A serological survey and isolation of leptospires from small rodents and wild boars in the Republic of Croatia

https://doi.org/10.17221/5786-VETMEDCitation:Cvetnic Z., Margaletic J., Toncic J., Tturk N., Milas Z., Spicic S., Lojkic M., Terzic S., Jemersic L., Humski A., Mitak M., Habrun B., Krt B. (2003): A serological survey and isolation of leptospires from small rodents and wild boars in the Republic of Croatia. Veterinarni Medicina, 48: 321-329.
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In total the samples of blood and kidneys of 379 small rodents and 154 wild swine were analysed. The antibodies to different serovars of leptospires were determined in 12.7% of small rodents, most often in the species Mus musculus (34.4%), A. agrestis (14.8%), A. flavicolis (10.8%), C. glareolus (9.4%) and A. sylvaticus (6.5%). Most frequent were the findings of antibodies to sv. pomona (27.1%), sv. sejroe (20.8%), and sv. australis (14.6%), and the antibodies to sv. hardjo, sv. saxkoebing, sv. tarassovi, sv. grippotyphosa, sv. bataviae and sv. icterohaemorrhagiae were also established. Seventeen (4.5%) isolates were identified, belonging to the serogroups sejroe (10 isolates), pomona (4 isolates) and australis (1 isolate) and one isolate was not identified. In wild swine positive reactions were estab­lished in 26% of the blood sera analysed. Most frequently the antibodies to sv. pomona (47.5%), sv. australis (40%), sv. grippotyphosa (10%) and sv. icterohaemorhagiae (2.5%) were established. Thirteen (8.4%) isolates belonging to the serogroups pomona (10 isolates), australis (2 isolates) and icterohaemorhagiae (1 isolate) were identified.
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