Physiological events during parturition and possibilities for improving puppy survival: a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/4436-VETMEDCitation:Kredatusova G., Hajurka J., Szakallova I., Valencakova A., Vojtek B. (2011):  Physiological events during parturition and possibilities for improving puppy survival: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 56: 589-594.
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 Clinical examination and emergency care in newborn puppies is difficult, due to their different physiological characteristics and needs from those of adult dogs. This paper reviews the physiological events during parturition and the influence of parturition on puppy health.  
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