerwetter-Swida M, Stefanska I, Gierynska M. Pathogenicity and virulence of Trueperella pyogenes: A review. Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Jun 4;20(11):2737.
Wang M, Yan Y, Wang R, Wang L, Zhou H, Li Y, Tang L, Xu Y, Jiang Y, Cui W, Qiao X. Simultaneous detection of bovine rotavirus, bovine parvovirus, and bovine viral diarrhea virus using a gold nanoparticle-assisted PCR assay with a dual-priming oligonucleotide system. Front Microbiol. 2019 Dec 12;10:2884.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti