Effects of an aerobic training program on oxidative stress biomarkers in bulls

https://doi.org/10.17221/2979-VETMEDCitation:Escribano B., Tunez I., Requena F., Rubio M., De Miguel R., Montilla P., Tovar P., Aguera E. (2010): Effects of an aerobic training program on oxidative stress biomarkers in bulls. Veterinarni Medicina, 55: 422-428.
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic training (16 weeks – T1 and 24 weeks – T2) on oxidative stress biomarkers. To this end, GSH, GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activity were analysed in plasma. Nine bulls (3–4 years), were included in this work. The exercise training protocol was performed in a track ("taurodromo") three days per week for 24 weeks and consisted of 400 m warming up, 1200 m to 4–5 m/s, two minutes' resting, 1200 m to 4-5 m/s and, finally, 400 m walking. The results reflected that GSH-Px activity was higher at T1 (6.18 ± 0.45) than at baseline (T0; 2.31 ± 0.08) while the GSH level (2.98 ± 0.37) was lower vs. T0 (14.59 ± 3.40). Moreover, there were significant increases in GSH-Px (18.23 ± 1.36) and CAT (2.52 ± 0.04) activities and the recovery of basal values in GSH (11.75 ± 2.84) in T2. In conclusion, the type of training carried out in this study involved two well-defined stages: (i) a period of perturbation, followed by (ii) adaptation. The former stage was characterised by the induction of oxidative stress manifested as a decrease in the GSH, and the latter (T2) by the recovery of this non-enzymatic antioxidant.
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