The case of a five-year-old spayed female French Bulldog with a mass in the right third eyelid is described. Ultrasonography and computed tomography were used to identify this pathological lesion and to visualise its morphology and extent. The mass was removed and submitted for histopathological examination. A final diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the nictitans gland was made. In the discussion we compare the presented case with the available literature. Only limited information is published about this pathology.
canine neoplasia; computed tomography; gland of the third eyelid; orbital neoplasia; retrobulbar space
Betbeze Caroline (2015): Management of Orbital Diseases. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine, 30, 107-117 https://doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2015.07.010
Burk Ronald L. (1992): COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING OF NASAL DISEASE IN 100 DOGS. Veterinary Radiology <html_ent glyph="@amp;" ascii="&"/> Ultrasound, 33, 177-180 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.1992.tb01441.x
Dubielzig Richard R. (1990): Ocular Neoplasia in Small Animals. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 20, 837-848 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(90)50064-9
Headrick Jason F., Bentley Ellison, Dubielzig Richard R. (2004): Canine lobular orbital adenoma: a report of 15 cases with distinctive features. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 7, 47-51 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2004.00323.x
Hendrix D. V. H., Gelatt K. N. (2000): Diagnosis, treatment and outcome of orbital neoplasia in dogs: a retrospective study of 44 cases. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 41, 105-108 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.2000.tb03175.x
Kern TJ (1985): Orbital neoplasia in 23 dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 186, 489–491.
Komaromy AM, Ramsey DT, Render JA, Clark P (1997): Primary adenocarcinoma of the gland of the nictitating membrane in a cat. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 33, 333-336 https://doi.org/10.5326/15473317-33-4-333
Labelle AL, Labelle P (2013): Canine ocular neoplasia: A review. Veterinary Ophthalmology 16 Supplement 1, 3–14.
Miyazaki A., Yonemaru K., Hirata A., Yanai T., Sakai H. (2015): Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Features of Atypical Epithelial Tumours of the Gland of the Third Eyelid in Seven Dogs. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 152, 299-303 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2015.03.001
Taeymans O (2011): Lymph nodes of head and neck. In: Schwarz T, Saunders J (eds): Veterinary Computed Tomography. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford. 171–174.
Wang Fun-In, Ting Chao T., Liu Yi-Shing (2016): Orbital Adenocarcinoma of Lacrimal Gland Origin in a Dog. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 13, 159-161 https://doi.org/10.1177/104063870101300211
Ward DA (1999): Diseases and surgery of the canine nictitating membrane. In: Gelatt KN (ed.): Veterinary Ophthalmology. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 609–618.
Wilcock BP (1993): The eye and ear. In: Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC, Palmer N (eds): Pathology of Domestic Animals. Academic Press, San Diego. 441–529.
Wilcock B, Peiffer Jr R (1988): Adenocarcinoma of the gland of the third eyelid in seven dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 193, 1549–1550.
Zwingenberger A, Taeymans O (2015): Neck. In: Penninck D, d’Anjou MA (eds): Atlas of Small Animal Ultrasonography. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford. 55–80.