Commercial phenotypic tests (API 20E) in diagnosis of fish bacteria: a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/2058-VETMEDCitation:Topic Popovic N., Coz-Rakovac R., Strunjak-Perovic I. (2007): Commercial phenotypic tests (API 20E) in diagnosis of fish bacteria: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 52: 49-53.
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The available data concerning rapid identification of fish bacteria via commercial phenotypic tests demonstrate that there is no agreement regarding the choice of the tests. However, API 20E, an identification system for Enterobacteriaceae and other non-fastidious Gram-negative rods developed for clinical specimens, seems to be increasingly used for the identification of fish pathogens. In this review, adaptation of API 20E for fish bacterial isolates and its distinctiveness for fish bacteria was assessed. Some strains are wrongly identified because they are not included in the database of API 20E system. API 20E reactions should be compared with the diagnostic schemes based on reactions in conventional phenotypic tests. Due to their significance for fish health and impact on the aquaculture, and because of the need for their rapid identification, some important fish bacteria should be included in the API 20E system, such as Yersinia ruckeri, Edwardsiella ictaluri, Vibrio anguillarum.
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