Detection methods for Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis in milk and milk products: a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/1859-VETMEDCitation:Slana I., Paolicchi F., Janstova B., Navratilova P., Pavlik I. (2008): Detection methods for Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis in milk and milk products: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 53: 283-306.
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Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiologic agent of paratuberculosis, a disease with considerable economic impact, principally on dairy cattle herds. Animals with paratuberculosis shed viable MAP especially in their milk, faeces and semen. MAP may have a role in the development of Crohn’s disease in humans via the consumption of contaminated milk and milk products. The current methods of milk pasteurization are not sufficient to kill all MAP cells present in milk and MAP has been cultured from raw or pasteurized milk and isolated from cheese. The purpose of the present study was to review the different methods used for detection of MAP in milk and milk products. We analyze the current methods for direct or non direct identification of MAP and culture and molecular biology methods that can be applied to milk and milk products.
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