Adrenal gland tumours. Different clinical presentations in three dogs: a case report
A. Loste, M. Borobia, M. Borobia, D. Lacasta, M. Carbonell, A. Basurco, MC Marcahttps://doi.org/10.17221/6919-VETMEDCitation:Loste A., Borobia M., Borobia M., Lacasta D., Carbonell M., Basurco A., Marca M. (2013): Adrenal gland tumours. Different clinical presentations in three dogs: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina, 58: 377-384.
Three dogs were evaluated due to the presence of unilateral adrenal gland masses with or without clinical signs. Case 1 showed a unilateral non-functional adrenocortical adenoma, discovered accidentally while Case 2 presented a unilateral cortisol-secreting adrenocortical adenoma; a pheochromocytoma was accidentally discovered in Case 3. The adrenalectomy was the treatment of choice in all cases. The development of diagnostic imaging techniques, mainly ultrasonography, and its application to routine abdominal examinations, have allowed the detection of adrenal gland masses more frequently. However, there is no pattern of echogenicity or architecture which would help in the differentiation in a functional tumour from a non-functional tumour, a pheochromocytoma, a metastatic lesion to the adrenal or a granuloma. A complete description of history, clinical signs, laboratory analysis and imaging studies is included. Moreover, a revision of the different types of adrenal gland tumours, with their clinical presentation, a standardised diagnosis protocol and options for treatment are discussed.Keywords:
incidentaloma; adrenal gland tumour; pheochromocytoma; hyperadrenocorticism; dog