Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in powdered infant milk: F57 competitive real time PCR
K. Hruska, I. Slana, P. Kralik, I. Pavlikhttps://doi.org/10.17221/1563-VETMEDCitation:Hruska K., Slana I., Kralik P., Pavlik I. (2011): Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in powdered infant milk: F57 competitive real time PCR. Veterinarni Medicina, 56: 226-230.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in concentrations from 48 to 32 500 cells per gram of powdered infant milk were found in 18 out of 51 investigated samples (35%) in this study. More than 10 000 cells per gram were present in four samples (7.8%). Such concentrations mean that one package of milk contains 5 million MAP cells, which are ingested by a bottle-fed baby over the course of several days. Premature babies and bottle-fed newborns can be affected by pro-inflammatory triggers from a huge number of mycobacteria despite not suffering from infection with bacteria or viruses often linked with the etiology of Crohn's disease.Keywords:
Crohn's disease; public health; food safety; environmental risk