Percutaneous endoscopic limited-lumbosacral-dorsal laminectomy in eight dogs – A cadaveric study

https://doi.org/10.17221/33/2020-VETMEDCitation:

Yang SB, Moon HS, Hwang YH, Lee HC, Lee D, Lee JH (2021): Percutaneous endoscopic limited-lumbosacral-dorsal laminectomy in eight dogs – A cadaveric study. Vet Med-Czech 66, 279–286.

download PDF

This study aimed to investigate the technical feasibility of a percutaneous endoscopic limited-dorsal laminectomy (PELDL) and to evaluate if the decompression and examination of the lumbosacral vertebral canals could be achieved using an endoscope in small dogs. A total of eight fresh canine cadavers were used for the study. Following the injection of a barium and agarose mixture (BA-gel), which simulates intervertebral disc herniation, a PELDL was performed over L7–S1 in these animals. Computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained pre- and postoperatively to evaluate the surgical outcomes. All the procedures were completed with a clear visualisation of the spinal cord and removal of the BA-gel. The mean surgery time for the PELDL was 30.00 ± 12.01 minutes. In two dogs, iatrogenic nerve root injuries were caused by the surgical instruments during the operation. The CT scans showed that the amount of BA-gel removed was sufficient for a spinal-cord decompression. A PELDL could be used for the BA-gel removal to decompress the spinal cord and provide a clear view of the spinal canal. Therefore, it could be used as an alternative surgical option to treat lumbosacral disc disease in dogs.

References:
Arthurs G. Spinal instability resulting from bilateral mini-hemilaminectomy and pediculectomy. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2009;22(5):422-6. https://doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-08-09-0092
 
Brisson BA. Intervertebral disc disease in dogs. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2010 Sep;40(5):829-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.06.001
 
Carozzo C, Maitre P, Genevois JP, Gabanou PA, Fau D, Viguier E. Endoscope-assisted thoracolumbar lateral corpectomy. Vet Surg. 2011 Aug;40(6):738-42. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2011.00862.x
 
Coates JR. Intervertebral disk disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2000 Jan;30(1):77-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(00)50004-7
 
Danielsson F, Sjostrom L. Surgical treatment of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis in dogs. Vet Surg. 1999 Mar-Apr;28(2):91-8. https://doi.org/10.1053/jvet.1999.0091
 
Dent BT, Fosgate GT, Hettlich BF. Minimally invasive approach to lumbosacral decompression in a cadaveric canine model. N Z Vet J. 2016 Mar;64(2):71-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/00480169.2015.1064042
 
Evans HE, Lahunta A. The nervous system. In: Evans HE, Lahunta A, editors. Guide to the dissection of the dog. 7th ed. St. Louis Missouri, USA: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. p. 236-88.
 
Godde T, Steffen F. Surgical treatment of lumbosacral foraminal stenosis using a lateral approach in twenty dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis. Vet Surg. 2007 Oct;36(7):705-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2007.00324.x
 
Golini L, Kircher PR, Lewis FI, Steffen F. Transarticular fixation with cortical screws combined with dorsal laminectomy and partial discectomy as surgical treatment of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis in 17 dogs: Clinical and computed tomography follow-up. Vet Surg. 2014 May;43(4):405-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12117.x
 
Guevar J, Olby N. Minimally invasive microsurgical decompression of an intervertebral disc protrusion in a dog. Vet Surg. 2020 Jun;49 Suppl 1:O86-O92. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13263
 
Hettlich BF. Minimally invasive spine surgery in small animals. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2018 Jan;48(1):153-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.008
 
Hwang YH, Lee HC, Lee JH. Operative techniques and preliminary outcomes following percutaneous endoscopic thoracolumbar pediculectomy in dogs. Vet Surg. 2016 Nov;45(S1):O84-O94. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12569
 
Li SW, Yin HP, Cao ZH, Bai M, Du ZC, Wang YP. Intertransverse approach microendoscopic discectomy for far lateral lumbar disc herniation. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2014 Sep;27(9):752-5.
 
Lockwood AA, Griffon DJ, Gordon-Evans W, Matheson JA, Barthelemy N, Schaeffer DJ. Comparison of two minimally invasive approaches to the thoracolumbar spinal canal in dogs. Vet Surg. 2014 Feb;43(2):209-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12098.x
 
Moon HS, Hwang YH, Lee HC, Lee JH. Operative techniques of percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy using a uniportal approach in dogs. J Vet Med Sci. 2017 Sep 12;79(9):1532-9. https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.17-0148
 
Saunders H, Worth AJ, Bridges JP, Hartman A. Evaluation of the rostral projection of the sacral lamina as a component of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis in German Shepherd dogs. Vet Surg. 2018 Jul;47(5):654-63. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12899
 
Schick U, Dohnert J, Richter A, Konig A, Vitzthum HE. Microendoscopic lumbar discectomy versus open surgery: An intraoperative EMG study. Eur Spine J. 2002 Feb;11(1):20-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s005860100315
 
Tarvin G, Prata RG. Lumbosacral stenosis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1980 Jul 15;177(2):154-9.
 
Weber BR, Grob D, Dvorak J, Muntener M. Posterior surgical approach to the lumbar spine and its effect on the multifidus muscle. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1997 Aug 1;22(15):1765-72. https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199708010-00017
 
Wheeler SJ. Lumbosacral disease. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1992 Jul;22(4):937-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(92)50085-7
 
Willems N, Kersten R, van Gaalen SM, Oner FC, Strijkers GJ, Veraa S, Beukers M, Tryfonidou MA, Meij BP. Temporary segmental distraction in a dog with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2018 Jul;31(4):298-303. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1639599
 
Wood BC, Lanz OI, Jones JC, Shires PK. Endoscopic-assisted lumbosacral foraminotomy in the dog. Vet Surg. 2004 May-Jun;33(3):221-31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2004.04033.x
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti