The role of beta-endorphin in horses: a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/3205-VETMEDCitation:Golynski M., Krumrych W., Lutnicki K. (2011):  The role of beta-endorphin in horses: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 56: 423-429.
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  Opium alkaloids counterparts are secreted by human and animal organisms but the role of endogenous opioid peptides in horses has not yet been fully elucidated. Endogenous opioids are involved in regulating food intake, sexual and social activity, pain relief and pain threshold regulation in horses as well as in regulating the functions of the immune system. The aim of this review is to describe the endogenous opioid system in the horse and its function during stress, illness, reproduction, and its influence on immunity and on the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in horses. What is currently known concerning beta-endorphin suggests that they can be a promising diagnostic or prognostic indicator of many pathologic states in horses.
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