Molecular regulation of skeletal muscle tissue formation and development

https://doi.org/10.17221/7/2018-VETMEDCitation:Nesvadbova M., Borilova G. (2018): Molecular regulation of skeletal muscle tissue formation and development. Veterinarni Medicina, 63: 489-499.
download PDF

This article provides a complex overview of the different stages of myogenesis with an emphasis on the molecular, genetic and cellular bases for skeletal muscle growth. Animals with higher number of medium-sized muscle fibres produce meat of higher quality and in higher quantity. The number of muscle fibres that are created in the body is largely decided during the process of myogenesis. This review describes the main stages of embryonic skeletal myogenesis and the myogenic factors that control myogenesis in epaxial and hypaxial somites, limbs, the head and neck as well as postnatal muscle fibre growth and regeneration. An understanding of the molecular and genetic factors influencing the prenatal and postnatal growth of skeletal muscle is essential for the development of the new strategies and practical approaches to meat production.

References:
Bentzinger C. F., Wang Y. X., Rudnicki M. A. (2012): Building Muscle: Molecular Regulation of Myogenesis. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 4, a008342-a008342  https://doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a008342
 
Bismuth Keren, Relaix Frédéric (2010): Genetic regulation of skeletal muscle development. Experimental Cell Research, 316, 3081-3086  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.08.018
 
Brameld JM, Greenwood PL, Bell AW (2010): Biological mechanisms of fetal development relating to postnatal growth, efficiency and carcass characteristics in ruminants. In: Greenwood PL, Bell AW, Vercoe PE, Viljoen GJ (eds): Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity. Springer. 93–120.
 
Braun Thomas, Gautel Mathias (2011): Transcriptional mechanisms regulating skeletal muscle differentiation, growth and homeostasis. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 12, 349-361  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrm3118
 
Brennan T. J., Edmondson D. G., Li L., Olson E. N. (1991): Transforming growth factor beta represses the actions of myogenin through a mechanism independent of DNA binding.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 88, 3822-3826  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.9.3822
 
Bryson-Richardson Robert J., Currie Peter D. (2008): The genetics of vertebrate myogenesis. Nature Reviews Genetics, 9, 632-646  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg2369
 
Buckingham Margaret (2017): Gene regulatory networks and cell lineages that underlie the formation of skeletal muscle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 5830-5837  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1610605114
 
Buckingham Margaret, Relaix Frédéric (2007): The Role of Pax Genes in the Development of Tissues and Organs: Pax3 and Pax7 Regulate Muscle Progenitor Cell Functions. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, 23, 645-673  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.cellbio.23.090506.123438
 
Buckingham M, Relaix F (2015): PAX3 and PAX7 as upstream regulators of myogenesis. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 44, 115–125.
 
Chen Xiaoling, Luo Yanliu, Huang Zhiqing, Jia Gang, Liu Guangmang, Zhao Hua (2017): Akirin2 regulates proliferation and differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells via ERK1/2 and NFATc1 signaling pathways. Scientific Reports, 7, -  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep45156
 
Depreux F.F.S, Grant A.L, Gerrard D.E (2002): Influence of halothane genotype and body-weight on myosin heavy chain composition in pig muscle as related to meat quality. Livestock Production Science, 73, 265-273  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00243-3
 
Dietrich S, Abou-Rebyeh F, Brohmann H, Bladt F, Sonnenberg-Riethmacher E, Yamaai T, Birchmeier C (1999): The role of SF/HGF and c-Met in the development of skeletal muscle. Development 126, 1621–1629.
 
Du Min, Yan Xu, Tong Jun F., Zhao Junxing, Zhu Mei J. (2010): Maternal Obesity, Inflammation, and Fetal Skeletal Muscle Development1. Biology of Reproduction, 82, 4-12  https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.109.077099
 
Eng Diana, Ma Hsiao-Yen, Gross Michael K., Kioussi Chrissa (2013): Gene Networks during Skeletal Myogenesis. ISRN Developmental Biology, 2013, 1-8  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/348704
 
Francetic Tanja, Li Qiao (2014): Skeletal myogenesis and Myf5 activation. Transcription, 2, 109-114  https://doi.org/10.4161/trns.2.3.15829
 
Geetha-Loganathan Poongodi, Nimmagadda Suresh, Scaal Martin, Huang Ruijin, Christ Bodo (2008): Wnt signaling in somite development. Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 190, 208-222  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2007.12.003
 
Goldspink G (2004): Local and systemic regulation of muscle growth. In: Pas MFW, Everts ME, Haagsman HP (eds): Muscle Development of Livestock Animals: Physiology, Genetics, and Meat Quality. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. 157–172.
 
Grifone R. (2005): Six1 and Six4 homeoproteins are required for Pax3 and Mrf expression during myogenesis in the mouse embryo. Development, 132, 2235-2249  https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.01773
 
Grifone Raphaelle, Demignon Josiane, Giordani Julien, Niro Claire, Souil Evelyne, Bertin Florence, Laclef Christine, Xu Pin-Xian, Maire Pascal (2007): Eya1 and Eya2 proteins are required for hypaxial somitic myogenesis in the mouse embryo. Developmental Biology, 302, 602-616  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.08.059
 
Hinits Y., Osborn D. P. S., Hughes S. M. (2009): Differential requirements for myogenic regulatory factors distinguish medial and lateral somitic, cranial and fin muscle fibre populations. Development, 136, 403-414  https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.028019
 
Hossner KL (2005): 4. Developmnet of muscle, skeletal system and adipose tissue. In: Hossner KL (ed.): Hormonal Regulation of Farm Animal Growth. 1st edn. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. 55–93.
 
Hutcheson DA, Zhao J, Merrell A, Haldar M, Kardon G (2009): Embryonic and fetal limb myogenic cells are derived from developmentally distinct progenitors and have different requirements for β-catenin. Genes & Development 23, 997–1013.
 
Lee Se-Jin (2004): REGULATION OF MUSCLE MASS BY MYOSTATIN. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, 20, 61-86  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.cellbio.20.012103.135836
 
Lefaucheur L, Ecolan P, Plantard L, Gueguen N (2002): New insights into muscle fiber types in the pig. Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 50, 719–730.
 
Liu H, Xi Y, Liu G, Zhao Y, Li J, Lei M (2018): Comparative transcriptomic analysis of skeletal muscle tissue during prenatal stages in Tongcheng and Yorkshire pig using RNA-seq. Functional & Integrative Genomics 18, 195–209.
 
Lullmann-Rauch R (2012): 10. Muscle tissue. In: Lullmann-Rauch R (ed.): Histology (in Czech). 1st edn. Grada Publishing, Prague. 186–210.
 
Mascarello Francesco, Toniolo Luana, Cancellara Pasqua, Reggiani Carlo, Maccatrozzo Lisa (2016): Expression and identification of 10 sarcomeric MyHC isoforms in human skeletal muscles of different embryological origin. Diversity and similarity in mammalian species. Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 207, 9-20  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2016.02.007
 
McCroskery Seumas, Thomas Mark, Maxwell Linda, Sharma Mridula, Kambadur Ravi (2003): Myostatin negatively regulates satellite cell activation and self-renewal. The Journal of Cell Biology, 162, 1135-1147  https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.200207056
 
Messina G, Cossu G (2009): The origin of embryonic and fetal myoblasts: a role of Pax3 and Pax7. Genes & Development 29, 902–905.
 
Mok Gi Fay, Sweetman Dylan (2011): Many routes to the same destination: lessons from skeletal muscle development. REPRODUCTION, 141, 301-312  https://doi.org/10.1530/REP-10-0394
 
Mu C (2012): The mRNA expression pattern of skeletal muscle regulatory factors in divergent phenotype swine breeds. Kafkas Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi 18, 685–690.
 
Muráni Eduard, Murániová Mária, Ponsuksili Siriluck, Schellander Karl, Wimmers Klaus (2007): Identification of genes differentially expressed during prenatal development of skeletal muscle in two pig breeds differing in muscularity. BMC Developmental Biology, 7, 109-  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-213X-7-109
 
Murgia M., Nagaraj N., Deshmukh A. S., Zeiler M., Cancellara P., Moretti I., Reggiani C., Schiaffino S., Mann M. (2015): Single muscle fiber proteomics reveals unexpected mitochondrial specialization. EMBO reports, 16, 387-395  https://doi.org/10.15252/embr.201439757
 
Murphy M, Kardon G (2011): Origin of vertebrate limb muscle: the role of progenitor and myoblast populations. Current Topics in Developmental Biology 96, 1–32.
 
Olson E. N. (1986): Regulation of myogenic differentiation by type beta transforming growth factor. The Journal of Cell Biology, 103, 1799-1805  https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.103.5.1799
 
Qin Lili, Xu Jian, Wu Zhenfang, Zhang Zhe, Li Jiaqi, Wang Chong, Long Qiaoming (2013): Notch1-mediated signaling regulates proliferation of porcine satellite cells (PSCs). Cellular Signalling, 25, 561-569  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2012.11.003
 
Rehfeldt C., Fiedler I., Dietl G., Ender K. (2000): Myogenesis and postnatal skeletal muscle cell growth as influenced by selection. Livestock Production Science, 66, 177-188  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(00)00225-6
 
Rehfeldt C, Fiedler I, Stickland NC (2004): Number and size of muscle fibres in relation to meat. In: te Pas MFW, Everts ME, Haagsman HP (eds): Muscle Development of Livestock Animals: Physiology, Genetics, and Meat Quality. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. 1–38.
 
Reis Evelyze Pinheiro dos, Paixão Débora Martins, Brustolini Otávio José Bernardes, Silva Fabyano Fonseca e, Silva Walmir, Araújo Flávio Marcos Gomes de, Salim Anna Christina de Matos, Oliveira Guilherme, Guimarães Simone Eliza Facioni (2016): Expression of myogenes in longissimus dorsi muscle during prenatal development in commercial and local Piau pigs. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 39, 589-599  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-gmb-2015-0295
 
Rodriguez J., Vernus B., Chelh I., Cassar-Malek I., Gabillard J. C., Hadj Sassi A., Seiliez I., Picard B., Bonnieu A. (2014): Myostatin and the skeletal muscle atrophy and hypertrophy signaling pathways. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 71, 4361-4371  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-014-1689-x
 
Rossi Giuliana, Messina Graziella (2014): Comparative myogenesis in teleosts and mammals. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 71, 3081-3099  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-014-1604-5
 
Sambasivan Ramkumar, Gayraud-Morel Barbara, Dumas Gérard, Cimper Clémire, Paisant Sylvain, Kelly Robert G., Tajbakhsh Shahragim (2009): Distinct Regulatory Cascades Govern Extraocular and Pharyngeal Arch Muscle Progenitor Cell Fates. Developmental Cell, 16, 810-821  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2009.05.008
 
Sambasivan R., Kuratani S., Tajbakhsh S. (2011): An eye on the head: the development and evolution of craniofacial muscles. Development, 138, 2401-2415  https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.040972
 
Schiaffino Stefano, Reggiani Carlo (2011): Fiber Types in Mammalian Skeletal Muscles. Physiological Reviews, 91, 1447-1531  https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00031.2010
 
Shahjahan Md (2015): Skeletal muscle development in vertebrate animals. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 1, 139-  https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v1i2.25592
 
Shih H. P., Gross M. K., Kioussi C. (2007): Cranial muscle defects of Pitx2 mutants result from specification defects in the first branchial arch. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 5907-5912  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0701122104
 
Stickland NC, Bayol S, Ashton C, Rehfeldt C (2004): Manipulation of muscle fibre number during prenatal development. In: Pas MFW, Everts ME, Haagsman HP (eds): Muscle Development of Livestock Animals: Physiology, Genetics, and Meat Quality. CABI Publishing, Wallingford. 69–82.
 
Sun J., Xie M., Huang Z., Li H., chen T., Sun R., Wang J., Xi Qianyun, Wu T., Zhang Y. (2017): Integrated analysis of non-coding RNA and mRNA expression profiles of 2 pig breeds differing in muscle traits. Journal of Animal Science, 95, 1092-  https://doi.org/10.2527/jas2016.0867
 
Sweetman D (2012): The myogenic regulatory factors: critical determinants of muscle identity in development, growth and regeneration. In: Cseri J (ed.): Skeletal Muscle – From Myogenesis to Clinical Relations. InTech, Rijeka. 31–48.
 
Wallace MA, Hughes DC, Baar K (2016): 3. mTORC1 in the control of myogenesis and adult skeletal muscle mass. In: Maiese K (ed.): Molecules to Medicine with mTOR: Translating Critical Pathways into Novel Therapeutic Strategies. Academic Press. 37–56.
 
Weaver AD (2012): Muscle biology. In: Hui YH (ed.): Handbook of Meat and Meat Processing. CRC Press, New York. 35–45.
 
Yan Xu, Zhu Mei-Jun, Dodson Michael V., Du Min (2013): Developmental Programming of Fetal Skeletal Muscle and Adipose Tissue Development. Journal of Genomics, 1, 29-38  https://doi.org/10.7150/jgen.3930
 
Yanagisawa Makoto, Nakashima Kinichi, Takeda Kohsuke, Ochiai Wataru, Takizawa Takumi, Ueno Masaya, Takizawa Makiko, Shibuya Hiroshi, Taga Tetsuya (2001): Inhibition of BMP2-induced, TAK1 kinase-mediated neurite outgrowth by Smad6 and Smad7. Genes to Cells, 6, 1091-1099  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2443.2001.00483.x
 
Yokoyama Shigetoshi, Asahara Hiroshi (2011): The myogenic transcriptional network. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 68, 1843-1849  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-011-0629-2
 
Zacharias Amanda L., Lewandoski Mark, Rudnicki Michael A., Gage Philip J. (2011): Pitx2 is an upstream activator of extraocular myogenesis and survival. Developmental Biology, 349, 395-405  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2010.10.028
 
Zhao Weimin, Mu Yulian, Ma Lei, Wang Chen, Tang Zhonglin, Yang Shulin, Zhou Rong, Hu Xiaoju, Li Meng-Hua, Li Kui (2015): Systematic identification and characterization of long intergenic non-coding RNAs in fetal porcine skeletal muscle development. Scientific Reports, 5, -  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep08957
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti