The foraging behaviour of honey bees, Apis mellifera: a review
HF Abou-Shaarahttps://doi.org/10.17221/7240-VETMEDCitation:Abou-Shaara H. (2014): The foraging behaviour of honey bees, Apis mellifera: a review. Veterinarni Medicina, 59: 1-10.
Foraging behaviour is one of the distinctive behaviours of honey bees, Apis mellifera. This behaviour is the link between the honey bee colony and the ambient environment. Therefore, various in-colony and out-colony factors have an impact on this behaviour, and many studies have been employed to investigate these factors. Foraging behaviour is not advantageous only for the colony and for plant pollination but also has other benefits. In contrast, some disadvantages have also been discovered to be linked with foraging activity. Practically speaking, the control over this behaviour is very important to maximize colony products as well as to increase other agricultural benefits. This paper presents a review on foraging activity including; the regulation of foraging tasks, factors impacting this behaviour, foraging preference, variations between subspecies, monitoring methods as well as the possible methods for controlling this behaviour. As concluded from this review, more work needs to be performed in order to elucidate certain aspects of foraging behaviour.Keywords:
colonies; Apis mellifera; flying; workers; ethology