Aberrant cytoplasmic accumulation of retinoblastoma protein in basal cells may lead to increased survival in malignant canine mammary tumours

https://doi.org/10.17221/7316-VETMEDCitation:Gautam S., Sood N., Gupta K. (2014): Aberrant cytoplasmic accumulation of retinoblastoma protein in basal cells may lead to increased survival in malignant canine mammary tumours. Veterinarni Medicina, 59: 76-80.
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The retinoblastoma susceptibility gene RB-1 is a tumour suppressor gene that encodes a protein (Rb) that regulates the transition from the G1 phase to the S phase of the cell cycle. Inactivation of the Rb gene has been shown in a variety of human tumours, including breast, ovarian, hepatic, prostatic, and endometrial carcinomas. Although Rb protein is normally expressed in the nuclei of healthy cells, during carcinogenesis there is a partial or complete loss of nuclear expression. Recently, some reports have indicated aberrant cytoplasmic expression of Rb protein. However, little is known about its cytoplasmic expression and significance as a prognostic marker in canine mammary tumours (CMT). The present study was performed on 36 malignant CMT cases in order to assess the mutational status and prognostic significance of Rb in primary malignant CMT. We report an almost complete loss of nuclear expression of Rb protein with corresponding gain of aberrant cytoplasmic expression in basal/myoepithelial cells in CMT. Strikingly, our analysis reveals a significant positive correlation between survival time and cytoplasmic expression of Rb protein in basal cells. Moreover, cytoplasmic expression of Rb protein in basal cells was also correlated with tumour grade and stage.  
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