Heat stroke in dogs: Literature review

https://doi.org/10.17221/144/2021-VETMEDCitation:

Caldas GG, Barbosa da Silva DO, Barauna Junior D (2022): Heat stroke in dogs: Literature review. Vet Med-Czech 67, 354–364.

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Heat stroke is a clinical emergency secondary to a severe temperature increase due to the inefficiencies of heat dissipation mechanisms, causing central nervous system dysfunctions, which may lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Heat disturbances can be classified as “classic” or “exertional” ones and several predisposing factors are involved in their development. This review provides a broad approach to the pathophysiological mechanisms of this syndrome, and the diagnostic and treatment methods to facilitate their approach in clinical routine and increase the survival rate of patients.

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