Low-field magnetic resonance imaging of changes after femoral osteosynthesis failure: a case report

https://doi.org/10.17221/145/2016-VETMEDCitation:Glodek J., Adamiak Z., Mieszkowska M., Przeworski A. (2017): Low-field magnetic resonance imaging of changes after femoral osteosynthesis failure: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina, 62: 625-630.
download PDF
We describe here a case study of a 16-month-old female European shorthair cat examined about 6 months after the osteosynthesis of a femoral fracture. Clinical examination revealed a non-weightbearing left limb, pain upon manipulation of the hip joint, complete immobilisation of the stifle joint and muscle atrophy in the left thigh. Low-field magnetic resonance images were acquired in sagittal, transverse and dorsal planes with T1-weighted spin echo, T2-weighted fast spin echo, T1-weighted gradient echo, gradient echo short tau inversion recovery and T1-weighted XBone sequences. Total examination time was 59 min 20 s. The obtained images revealed the presence of osteophytes on the surface of the femoral head, subluxation of the hip joint, atrophy and fatty infiltration of the quadriceps femoris muscle. The symmetry and size of callus in the fracture site were also evaluated. Based on the results of the magnetic resonance imaging exam, the patient was diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis, atrophy and fatty degeneration of the quadriceps femoris muscle with homogeneous and symmetrical distribution of callus in the fracture site. The results of this study confirm the high diagnostic value of low-field magnetic resonance imaging in diagnostics of musculoskeletal injuries in cats.
Adamiak Z., Jaskólska M., Matyjasik H., Pomianowski A., Kwiatkowska M. (2011): Magnetic resonance imaging of selected limb joints in dogs. Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 14, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/v10181-011-0075-y
Baird Debra K., Hathcock John T., Rumph Paul F., Kincaid Steven A., Visco Denise M. (1998): LOW-FIELD MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF THE CANINE STIFLE JOINT: NORMAL ANATOMY. Veterinary Radiology <html_ent glyph="@amp;" ascii="&amp;"/> Ultrasound, 39, 87-97  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.1998.tb01972.x
Clarke S. P., Mellor D., Clements D. N., Gemmill T., Farrell M., Carmichael S., Bennett D. (2005): Prevalence of radiographic signs of degenerative joint disease in a hospital population of cats. Veterinary Record, 157, 793-799  https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.157.25.793
Elsayes Khaled M., Lammle Markus, Shariff Anjum, Totty William G., Habib Ihab F., Rubin David A. (2006): Value of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Muscle Trauma. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology, 35, 206-212  https://doi.org/10.1067/j.cpradiol.2006.06.003
Fuchs Bruno, Weishaupt Dominik, Zanetti Marco, Hodler Juerg, Gerber Christian (1999): Fatty degeneration of the muscles of the rotator cuff: Assessment by computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 8, 599-605  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1058-2746(99)90097-6
Gejo Ryuichi, Kawaguchi Yoshiharu, Kondoh Takashi, Tabuchi Eiichi, Matsui Hisao, Torii Kunio, Ono Taketoshi, Kimura Tomoatsu (2000): Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Histologic Evidence of Postoperative Back Muscle Injury in Rats. Spine, 25, 941-946  https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-200004150-00008
Glodek J, Adamiak Z, Przyborowska P, Zhalniarovich Y (2015): Usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of feline hip joint disorders. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 71, 403–406.
Grierson James (2012): Hips, elbows and Stifles. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 14, 23-30  https://doi.org/10.1177/1098612X11432824
Guillot Martin, Moreau Maxim, d'Anjou Marc-André, Martel-Pelletier Johanne, Pelletier Jean-Pierre, Troncy Eric (2012): Evaluation of Osteoarthritis in Cats: Novel Information from a Pilot Study. Veterinary Surgery, , n/a-n/a  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2012.00976.x
Guillot M., Moreau M., Heit M., Martel-Pelletier J., Pelletier J.-P., Troncy E. (2013): Characterization of osteoarthritis in cats and meloxicam efficacy using objective chronic pain evaluation tools. The Veterinary Journal, 196, 360-367  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.01.009
JURVELIN J., KIVIRANTA I., TAMMI M., HELMINEN J. H. (1986): Softening of Canine Articular Cartilage After Immobilization of the Knee Joint. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, &NA;, 246???252-  https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198606000-00042
Kamath S., Venkatanarasimha N., Walsh M. A., Hughes P. M. (2008): MRI appearance of muscle denervation. Skeletal Radiology, 37, 397-404  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-007-0409-0
KAMISHINA Hiroaki, MIYABAYASHI Takayoshi, CLEMMONS Roger M., FARESE James P., UHL Elizabeth W., SILVER Xeve (2006): High Field (4.7T) Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Feline Hip Joints. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 68, 285-288  https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.68.285
LASCELLES B. DUNCAN X. (2010): Feline Degenerative Joint Disease. Veterinary Surgery, 39, 2-13  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2009.00597.x
Lascelles B. Duncan X., Henry III John B., Brown James, Robertson Ian, Sumrell Andrea Thomson, Simpson Wendy, Wheeler Simon, Hansen Bernie D., Zamprogno Helia, Freire Mila, Pease Anthony (2010): Cross-Sectional Study of the Prevalence of Radiographic Degenerative Joint Disease in Domesticated Cats. Veterinary Surgery, 39, 535-544  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2010.00708.x
Lujan Trevor J, Henderson Chris E, Madey Steven M, Fitzpatrick Dan C, Marsh J Lawrence, Bottlang Michael (2010): Locked Plating of Distal Femur Fractures Leads to Inconsistent and Asymmetric Callus Formation. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 24, 156-162  https://doi.org/10.1097/BOT.0b013e3181be6720
Winkler Tobias, von Roth Philipp, Matziolis Georg, Schumann Maria R, Hahn Sebastian, Strube Patrick, Stoltenburg-Didinger Gisela, Perka Carsten, Duda Georg N, Tohtz Stephan V (2010): Time course of skeletal muscle regeneration after severe trauma. Acta Orthopaedica, 82, 102-111  https://doi.org/10.3109/17453674.2010.539498
Zhalniarovich Y., Adamiak Z., Głodek J., Przyborowska P., Holak P. (2014): Comparison of High Resolution Gradient Echo, XBONE T1, XBONE T2, Spin Echo T1 and 3D SST1 magnetic resonance imaging sequences for imagining the canine elbow. Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 17, -  https://doi.org/10.2478/pjvs-2014-0088
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti