A comprehensive study of canine parvoviruses (Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1 and 2) from shelter dogs in Turkey
A total of 150 rectal swab samples were collected from diarrheic dogs from the Sivas Municipal Animal Shelter, Turkey in April 2018. While 127 faecal samples were gathered from adults, 23 samples were collected from puppies. Canine parvovirus type 2 (Carnivore protoparvovirus 1), Canine minute virus (Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1) and Canine bocavirus (Carnivore bocaparvovirus 2) were examined by PCR with three sets of novel primers. Some of the amplicons were subjected to molecular sequencing and molecular analysis. Three faecal (2.36%) samples were found to be positive for Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, five faecal samples (3.94%) were found to be positive for Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1 and three samples (2.36%) were found to be positive for Carnivore bocaparvovirus 2 among 127 adult dogs. On the other hand, 14/23 faecal samples (60.87%) were found to be positive for Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, 8/23 faecal samples (34.78%) were found to be positive for Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1, and 6/23 faecal samples (26.09%) were found to be positive for Carnivore bocaparvovirus 2 from the puppies. Moreover, we detected two distinct clades of Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1 and 2 according to the molecular analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report for the direct detection of Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1 and 2 in Turkey.
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