Real-time PCR for quantitation of bovine viral diarrhea virus RNA using SYBR Green I fluorimetry
E. Kosinova, I. Psikal, B. Robesova, K. Kovarcikhttps://doi.org/10.17221/1882-VETMEDCitation:Kosinova E., Psikal I., Robesova B., Kovarcik K. (2007): Real-time PCR for quantitation of bovine viral diarrhea virus RNA using SYBR Green I fluorimetry. Veterinarni Medicina, 52: 253-261.
Quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) assay was developed for the detection and quantification of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in clinical samples from persistently infected cattle. qRT-PCR was optimized to quantify the number of BVD virus copies using Light Cycler® detection system and intercalation fluorogenic dye SYBR Green I. A universal set of primers was selected from a highly conserved 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) to detect BVDV type I and II simultaneously. Quantification of BVDV cDNA was accomplished using a calibration curve generated from 10-fold serial dilutions of standard plasmid DNA in the range 1−108 copies/μl. Analysis of 290 bp amplicons enabled monitoring of the viral RNA/BVDV level in a total of five BVDV strains (BVD-NADL, A03/3004, DB03/2943, KA04/3124, KV05/3412) and sixteen bulk milk samples, and in bovine sera of persistent carriers originating from Czech farms, as well as in a batch of calf serum for cell culture. Melting temperatures of amplicons (Tm) of BVDV strains of the same genotype group I as the NADL reference strain showed variability of the thermal points, however significant differences were observed in Tm values between the representatives of genotype group I and II. Low concentrations of BVD virus in bulk milk samples were also qualitatively identified by conventional RT-PCR. Highly reproducible data were obtained as the coefficients of variation of threshold cycles values in intra-assay and inter-assay were less than 0.85% and 2.76%, respectively. The results give enough evidence of suitability of qRT-PCR assay for quantitative analysis of BVDV in clinical samples.Keywords:bovine viral diarrhea virus; RNA; real-time RT-PCR; SYBR Green I