Effects of a monensin controlled release capsule on reticulorumen temperature and pH determined using real-time monitoring in fresh dairy cows

https://doi.org/10.17221/47/2018-VETMEDCitation:Televicius M., Juozaitinene V., Malasauskiene D., Rutkauskas A., Antanaitis R. (2019): Effects of a monensin controlled release capsule on reticulorumen temperature and pH determined using real-time monitoring in fresh dairy cows. Veterinarni Medicina, 64: 245-250.
download PDF

Monensin has been shown to decrease mortality and morbidity in feedlot cattle by reducing the incidence of acute and subacute rumen acidosis (SARA). Lately, the technique of real-time observance of reticuloruminal temperature and pH, which involves placement of indwelling pH probes in the reticulum or in the rumen has gained in popularity. In this study, we aimed to determine, using real-time monitoring in fresh dairy cows, how monensin controlled release capsules affect the reticulorumen temperature and pH. We used a slow-release rumen preparation, which emitted daily monensin doses of 335 mg. Following the manufacturer’s instructions, the preparation was administered through an oral balling gun. The following points indicate the method for determining the two experimental groups: (1) monensin-supplemented test group (TG) (a 32.4 g monensin controlled release capsule, MCRC, n = 20) and (2) a control group (CG) (capsule containing no monensin, n = 20). Both began a day after calving, and one month after calving the experiment was finished. A set of smaXtec boluses fabricated for animal care was used to measure the temperature and pH of the reticulorumen. After the first day of the study, a statistically significant difference between reticulorumen temperature in CG (38.67 ± 0.10 °C) and TG (39.08 ± 0.09 °C; P < 0.01) was found. The use of the monensin controlled release capsule, which emitted daily monensin doses of 335 mg, in the first 30 days after calving increased the reticulorumen pH by 1.89% (P < 0.001), and the temperature of the reticulorumen by 0.82 % (P < 0.001). We conclude that using monensin in the form of monensin controlled release capsules reduces the risk of SARA. Real time observation of temperature and pH levels in the reticulorumen in fresh dairy cows allows for evaluation of the risk of SARA and provides the opportunity to determine the prophylactic effect of those capsules.

Antanaitis R., Žilaitis V., Juozaitiene V., Stoškus R. (2016): Usefulness of Acidity and Temperature of the Rumen and Abomasum in Diagnosing SARA in Dairy Cows after Calving. Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 19, 553-558 https://doi.org/10.1515/pjvs-2016-0069
AlZahal O., Kebreab E., France J., Froetschel M., McBride B.W. (2008): Ruminal Temperature May Aid in the Detection of Subacute Ruminal Acidosis. Journal of Dairy Science, 91, 202-207 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0535
Beauchemin K. A., Kreuzer M., O'Mara F., McAllister T. A. (2008): Nutritional management for enteric methane abatement: a review. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48, 21- https://doi.org/10.1071/EA07199
Benchaar C., Petit H.V., Berthiaume R., Whyte T.D., Chouinard P.Y. (2006): Effects of Addition of Essential Oils and Monensin Premix on Digestion, Ruminal Fermentation, Milk Production, and Milk Composition in Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 4352-4364 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72482-1
Callaway TR, Edrington TS, Rychlik JL, Genovese KJ, Poole TL, Jung YS, Bischoff KM, Anderson RC, Nisbet DJ (2003): Ionophores: Their use as ruminant growth promotants and impact on food safety. Current Issues in Intestinal Microbiology 4, 43–51.
Drong C., Meyer U., von Soosten D., Frahm J., Rehage J., Schirrmeier H., Beer M., Dänicke S. (2017): Effects of monensin and essential oils on immunological, haematological and biochemical parameters of cows during the transition period. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 101, 791-806 https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12494
Fairfield A.M., Plaizier J.C., Duffield T.F., Lindinger M.I., Bagg R., Dick P., McBride B.W. (2007): Effects of Prepartum Administration of a Monensin Controlled Release Capsule on Rumen pH, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Transition Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 937-945 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71577-1
Gasteiner J, Fallast M, Rosenkranz S, Hausler J, Schneider K, Guggenberger T (2009): Measuring rumen pH by an indwelling and wireless data transmitting unit and application under different feeding conditions. Wiener Tierarztliche Monatsschrift 96, 188–194.
Humer E., Aschenbach J. R., Neubauer V., Kröger I., Khiaosa-ard R., Baumgartner W., Zebeli Q. (2018): Signals for identifying cows at risk of subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy veterinary practice. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 102, 380-392 https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12850
Ingvartsen K.L. (2006): Feeding- and management-related diseases in the transition cow. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 126, 175-213 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.08.003
Loholter M, Rehage R, Meyer U, Lebzien P, Rehage J, Danicke S (2013): Evaluation of a device for continuous measurement of rumen temperature and pH considering localization of measurement and dietary concentrate proportion. Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry 63, 61–68.
Mathew B., Eastridge M.L., Oelker E.R., Firkins J.L., Karnati S.K.R. (2011): Interactions of monensin with dietary fat and carbohydrate components on ruminal fermentation and production responses by dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 396-409 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2010-3580
McGuffey R.K., Richardson L.F., Wilkinson J.I.D. (2001): Ionophores for Dairy Cattle: Current Status and Future Outlook. Journal of Dairy Science, 84, E194-E203 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)70218-4
Osborne J.K., Mutsvangwa T., Alzahal O., Duffield T.F., Bagg R., Dick P., Vessie G., McBride B.W. (2004): Effects of Monensin on Ruminal Forage Degradability and Total Tract Diet Digestibility in Lactating Dairy Cows During Grain-Induced Subacute Ruminal Acidosis. Journal of Dairy Science, 87, 1840-1847 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73341-X
Penner G.B., Beauchemin K.A., Mutsvangwa T. (2007): Severity of Ruminal Acidosis in Primiparous Holstein Cows During the Periparturient Period. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 365-375 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)72638-3
Prado Odimári Pricila Pires do, Zeoula Lucia Maria, Moura Lucimar Pontara Peres de, Franco Selma Lucy, Prado Ivanor Nunes do, Jacobi Guido (2010): Efeito da adição de própolis e monensina sódica na digestibilidade e características ruminais em bubalinos alimentados com dieta à base de forragem. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39, 2055-2065 https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982010000900026
Sato Shigeru, Ikeda Aya, Tsuchiya Yoshiyuki, Ikuta Kentaro, Murayama Isao, Kanehira Masahiro, Okada Keiji, Mizuguchi Hitoshi (2012): Diagnosis of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) by continuous reticular pH measurements in cows. Veterinary Research Communications, 36, 201-205 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-012-9528-8
Silva Fernanda Gomes Bezerra da, Yamamoto Sandra Mari, Silva Eva Mônica Sarmento da, Queiroz Mario Adriano Ávila, Gordiano Layse Araújo, Formiga Marcela Almeida (2015): <b>Propolis extract and sodium monensin on ruminal fermentation and hematological parameters in sheep. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences, 37, 273- https://doi.org/10.4025/actascianimsci.v37i3.25725
Stefanska B., Człapa W., Pruszynska-Oszmałek E., Szczepankiewicz D., Fievez V., Komisarek J., Stajek K., Nowak W. (2018): Subacute ruminal acidosis affects fermentation and endotoxin concentration in the rumen and relative expression of the CD14/TLR4/MD2 genes involved in lipopolysaccharide systemic immune response in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 101, 1297-1310 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-12896
Van Maanen Randall W., Herbein Joseph H., McGilliard A. Dare, Young Jerry W. (1978): Effects of Monensin on In Vivo Rumen Propionate Production and Blood Glucose Kinetics in Cattle. The Journal of Nutrition, 108, 1002-1007 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/108.6.1002
Villot C., Meunier B., Bodin J., Martin C., Silberberg M. (2018): Relative reticulo-rumen pH indicators for subacute ruminal acidosis detection in dairy cows. animal, 12, 481-490 https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731117001677
Zawadzki Fernando, Prado Ivanor Nunes, Marques Jair de Araujo, Zeoula Lucia Maria, Prado Rodolpho Martin do, Fugita Carlos Alberto, Valero Maribel Velandia, Maggioni Daniele (2011): Sodium monensin or propolis extract in the diet of Nellore bulls finished in feedlot: chemical composition and fatty acid profile of Longissimus muscle. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 32, 1627-1636 https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n4p1627
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences