Macromineral and trace element supply in sheep and goats in Austria V., Iwersen M., Drillich M., Wittek T., Tichy A., Mueller A., Krametter-Froetscher R. (2017): Macromineral and trace element supply in sheep and goats in Austria. Veterinarni Medicina, 62: 62-73.
download PDF
The aim of this study was to determine the supply of 25 different macrominerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium) and trace elements (aluminium, arsenic, barium, boron, cadmium, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, lead, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silicon, strontium, sulphur, thallium, tin, titanium, uranium, zinc), and to ascertain the presence of any over- or undersupplies. As a second objective, we undertook a comparison of our results with existing reference values from selected literature and from laboratory analyses, with the aim of classifying the obtained results into the following categories: ‘deficiency’, ‘adequate’ and ‘oversupply’. For the study, 16 sheep and four goat farms located in the Austrian states of Upper Austria (n = 12), Carinthia (n = 6) and Vorarlberg (n = 2) were selected. From every farm, five serum blood samples were obtained by puncturing the vena jugularis to evaluate the macromineral and trace element status in clinically sound female sheep (n = 80; 12 different breeds) and female goats (n = 20; Saanen goats, Boer goats). The animals were kept for dairy farming (milking and/or meat production) or for landscaping. The mean age of both sheep and goats was 3.1 years (sheep: min. 0.5, max. 10; goats: min. 1, max. 5); 44% of the studied animals were lactating and 22% were pregnant at the time of sampling. The serum blood samples were sent to a laboratory and analysed using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. In summary, the supply with macrominerals and trace elements compared with reference values from the laboratory was adequate for As, Ca, Fe and Mg in sheep and for As, Ca, Cu, K, Mg and Se in goats. Although all animals in our study were examined for clinical signs of disease by the local veterinarian, oversupplies in sheep for the elements K and Mo and in goats for Fe as well as undersupplies in sheep and goats for Zn could be found in the serum of the studied animals.
Baumgartner W (ed.) (2009): Clinical Propaedeutics of House Animals and Pets (in German). 7th edn. Parey, Stuttgart. xiv+525 p.
Bhaskaram Padbidri (): Micronutrient Malnutrition, Infection, and Immunity: An Overview. Nutrition Reviews, 60, 40-45
Combs D.K. (1987): Hair Analysis as an Indicator of Mineral Status of Livestock. Journal of Animal Science, 65, 1753-
Combs D. K., Goodrich R. D., Meiske J. C. (1982): Mineral Concentrations in Hair as Indicators of Mineral Status: a Review. Journal of Animal Science, 54, 391-
Fouda TA, Yousself MA, El-Deeb WM (2011): Correlation between zinc deficiency and immune status of sheep. Veterinary Research 4, 50–55.
FRAGA C (2005): Relevance, essentiality and toxicity of trace elements in human health. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 26, 235-244
Haenlein G.F.W., Anke M. (2011): Mineral and trace element research in goats: A review. Small Ruminant Research, 95, 2-19
Hefnawy Abd El Ghany, Tórtora-Pérez J.L. (2010): The importance of selenium and the effects of its deficiency in animal health. Small Ruminant Research, 89, 185-192
Herdt TH, Hoff B (2011): The use of blood analysis to evaluate trace mineral status in ruminant livestock. The Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 27, 255–283.
Hostetler Chris E., Kincaid Ron L., Mirando Mark A. (2003): The role of essential trace elements in embryonic and fetal development in livestock. The Veterinary Journal, 166, 125-139
Humann-Ziehank Esther, Ganter Martin, Hennig-Pauka Isabel, Binder Alfred (2008): Trace mineral status and liver and blood parameters in sheep without mineral supply compared to local roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations. Small Ruminant Research, 75, 185-191
Humann-Ziehank Esther, Tegtmeyer Philip C, Seelig Bjoern, Roehrig Petra, Ganter Martin (2013): Variation of serum selenium concentrations in German sheep flocks and implications for herd health management consultancy. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 55, 82-
Khan Z.I., Hussain A., Ashraf M., Ashraf M.Y., McDowell L.R. (2007): Macromineral status of grazing sheep in a semi-arid region of Pakistan. Small Ruminant Research, 68, 279-284
Kincaid R. L. (2000): Assessment of trace mineral status of ruminants: A review. Journal of Animal Science, 77, 1-
McDowell LR (ed.) (2003): Minerals in Animal and Human Nutrition. 2nd edn. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam. xvi + 644 pp.
Misurova L, Pavlata L, Pechova A, Dvorak R (2009): Selenium metabolism in goats – Maternal transfer of selenium to newborn kids. Veterinarni Medicina 54, 125–130.
Moritz A (ed.) (2014): Clinical Laboratory Diagnostics in Veterinary Medicine (in German). 7th edn. Schattauer, Stuttgart. xxii + 934 pp.
Or ME, Kayar A, Kiziler AR, Parkan C, Gonul R, Bora Barutcu B, Dodurka HAT (2005): Determination of levels of some essential (iron, copper, zinc) and toxic (lead, cadmium) metals in the blood of sheep and in samples of water, plants and soil in Northwest Turkey. Veterinarski Arhiv 75, 359–368.
Pavlata L, Chomat M, Pechova A, Misurova L, Dvorak R (2011): Impact of long-term supplementation of zinc and selenium on their content in blood and hair in goats. Veterinarni Medicina 56, 63–74.
Poppenga R. H., Ramsey J., Gonzales B. J., Johnson C. K. (): Reference intervals for mineral concentrations in whole blood and serum of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) in California. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 24, 531-538
Pugh DG, Baird AN (eds) (2012): Sheep and Goat Medicine. 2nd edn. Saunders Elsevier, Maryland Heights. xiv+621 pp.
Radostits OM, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW, Constable PD (eds) (2007): Veterinary Medicine: a Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs, and Goats. 10th edn. Saunders Elsevier, Edinburgh. xxii + 2156 p.
Ramı́rez-Pérez A.H, Buntinx S.E, Rosiles R (2000): Effect of breed and age on the voluntary intake and the micromineral status of non-pregnant sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 37, 231-242
Rankins Jr DL, Pugh DG (2012): Feeding and nutrition. In: Pugh DG, Baird AN (eds): Sheep and Goat Medicine. 2nd edn. Saunders Elsevier, Maryland Heights. 18–49.
Russell KE, Roussel AJ (2007): Evaluation of the Ruminant Serum Chemistry Profile. Veterinary clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice 23, 403–426.
Smith R. M., Marston Late H. R. (1970): Production, absorption, distribution and excretion of vitamin B12 in sheep. British Journal of Nutrition, 24, 857-
Spears Jerry W. (2000): Micronutrients and immune function in cattle. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 59, 587-594
Spears JW (2003): Trace mineral bioavailability in ruminants. The Journal of Nutrition 133, 1506–1509.
Suttle N. (2005): Assessing the needs of sheep for trace elements. In Practice, 27, 474-483
Sykes AR (2007): 53. Deficiency of mineral macro-elements. In: Aitken ID (ed.): Diseases of Sheep. 4th edn. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 363–377.
Yokus Beran, Cakir Dilek Ulker, Kurt Dogan (2004): Effects of Seasonal and Physiological Variations on the Serum Major and Trace Element Levels in Sheep. Biological Trace Element Research, 101, 241-256
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti