Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and its current picture in Pakistan: a review
S. Samiullahhttps://doi.org/10.17221/6977-VETMEDCitation:Samiullah S. (2013): Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia and its current picture in Pakistan: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 58: 389-398.
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp) which belongs to the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster, a group of five closely related Mycoplasmas, pathogenic to ruminants. The true lesions of CCPP are restricted to the alveolar tissues of infected goats, which distinguish it from other respiratory diseases of small ruminants caused by members of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster. The typical signs of CCPP are an accumulation of pleural fluid, unilateral hepatisation, adhesions, pleurisy and pleuropneumonia which clearly differentiate it from “MAKePS” syndrome caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc). The available literature on CCPP shows that so far in Pakistan, the true causative agent (Mccp) of this disease has only been isolated in the Pashin District of Balochistan and that the disease is more frequently confused with other respiratory diseases of goat caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster. The lack of suitable techniques and extensive knowledge in the field is a big limitation for the isolation and characterisation of Mccp from prevailing CCPP-like cases in the goat population of Pakistan.Keywords:
goat; Mycoplasma mycoides cluster; Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae; diagnostic tests; respiratory diseases