Lactoferrin: a review
L. Adlerova, A. Bartoskova, M. Faldynahttps://doi.org/10.17221/1978-VETMEDCitation:Adlerova L., Bartoskova A., Faldyna M. (2008): Lactoferrin: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 53: 457-468.
This review discusses the biological properties of the glycoprotein lactoferrin. Lactoferrin has been identified in secretions from exocrine glands and in specific granules of neutrophils. After degranulation, neutrophils become the main source of lactoferrin in blood plasma. Lactoferrin possesses various biological functions, including roles in iron metabolism, cell proliferation and differentiation, and antibacterial, antiviral, and antiparasitic activity. Many of these functions do not appear to be connected with its iron binding ability. Of late, lactoferrin concentrations have been measured mostly in humans but also in some other species. However, the relationship between its concentration and physiological or pathological effects on body functions is not yet well characterised.Keywords:protein; glycoprotein; transferrin; milk; neutrophils; leukocytes; host defense; antimicrobial