Recurrent feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia and presumptive eosinophilic cystitis in a domestic short-haired cat: a case report

https://doi.org/10.17221/134/2016-VETMEDCitation:Brloznik M., Faraguna S., Goc M., Svara T. (2017): Recurrent feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia and presumptive eosinophilic cystitis in a domestic short-haired cat: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina, 62: 295-300.
download PDF
This report describes recurrent feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia (FGESF) and eosinophilic cystitis in an 8-year-old domestic short-haired cat. The cat presented with incontinence, pollakiuria, vomiting and weight loss. An abdominal mass was palpated and ultrasonography revealed severe segmental thickening of the jejunal wall with loss of layering. Complete resection of the jejunal mass was performed. The resected mass was composed of branching trabeculae of dense collagen, intermixed with bundles of large fibroblasts and inflammatory cells, which is consistent with FGESF. One year later, a new mass reoccurred in another intestinal segment. Between both FGESF occurrences, mycoplasmas were cultured from urine and fine needle aspiration of the urinary bladder wall showed numerous eosinophils only; therefore, a presumptive diagnosis of eosinophilic cystitis was made. All haematological analyses performed within the one-year period revealed eosinophilia.
References:
Abou N., van Dongen A.M., Houwers D.J. (2006): PCR-based detection reveals no causative role for Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma in feline lower urinary tract disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 116, 246-247  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2006.05.008
 
Bloom Paul B. (2006): Canine and Feline Eosinophilic Skin Diseases. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 36, 141-160  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2005.09.015
 
Brown MB, Stoll M, Maxwell J, Senior DF (1991): Survival of feline mycoplasmas in urine. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 29, 1078–1080.
 
Craig L. E., Hardam E. E., Hertzke D. M., Flatland B., Rohrbach B. W., Moore R. R. (2009): Feline Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Sclerosing Fibroplasia. Veterinary Pathology, 46, 63-70  https://doi.org/10.1354/vp.46-1-63
 
Evason MD, Carr AP (2007): Eosinophilic cystitis in a female German wire-haired pointer. Canadian Veterinary Journal 48, 509–511.
 
Fuentealba IC, Illanes OG (2000): Eosinophilic cystitis in 3 dogs. Canadian Veterinary Journal 41, 130–131.
 
Gelberg H. B. (2010): Urinary Bladder Mass in a Dog. Veterinary Pathology, 47, 181-184  https://doi.org/10.1177/0300985809353176
 
Grau-Roma L., Galindo-Cardiel I., Isidoro-Ayza M., Fernández M., Majó N. (2014): A Case of Feline Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Sclerosing Fibroplasia Associated with Phycomycetes. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 151, 318-321  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.08.005
 
JIANG PENG, WANG CHAOJUN, JIN BAIYE, LIN YIWEI, CHEN SHANWEN (2014): Eosinophilic cystitis in a patient with hypereosinophila syndrome: A case report. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 8, 49-51  https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2014.1706
 
Kojima Katsuaki, Maeda Jun, Mikami Shuji, Yamagishi Hiroyuki, Ide Hiroki, Hattori Seiya, Takahashi Takao, Awazu Midori (2013): Eosinophilic Cystitis Presented as a Manifestation of Hypereosinophilic Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Nephron Extra, 3, 30-35  https://doi.org/10.1159/000346713
 
L'Abee-Lund T. M., Heiene R., Friis N. R., Ahrens P., Sorum H. (2003): Mycoplasma canis and urogenital disease in dogs in Norway. Veterinary Record, 153, 231-235  https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.153.8.231
 
Linton M., Nimmo J. S., Norris J. M., Churcher R., Haynes S., Zoltowska A., Hughes S., Lessels N. S., Wright M., Malik R. (): Feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia: 13 cases and review of an emerging clinical entity. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 17, 392-404  https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X14568170
 
McEwen SA, Valli VE, Hulland TJ (1985): Hypereosinophilic syndrome in cats: a report of three cases. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine 49, 248–253.
 
Munday JS, Martinez AW, Soo M (): A case of feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia mimicking metastatic neoplasia. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 62, 356-360  https://doi.org/10.1080/00480169.2014.933905
 
Ozaki K., Yamagami T., Nomura K., Haritani M., Tsutsumi Y., Narama I. (2003): Abscess-Forming Inflammatory Granulation Tissue with Gram- Positive Cocci and Prominent Eosinophil Infiltration in Cats: Possible Infection of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus. Veterinary Pathology, 40, 283-287  https://doi.org/10.1354/vp.40-3-283
 
OZAKI Kiyokazu, NAKAHARA Yutaka, NARAMA Isao (2008): Polypoid Eosinophilic Cystitis with Pseudosarcomatous Proliferative Tissue in a Dog. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 70, 289-291  https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.70.289
 
David F. Senior, Brown Mary B. (1996): The Role of Mycoplasma Species and Ureaplasma Species in Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 26, 305-308  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(96)50210-X
 
Sihvo Hanna-Kaisa, Simola Outi T. M., Vainionpää Mari H., Syrjä Pernilla E. S. (2011): Pathology in Practice. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 238, 585-587  https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.238.5.585
 
Suzuki Manabu, Onchi Miyako, Ozaki Masakazu (2013): A Case of Feline Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Sclerosing Fibroplasia. Journal of Toxicologic Pathology, 26, 51-53  https://doi.org/10.1293/tox.26.51
 
TAKEUCHI Yoshinori, MATSUURA Shinobu, FUJINO Yasuhito, NAKAJIMA Mayumi, TAKAHASHI Masashi, NAKASHIMA Ko, SAKAI Yusuke, UETSUKA Koji, OHNO Koichi, NAKAYAMA Hiroyuki, TSUJIMOTO Hajime (2008): Hypereosinophilic Syndrome in Two Cats. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 70, 1085-1089  https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.70.1085
 
Ülgen M., Çetin C., Şentürk S., Özel A. E., Özdemir Ü. (2006): Urinary Tract Infections due to Mycoplasma canis in Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 53, 379-382  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0442.2006.00858.x
 
Weissman A., Penninck D., Webster C., Hecht S., Keating J., Craig L. E. (): Ultrasonographic and clinicopathological features of feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia in four cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 15, 148-154  https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X12464224
 
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti