Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Paratyphi B as a disease-causing agent in reptiles in the Czech Republic

https://doi.org/10.17221/174/2016-VETMEDCitation:Bzdil J., Holy O., Toporcak J. (2017): Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Paratyphi B as a disease-causing agent in reptiles in the Czech Republic. Veterinarni Medicina, 62: 410-415.
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The aim of this study was to describe two case studies of reptile disease, in which the primary pathogen was apparently Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Paratyphi B. Pathological examinations, sampling from different organs and cloacal swabs was performed on a dead savannah monitor (Varanus exanthematicus) and a sick green tree python (Chondropython viridis). This material was subjected to culture examination, including selective enrichment using standard methods. Typing was performed using MALDI-TOF and strains were also serologically typified. The utilisation of d-tartrate was confirmed biochemically and also using PCR. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined by the standard disc diffusion method using Mueller-Hinton agar without blood and antibiotic discs. In both cases the detected Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Paratyphi B was positive for d-tartrate and exquisitely susceptible to chloramphenicol, tetracycline, ampicillin, amoxycillin/clavulanic acid, gentamicin, ceftazidime, enrofloxacin and piperacillin.
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